Staraya Russa

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Staraja Russa
Старая Русса
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Novgorod
Urban district Staraya Russa
mayor Vladimir Mamasuev
First mention 1167
City since 1776
surface 18.5  km²
population 31,809 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1719 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 25  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 81652
Post Code 175200-175207
License Plate 53
OKATO 49 413
Geographical location
Coordinates 57 ° 59 ′  N , 31 ° 21 ′  E Coordinates: 57 ° 59 ′ 0 ″  N , 31 ° 21 ′ 0 ″  E
Staraja Russa (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Staraya Russa (Novgorod Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Novgorod Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Staraja Russa ( Russian Старая Русса ) is a city in Russia and with 31,809 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) the third largest town in Novgorod Oblast .


The city is located about 250 kilometers south of Saint Petersburg and 99 km south of the regional capital Veliky Novgorod . The Polist River flows through the city from the catchment area of Lake Ilmen . Staraya Russa is the administrative center of the Novgorod Oblast Rajon of the same name .


Transfiguration Monastery

The place was first mentioned in 1167 under the name Russa (Руса). Originally part of the Novgorod Republic , Russa was the center of the salt works in the 13th and 14th centuries . In 1478 the place became part of the Moscow Grand Duchy and developed during this time both as a salt boiler and as a trading place, since it was on the waterway " from the Varangians to the Greeks ". Since the middle of the 16th century the place was named Staraya Russa (Старая Руса), which means something like "Old Russa".

In 1608, Staraja Russa was largely devastated in an attack by Poland-Lithuania . Even though it was rebuilt a few years later, the place has not been able to regain its former importance for trade since then. In 1763 Staraya Russa fell victim to a conflagration and was then built on with stone houses according to a new general plan. A little later, in 1776, it received city rights and became part of the Novgorod Governorate .

At the beginning of the 19th century, salt production in Staraya Russa was stopped. A mud bath was set up in 1828 on the site of the former saltworks. Since then, the city has been a health resort , also because of several medicinal water springs located here . In 1858 a ship connection was established across the Ilmen Lake from Staraya Russa to Novgorod, and two decades later a rail connection was also established between the two cities.

"Church of St. Menas " in Staraya Russa

During the Second World War , Staraya Russa was occupied by the Wehrmacht from August 1941 to February 1944 and was only liberated by the Red Army in the course of the Leningrad-Novgorod operation . Adolf Urban, among others, died in the village's first aid station in 1943 .

In 1942 the bell was confiscated from the "Church of Saint Mina" and brought back to Lübeck, where it was cast in 1672 by Albert Benningk . In Lübeck the bell fell into oblivion and was never rung. In 2000 the whereabouts of the bell could be clarified, and on February 18, 2001 the bell was ceremoniously returned.

Population development

year Residents
1897 15,183
1939 37,258
1959 25,409
1970 34,577
1979 40,439
1989 41,538
2002 35,511
2010 31,809

Note: census data


Today in Staraya Russa there are mechanical engineering and chemical industries as well as a number of food factories.


sons and daughters of the town

Persons related to Staraya Russa

The poet Fyodor Dostoevsky lived in the city from 1875 to 1878 and 1880 . Today a museum and a memorial in Staraya Russa commemorate this.

The composer Sergei Rachmaninov was born in 1873 on the Semjonowo estate near Staraya Russa and lived there until the family moved to Saint Petersburg in 1882.

Web links

Commons : Staraja Russa  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. German Bundestag: The return of cultural goods relocated due to the war p. 8 (online PDF 114 KB) ( Memento from March 16, 2018 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on March 16, 2018.
  3. Die Welt: Lübeck returns Russian bell ( Memento from October 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Edition from February 3, 2001, accessed on March 16, 2018.
  4. ^ Spoils of War. No. May 8, 2003 p. 58 (online PDF 2.12 MB) ( Memento from March 16, 2018 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on March 16, 2018.