from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Novgorod
Rajon Solzy
mayor Alexander Vasilenko
First mention 1390
City since 1914
surface 10  km²
population 10,086 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1009 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 30  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 81655
Post Code 175040-175042
License Plate 53
OKATO 49 238 501
Geographical location
Coordinates 58 ° 7 ′  N , 30 ° 19 ′  E Coordinates: 58 ° 7 ′ 0 ″  N , 30 ° 19 ′ 0 ″  E
Solzy (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Solzy (Novgorod Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Novgorod Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Solzy ( Russian Сольцы ) is a city in Novgorod Oblast ( Russia ) with 10,086 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located about 80 kilometers southwest of the oblast capital Veliky Novgorod on the left bank of the Schelon, which flows into the Ilmen Lake .

Solzy is the administrative center of the Rajons of the same name .

The city is located on the St. Petersburg - Dno - Novosokolniki - Vitebsk railway line, opened in 1904 (line km 206).


Solzy was first mentioned in 1390, when a peace between the Novgorod Republic and the Pskov Republic was concluded here. The place name is derived from the Russian word sol for salt ; the residents were engaged in salt works at local salty springs.

In 1471 the Battle of the Schelon took place nearby , in which troops of the Grand Duchy of Moscow defeated the Novgorod Republic and thus initiated the final decline of Novgorod.

In the 18th century the place was known as the center of the linen trade .

In 1914 the town charter was granted.

During World War II , Solzy was occupied by the German Wehrmacht on July 13, 1941 , briefly recaptured by the Red Army from July 16 to 22, 1941 and finally recaptured on February 21, 1944 by troops of the Leningrad Front as part of the Leningrad-Novgorod operation .

Population development

year Residents
1897 3,981
1926 4,317
1939 8,972
1959 9,082
1970 9,357
1979 11,672
1989 11,782
2002 11,264
2010 10,086

Note: census data

Culture and sights

In Solzy, the Church of the Protection and Intercession of the Virgin Mary ( Покровская церковь / Pokrowskaja zerkow) from the 2nd half of the 18th century and the Elias Cathedral ( Ильинский собор / Iljinski sobor) from the 18th to 19th centuries have been preserved.

Ten kilometers from the city is the village of Wybiti with a castle and park. In the village of Molotschkowo there is the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary ( Успенская церковь / Uspenskaja zerkow) from the 19th century, in the village of Velebizy the Church of the Apostles John ( церковь Иоанна Иоанна Богослова Богослова / zerkow Ioanna from the 2nd half of the 19th century .


In Solzy there is a factory for magnetic tapes as well as companies in the textile and food industries.

Immediately north of the city is the base of the same name of the Russian Air Force , on which, among other things, heavy Tupolev Tu-22M and Tupolev Tu-95 bombers are stationed.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links