Ingrid Bergman

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Ingrid Bergman, 1945

Ingrid Bergman [ ˌiŋːɹid ˈbæɹːʝman ] (born August 29, 1915 in Stockholm , † August 29, 1982 in London ) was a Swedish actress . The three-time Oscar winner is considered one of the most important and popular actresses in film history.


Ingrid Bergman was born as the daughter of Friedel Adler, who was born in Kiel ; she died when Ingrid was two years old. Justus Samuel Bergman's father was a photographer. The parents married on June 13, 1907 in Hamburg . After the mother's early death, the father encouraged Ingrid's acting talent at an early age. He died nine years after his wife, and Ingrid Bergman went on to live with an uncle.

Bergman attended the drama school of the Royal Dramatic Theater in Stockholm and had her first speaking role in a Swedish film in 1935. In 1937 she married the dentist and later brain surgeon Petter Lindström; the following year their daughter Pia Lindström was born.

Ingrid Bergman, 1946

Her breakthrough came with the film drama Intermezzo (1936) directed by Gustaf Molander . It was through this success that Hollywood became aware of them. When she went to the USA in 1938 after the film Die 4 Gesellen , shot in Germany for UFA, among others at the instigation of star producer David O. Selznick , she was already a star in Sweden. Bergman was able to win over the American audience primarily through her naturalness, which made her stand out from the American film stars. Often there were disputes with the producers or directors in her film career. B. wanted to play without makeup (which should support the naturalness) or wanted to take on another role in the film.

She played one of her best-known roles in 1942 as Ilsa Lund on the side of Humphrey Bogart in the US production Casablanca by director Michael Curtiz . In 1949 Bergman made the film Stromboli with Roberto Rossellini in Italy . She fell in love with the director and subsequently left her husband Petter Lindström after she became pregnant by Rossellini. This sparked a scandal in the United States, and it lost the favor of the American public. In 1950 she married Rossellini. The two had three children together, the son Roberto Ingmar (* 1950) and the fraternal twins Isabella and Isotta (* June 18, 1952). Bergman and Rossellini shot a total of seven films together. In 1957 the marriage with Rossellini was divorced after Rossellini entered into a relationship with the 24 years younger Indian Sonali Dasgupta and she became pregnant. A year later, Bergman married the Swedish producer Lars Schmidt . This marriage lasted until 1970.

With the film Anastasia in 1956 she was able to win back the favor of the American audience. In addition to many film and television roles, Bergman played in numerous European cities such as London or Paris as well as in New York at the theater. In the course of her career, she won three Oscars and is the second most popular actress after Katharine Hepburn and Meryl Streep .

In 1974 Bergman was diagnosed with breast cancer, which was initially treated successfully. The disease was diagnosed again in the early 1980s. In 1982 - already seriously ill - she made her last film, A Woman Called Golda , in which she played Golda Meïr . She died in London on her 67th birthday .

Ingrid Bergman was symbolically buried in the Norra begravningsplatsen (north cemetery) in Solna ( Stockholm County ), as her ashes were scattered at sea on June 5, 1983 in the town of Fjällbacka on the Swedish west coast near her favorite island Dannholmen. On the same day, a bust of Ingrid Bergman (sculptor Gudmar Olofsson) was erected at the port of the small town. Your gaze is directed towards the island of Dannholmen, and the bust is surrounded by the planting of a variety of roses that received its name that day.


German dubbing voices

The German actresses who have dubbed Ingrid Bergman in their films include:

  • Tilly Lauenstein ( Intermezzo , notorious - 1st synchronization from 1951, Triumphal Arch , Johanna von Orleans , The Visit , The Yellow Rolls-Royce )
  • Gisela Trowe ( Dangerous Love )
  • Eva Vaitl ( doctor and demon , for whom the hour strikes , Lady Alquist's house , The bells of St. Mary's )
  • Marianne Kehlau ( Casablanca - the first synchronization of 1952, Indiscreet , The Inn of the sixth happiness , you love Brahms? , Cactus Flower )
  • Rose-Marie Kirstein ( Casablanca - 2nd synchronization from 1975)
  • Eleonore Noelle ( I fight for you , Europe 51 , travel in Italy , Anastasia )
  • Marianne Wischmann ( Notorious - 2nd dubbing from 1969)
  • Ingeborg Grunewald ( slave of the heart )
  • Edith Schneider ( The Other's Wife )
  • Dagmar Altrichter ( Murder on the Orient Express , Autumn Sonata )

Stage appearances


Rose variety "Ingrid Bergman"
  • 1945: Golden Globe Award for best film actress (as "Paula Alquist Anton" in Das Haus der Lady Alquist )
  • 1945: Oscar as best actress (as "Paula Alquist Anton" in Das Haus der Lady Alquist )
  • 1946: Oscar nomination for Best Actress in The Bells of St. Mary
  • 1946: Golden Globe for Best Actress (as "Mary Benedict" in The Bells of St. Mary's )
  • 1951: Bambi
  • 1952: Bambi
  • 1953: Bambi
  • 1954: Bambi
  • 1957: Golden Globe for Best Actress (for the title role in Anastasia )
  • 1957: Oscar for Best Actress (for the title role in Anastasia )
  • 1960: Emmy Award for Best Actress (for the lead role in The Turn of the Screw )
  • 1975: Oscar for Best Supporting Actress (as "Greta Ohlsson" in Murder on the Orient Express )
  • 1976: Honorary César
  • 1979: Oscar nomination for Best Actress in Fall Sonata
  • 1982: Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Miniseries (for the title role in A Woman Called Golda )
  • 1983: Golden Globe for Best Actress in a TV Production (for the title role in A Woman Called Golda )
  • Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • She was voted fourth greatest American film actress in history by the American Film Institute .

As a tribute , the rose varieties were "Ingrid Bergman" as well as a passenger aircraft in the KLM type MD-11 (MD-11 now retired) named after her.


Monument in Fjällbacka
  • Ingrid Bergman (with Alan Burgess): My life. ( Ingrid Bergman. My Story ). Ullstein, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-548-35878-0 .


  • Curtis F. Brown: Ingrid Bergman. Your films - your life. Heyne, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-453-86012-8 .
  • Charlotte Chandler: Ingrid. Ingrid Bergman, a personal biography. Applause Theater & Cinema Books, New York 2008, ISBN 978-1-55783-735-6 .
  • Birgit Haustedt: Ingrid Bergman , Ebersbach & Simon, Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-86915-100-7 .
  • Renate Möhrmann: Ingrid Bergman and Roberto Rossellini: A love and booty story. Rowohlt, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-87134-311-0 .
  • Lawrence J. Quirk : The Films of Ingrid Bergman. Citadel Press, New York 1970
German edition: Ingrid Bergman and her films. Translated from American English by Marie Margarete Giese. Goldmann, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-442-10214-6 .
  • David Smit: Ingrid Bergman: the life, career and public image. McFarland & Company, Jefferson 2012, ISBN 978-0-7864-7226-0 .
  • Donald Spoto: Ingrid Bergman: 'I've always been myself.' (Original title: Notorious translated by Jobst-Christian Rojahn) Ullstein, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-548-60034-4 .
  • Aleksandra Ziolkowska-Boehm: Ingrid Bergman and her American Relatives. Hamilton Books, Lanham 2013, ISBN 978-0-7618-6150-8 .
  • Thilo Wydra : Ingrid Bergman. One life. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3-421-04673-4 .

Film documentaries

  • Ingrid . TV documentary by Gene Feldman . USA 1984, Wombat Productions, 59 minutes
  • Legends: Ingrid Bergman . Film by Michael Strauven . Germany 2003, 45 minutes
  • Rossellini - Bergman, the love of cinema . Documentation by Florence Mauro. France 2006, 55 minutes
  • I am Ingrid Bergman. Documentary by Stig Björkman. Sweden, 2014, 112 minutes.

Web links

Commons : Ingrid Bergman  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Journal for Low German Family Studies. 90th vol. 3: Friedel Bergman, b. Adler, Ingrid Bergman's mother; by Lutz Kühnl. Born in Kiel September 12, 1884 as Frieda Henriette Auguste Louise Adler. The father Christian Adler (* 1846) was a businessman in Kiel and from 1894 in Hamburg-Harvestehude, the mother Adele Schneider (* 1860), both Protestant-Lutheran from Lütjenburg
  2. Death of Friedel Bergman, b. Adler suffered from cholemia on January 19, 1918 in Sophiahemmet Hospital; Hedvig-Eleonora-församling's funeral book, Vol. 22/121
  3. ^ Friedel Adler Bergman at Find A Grave
  4. Register Office Hamburg 3, 1907 No. 173
  6. The marriage was concluded as a glove marriage in Mexico. (Statement from Isabella Rossellini in the documentary Ingrid Bergman - in memory of her mother Ingrid Bergman on the DVD Indiskret )
  7. ^ Statement by Isabella Rossellini in the documentary Ingrid Bergman - in memory of her mother Ingrid Bergman on the DVD Indiskret
  8. Ingrid Bergman's grave
  9. ( Memento of the original from January 3, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /