Richard Paulick (architect)
Richard Paulick (born November 7, 1903 in Roßlau (Elbe) , † March 4, 1979 in East Berlin ) was a German architect .
Richard Paulick was born the son of the porcelain lathe operator and SPD functionary Richard Paulick . After studying in Dresden and Berlin , he made contact with the Bauhaus Dessau . Here he worked with Georg Muche . From 1927 to 1928 Paulick was Walter Gropius' assistant at the Bauhaus in Dessau. After Gropius had to leave Dessau, Paulick completed the ongoing projects as office manager in Dessau and followed him to Berlin in June 1929. From the summer of 1930 he ran his own architecture office in Berlin.
As a politically active person, he was at times a SAP functionary, he had to emigrate in 1933 , which he managed with the help of his friend Rudolf Hamburger . Paulick lived in Shanghai until 1949 and worked there as a planner. In 1940 he was appointed professor at Saint John's University Shanghai and was later head of the city planning office there. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China , Paulick left Shanghai in 1949.
After his return from China, Paulick settled in eastern Germany. In the 1950s he took part in the architecture competition on Stalinallee . His contribution was realized as Section C. As a department head at the Institute for Construction in Berlin, he was responsible for the organization of the major construction site; Further, he designed the image of the plant formative two- and four-arm road lights, the so-called. Paulick candelabra that the OWA candelabra of Speer for the east-west axis similar to the 1936. For private use, he set up a penthouse on Block C, the equipment of which has meanwhile been placed under monument protection.
A design by Paulick from 1951 envisaged a government high-rise for the area of the later Marx-Engels-Forum in Berlin, the forecourt of which was to cover 30,000 square meters. For this purpose, the demolition of the Hohenzollern Castle was also planned. The draft lasted until Erich Honecker took office in 1971, but was then dropped in favor of the Republic Palace.
Paulick later played a key role in the reconstruction of historic Berlin and was also involved in the reconstruction of Dresden . He headed the sample and experimental office at the Deutsche Bauakademie in Berlin and held the title of professor. From 1957 initially chief architect and head of the Hoyerswerda construction office , from 1963 he was in charge of planning the chemical workers' city of Halle-Neustadt .
Paulick died in 1979; he is buried in the central cemetery Friedrichsfelde (field S 1), his grave is an honorary grave of the city of Berlin .
Paulick was married to the later acting teacher Else Bongers in his first marriage . His granddaughter is the actress Natascha Paulick .
Buildings and designs
- 1925–1926: Steel house in Dessau
- 1929–1930: Kant garages in Berlin (with Hermann Zweigenthal )
- 1930–1931: DEWOG housing estate on Heidestrasse in Dessau
- 1951: German sports hall in Berlin (demolished in 1971)
- 1951: Design for a government high-rise in Berlin (not carried out)
- 1952: Pioneering republic on the Werbellinsee
- 1952–1953: Apartment blocks C-North and C-South on Stalinallee (later Karl-Marx-Allee) in Berlin-Friedrichshain
- 1950–1955: Reconstruction of the State Opera Unter den Linden in Berlin
- 1954–1955: Residential row on Hildegard-Jadamowitz-Strasse in Berlin-Friedrichshain
- 1954–1956: Design for the University of Transport in Dresden
- 1963: Chief architect in the construction of the chemical workers town " Halle-Neustadt "
- 1962–1964: Reconstruction of the Prinzessinnenpalais in Berlin, Unter den Linden 5
- 1968–1970: Reconstruction and expansion of the Kronprinzenpalais in Berlin, Unter den Linden 3
- Goethe Prize of the City of Berlin , 1951
- National Prize of the GDR 1st class in the architects' collective, 1952
- Patriotic Order of Merit in Silver, 1954
- National Prize of the GDR 2nd class in a collective, 1956
- Medal of Merit of the GDR , 1963
- Johannes R. Becher Medal in gold, 1967
- Handel Prize of the Halle district , 1967
- Labor banner , 1968
- National Prize of the GDR III. Class in the collective, 1969
- Gold medal for the Patriotic Order of Merit , 1978
From the end of 2003 to March 2004 there was an exhibition in Dessau under the title R. Paulick in Dessau: Stahlhaus - Arbeitsamt - DEWOG-Siedlung im Stahlhaus, an experimental house by him and the Bauhaus master Georg Muche (1926/27). These three buildings were shown as representative examples of his work, as a student associated with the Bauhaus, as an employee in the Gropius construction office and finally as an independent architect.
In November 2003 a colloquium of the city of Roßlau and the Bauhaus Foundation took place in his hometown. The focus was on the complex and contradicting interweaving of his work in the social, political and economic realities of the respective centers and locations. Among other things, Jörn Düwel spoke about From Functionalism to Stalinallee .
- Thomas Flierl (Ed.): Bauhaus Shanghai Stalinallee Ha-Neu. The life path of the architect Richard Paulick 1903–1979. Lukas-Verlag, Berlin 2020, ISBN 978-3867323710 .
- Simone Hain, Volker Wagner: Paulick, Richard . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Sonja Hildebrand: Paulick, Richard. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , p. 124 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Eduard Kögel: Two Poelzig students in emigration: Rudolf Hamburger and Richard Paulick between Shanghai and East Berlin (1930-1955) . Dissertation, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar 2007, Weimar 2007 ( full text as online resource ).
- Manfred Müller : The life of an architect, portrait Richard Paulick . Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle (Saale) 1975.
- Peter Müller (Hrsg.), Wolfgang Thöner (Hrsg.): Bauhaus tradition and GDR modernism. The architect Richard Paulick. Catalog for the exhibition in Dessau, Weimar, Hamburg (August 2006) and Berlin (November 2006). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-422-06628-4 . Reviews: Jürgen Tietz in the NZZ v. July 29, 2006 and Regina Mönch in the FAZ v. July 24, 2006 .
- Literature by and about Richard Paulick in the catalog of the German National Library
- Richard Paulick. In: architekten-portrait.de
- Richard Paulick (architect). In: arch INFORM .
- Paulick, Richard. In: kg.ikb.kit.edu ( Karlsruhe Institute of Technology )
- Collection: Paulick, Richard. In: mediatum.ub.tum.de ( Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Munich )
- Tenth workshop discussion on East German planning history
- ^ Richard Paulick. 1928–1930 office manager in the private construction office Gropius. bauhaus100.de, accessed on January 16, 2020.
- ↑ Harry Nutt: The long shadow of the Paulick lamp. Frankfurter Rundschau , July 22, 2008, accessed on January 18, 2020 .
- ^ Anne Lena Mösken: Richard-Paulick apartment in Berlin: Architect's idyll on Karl-Marx-Allee. Berliner Zeitung , October 5, 2014, accessed on January 18, 2020
- ↑ Barbara Nolte: Great architecture for Berlin - never implemented. Tagesspiegel , September 4, 2015.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 7, 1903|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rosslau (Elbe)|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 4th 1979|
|Place of death||Berlin|