University of Transportation

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Central building of today's Dresden University of Technology and Economics, formerly the University of Transport

The University of Transport (HfV) was named Friedrich List and was a university educational and research institution for all areas of transport in Dresden , which in 1992 was partially transferred to the Faculty of Transport Sciences at the TU Dresden .

It encompassed the areas of railways , motor transport / road transport , urban local transport / public transport , aviation , post and telecommunications / telecommunications , tourism , at times also maritime and inland waterway transport and all disciplines of transport sciences (economics of transport and communications / traffic economics , traffic engineering , traffic engineering , Transport engineering ).

The HfV was mainly concentrated on two locations in the Dresden Südvorstadt , which were only about one kilometer apart: The building on Hettnerstrasse at Fritz-Foerster-Platz is today the Gerhart-Potthoff-Building of the TU Dresden. In the building complex at the Friedrich-List-Platz in the immediate vicinity of Dresden's main station which is now University of Applied Sciences Dresden housed.


On October 29, 1949, the Faculty of Economics and Transport Sciences was founded at the Technical University of Dresden . At the beginning of 1950 the two disciplines were separated and a pure faculty for traffic sciences was founded under the dean's office of the then Minister of Transport Hans Reingruber with initially three institutes or chairs.

In the winter semester of 1950/1951, 60 students in the 1st to 3rd year of study began to train in traffic according to a new curriculum for traffic engineers. The eight-semester course, followed by an engineering internship and a diploma phase, integrated content from the humanities, economics, engineering and natural sciences (including mathematics).

At the beginning of the spring semester of 1951/1952, the Department of Transportation Engineering was founded under Gerhart Potthoff , which was to have a decisive influence on the development of transportation science in Dresden. In addition, chairs for transport policy, transport economics, transport planning and transport machine technology were established.

The first university building on Hettnerstrasse (today Gerhart-Potthof-Bau of the TU Dresden) after its completion in 1952.
Construction work on the central institute building of the HfV at the main train station (approx. 1955)

In the course of this expansion, new rooms were required, for which the foundation stone was laid on Hettnerstrasse on April 20, 1951. In April 1952 the first part of the building was opened. This building, known as University Building I , initially served around 300 students.

Ordinance and first implementing ordinance on the establishment of the HfV of March 6, 1952

The university was founded by resolution of the GDR Council of Ministers with the ordinance on the formation of a university for transport of March 6, 1952 and announced in the legal gazette of the German Democratic Republic of March 18, 1952.

The ordinance came into effect on April 1, 1952. The university was directly subordinate to the Ministry of Transport of the GDR. It comprised a faculty for traffic engineering, at which graduate engineers of numerous subjects were trained, as well as a faculty for traffic economics, at which graduated economists were trained for traffic economics.

The library of the University of Transport "Friedrich List" comprised an initial inventory of 38,000 volumes. It rose to 70,000 volumes by 1958. The library held around 675 magazines at that time.

The HfV was considered the only university to be founded in the GDR . The then transport minister of the GDR, Hans Reingruber, played a special role in the establishment of the university . With Gerhart Potthoff , the transport science location Dresden received its typical scientific profile (Dresden School of Transport Technology), in particular the complex and interdisciplinary scientific work in every mode of transport .

On August 31, 1952, the faculty for traffic sciences of the TH Dresden was dissolved. Teachers and students continued their studies at the University of Transportation, which opened on September 8, 1952. Teaching began on September 15, 1952. 288 students were newly enrolled, 57 former students of the TH Dresden continued their education at the HfV. Around 97 percent of the students were members of the university's own group, the Free German Youth . Distance learning began in 1954 . At the end of the 1950s, more than half of the students were housed in the eight university dormitories.

In addition to successfully completing secondary school or evening school or a workers 'and farmers' faculty, the admission requirements included "active social participation in the development of the German Democratic Republic". All applicants had to prove that they had worked for at least one year before starting their studies; Applicants without such a background were pre-enrolled and assigned to a job. Applicants for all areas of specialization in the railway sector also had to prove their physical suitability through a medical examination. An admissions committee made up of representatives from the faculties, social organizations, the ministry and the general public decided on admission.

Students on the university campus on Hettnerstrasse (1959)

In the 1950s, three faculties developed within the HfV:

  • the Faculty of Transportation Engineering with the subjects of railway operations , railway machinery and railway safety and telecommunications technology
  • the Faculty of Transport Engineering, specializing in railway construction , road construction and hydraulic engineering
  • the Faculty of Economics of Transport and Communications with the fields of Economics of Transport and Economics of Post and Telecommunications .
West facade of the "Central Institute Building" with the main entrance. Today the HTW Dresden is located in the building .
In the middle of the picture the “central institute building” (south facade) and on the right edge of the picture the “seminar building”.

After the number of students had risen to around 2000 by the mid-1950s and the university was to grow to around 2500 students in its final state, a new site near Dresden Central Station was selected as the final location and construction of a building began. On April 8, 1954, the foundation stone was laid for this new building, which was designed by Richard Paulick . Further buildings were planned. The building complex comprised a seminar building and a central institute building . On the same day, the foundation stone for the technical college for railway engineering was laid.

In 1959 almost 2900 students studied at the university, which had 37 chairs and 9 lectureships. In addition to the buildings on Hettnerstrasse and the seminar building on Bayerischer Platz, individual departments, institutes and the industrial institute were housed in low-rise buildings on Schnorrstrasse and Uhlandstrasse. The university also had a cafeteria, a railway operation field , a kindergarten and a holiday home. The university later offered its members at least 36 vacation spots, with which about half of the vacation spot demand was satisfied.

Postage stamp from 1962 to mark ten years of the HfV.

With effect from January 16, 1962, the university was given the nickname “ Friedrich List ” in recognition of its services to teaching and research on the occasion of its 10th anniversary . Two years later, the Friedrich List monument was erected on its forecourt .

In 1963 a model railway system for teaching purposes was built on the top floor of the building.

Towards the end of the 1960s, three sections were formed in which seven courses were offered:

  • Transport and business administration with a degree in business administration / engineering economics
  • Vehicle technology with the degree courses in mechanical engineering and electrical engineering
  • Technical traffic cybernetics with the courses of study traffic engineering and electrical engineering as well
  • Transport engineering with a course of the same name.

On September 1, 1971, the Military Transport and Intelligence Section was established. It was converted into a faculty on April 11, 1972. Both were under military direction. In its first 15 years it produced more than 1,000 graduates in military transportation and military intelligence.

For the 25th anniversary of the university in 1977, more than 3,200 people studied at the HfV, including around 2,500 direct students, around 500 distance students and 130 foreign students from 15 countries. At that time, the university comprised 5 basic courses of study (economics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, transport engineering, civil engineering), 12 subject areas and an industrial institute . 113 professors and university lecturers and almost 500 lecturers taught at the university. Attached to the university was a library with 280,000 volumes and student dormitories with more than 2000 beds. Between 1952 and 1977 around 13,200 students graduated with the diploma. 810 had a doctorate in a branch of science (Dr. oec., Dr.-Ing.), 53 qualified as a doctor of science (Dr. sc. Oec., Dr. sc. Techn.).

On August 6, 1964, on the occasion of Friedrich List's 175th birthday, the Senate endowed the " Friedrich List Prize for Outstanding Scientific Achievements and High Social Activities by Students". In September 1978, the university awarded the Friedrich List Prize for the first time for outstanding performance in teaching and research.

Friedrich List Prize for services to the University of Transport

In 1983, practical cadres were offered preliminary courses for the acquisition of university entrance qualifications for the first time. By 1983 around 350 foreign students and 60 foreign doctoral students from over 30 countries had completed their studies. At that time, around 200 foreign students and aspirants attended the university.

By September 1986, 4,000 distance students had received a diploma.

By resolution of the Council of Ministers of the GDR on December 12, 1986, the engineering school for traffic engineering was integrated into the HfV on September 1, 1988.

The HfV was under the Ministry of Transport (MfV) of the GDR until 1990 and was, among other things, a training center for the Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR) and the Deutsche Post (DP).

Starting at the end of the 1970s, many of the professors currently active in the Faculty of Transportation Sciences studied at the HfV. B. Jochen Trinckauf (1975 to 1979), Arnd Stephan (1985 to 1990), Christian Lippold (1986 to 1991).

In the course of German reunification in 1990, the higher education landscape in East Germany was adapted to the educational system of the Federal Republic. The HfV thus passed into the area of ​​responsibility of the Free State of Saxony . The far-reaching structural changes in the early 1990s sparked extensive discussions about the continued existence of the HfV.

In October 1990, the university returned to the six faculties that had existed until 1967. In 1991 around 4,000 distance and direct students studied at the university, including 300 foreign students from 24 countries. Five diploma courses (business administration, traffic engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering and electrical engineering) were offered; Diploma courses in business informatics, economics, industrial engineering, security technology and physics were in preparation. In addition, parallel courses of study were in preparation.

The university recently had teaching buildings with 3,970 lecture and seminar spaces, a cafeteria and student dormitories with 2,450 spaces. The university library had 375,000 volumes and 1,400 specialist journals. In total, it produced around 22,000 diploma graduates, almost 1,700 doctoral candidates and around 225 habilitations. A new record was set in the history of the university with around 1,100 new students in the 1990/91 winter semester. In the second half of 1990 it generated a third of its costs through research contracts. A group of friends and sponsors campaigned for their preservation. With around 4,000 students, it was the fourth largest university in Saxony.

For the future of the university, three different scenarios were considered in autumn 1991:

  • The transfer of the university to a Friedrich List faculty for traffic sciences at the TU Dresden (including the outsourcing of some sub-areas to a newly established Dresden University of Applied Sciences) with five departments
  • The establishment of an independent transport university "Friedrich List" Dresden , which would have required an unconventional financing model (with support from the federal government and the European Community)
  • The establishment of a Friedrich List University in Dresden , structured according to the cooperative university model of the Free State of Bavaria. In addition to a university training program, which should be covered by faculties, several technical college courses (not relating to the transport sector) should be expanded.

The Science Council recommended due to overcapacity (particularly in engineering at Saxon universities), to transfer the HfV at the Technical University of Dresden, to strengthen the technical disciplines the university.

The university was dissolved by paragraphs 8 and 9 of the law on the structure of higher education and universities in the Free State of Saxony (Saxon University Structure Act) of April 10, 1992 with effect from September 30, 1992. The TU Dresden and the new University of Technology and Economics (HTW), which was being founded at the time, were commissioned to carry out this dissolution. Personnel and material were transferred to the University of Technology and Economics as well as to the new Faculty of Transport Sciences at the TU Dresden. All students enrolled at the HfV were granted the right to finish their studies according to the previously applicable regulations. For the study and examination regulations of these students, the HfV was legally valid until the end of their standard period of study . Most recently, the university had more than 1000 employees.

On the initiative of the TU Rector Günther Landgraf , the transport and university part of the university was retained and integrated into the TU Dresden as the Faculty of Transport Sciences "Friedrich List" by the founding dean Günter H. Hertel . The remaining facilities and structures (including the main building of the HfV in the immediate vicinity of Dresden Central Station ) were the core of a university of applied sciences founded in 1992, the Dresden University of Technology and Economics .

While individual parts such as the faculty for mathematics and natural sciences of the university were given up due to synergy effects within the TU Dresden, other chairs and institutes could be retained in association with other faculties of the TU. The Faculty of Transportation Science still has capacities in research and teaching for mechanical engineering, economics as well as electrical engineering and information technology, which work across faculties. The TU Dresden assigns the Faculty of Transportation Sciences to the group of engineering faculties. In addition to the right to award a doctorate as a “ doctoral engineer” (Dr.-Ing.), She also has the right to be awarded the degree “Doktor rerum politicarum” (Dr. rer. Pol.).

Scientific institutions

  • Transport Museum Dresden (1956–1958 in the HfV building, from 1958 in the Johanneum )
  • Geotechnical laboratory
  • Locomotive E 16 101
  • Data center in Hettnerstrasse. Equipment: 1967–1976 mainframe computer MINSK 22. 1976–1980 hybrid analog computer ADT 3000. From 1980 mainframe computer ES 1040. The HfV was connected to the scientific computer network “ Delta ”.
  • Traffic simulation laboratory from 1970
  • Integrated railway operations laboratory since October 10, 1963. Predecessor: training signal box (1946/47) and railway operations field.


Graduate badge for officers of the Military Transport and Communications Section, 1972
Postage stamp 1981, "Deutsche Post Training Centers".

Structure established in 1952

  • Faculty of Transport Economics (1952) / Faculty of Transport Economics
  • Faculty of Transportation Engineering (1952)
  • Faculty of Transportation Engineering (1953)

Structure in the 1970s / 1980s (transport science institutions)

  • Vehicle technology section
  • Military Transport and Intelligence Section
  • Communication technology section
  • Process automation section
  • Technical Traffic Cybernetics Section (later Transport Technology Section)
  • Transport and Business Administration Section
  • Transport Engineering Section

Structure in the year of dissolution in 1992 (transport science institutions)

  • Faculty of Economics and Transport
  • Faculty of Transportation Engineering and Logistics
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Vehicle Technology
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering and Transport Infrastructure
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Telecommunications and Process Automation
  • Institutions subordinate to the university management:
    • Institute for Transport Sociology and Ecology
    • Institute for Traffic Law, Public Law and Private Law
    • Institute for Economic, Technical and Transport History


Rectors of the HfV


  • Harald Kurz , Professorship for Industrial Transport (1962–1977), "Model Railway Professor",
  • Maximilian Miller , Prof. Dr. phil. habil., Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, (from 1955); also co-author of two chapters by Bronstein and Semendjajew
  • Gerhart Potthoff , professorship for operational engineering of transport (1950 TH Dresden, from 1952 HfV, until 1973), main work: traffic flow theory ,
  • Elfriede Rehbein , Professor of Transport History and Social Sciences (1958–1989), from 1954 to 1974 also director of the Dresden Transport Museum
  • Klaus-Jürgen Richter , professorship for transport statistics 1967–1992, then until 2000 TU Dresden
  • Siegfried Rüger , lecturer (1967–1977), associate professor (1977–1990), professor (1990–1992, then until 2000 TU Dresden), professorship for industrial engineering (later transport technology) in urban transport

Well-known alumni and students of the faculty

  • Günter Mittag , distance student, doctorate in 1958 as Dr. rer. oec.
  • Günter H. Hertel , student until 1971, research student until 1974, doctorate in 1974; Habilitation 1986; Founding Dean of the Faculty of Transport Science “Friedrich List” at the TU Dresden 1992–1994; Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. from 1992
  • Matthias Rößler , research student and assistant at the HfV; 1983 doctorate in engineering, since 2009 President of the Saxon State Parliament
  • Eberhard Kittler , student until 1977
  • Jochen Trinckauf , student from 1975 to 1979
  • Ingolf Roßberg , student from 1982 to 1987, research student from 1987 to 1990
  • Jörg Peter , student in the 1980s
  • Knut Ringat , student from 1980 to 1985
  • Ullrich Martin , student from 1984 to 1989
  • Jörn Pachl , student from 1984 to 1989
  • Arnd Stephan , student from 1985 to 1990
  • Christian Lippold , student from 1986 to 1991
  • Ekkehard Wendler , student from 1986 to 1991
  • Selim Idriss , student from 1984, doctorate in 1990
  • Siegfried Altmann , distance student (1960–1967) and scientist. Employee and senior assistant from 1960 to 1972, doctorate 1970, doctorate B (habilitation) 1977
  • Wolfgang Fratzscher , Science. Assistant (1956–1961) at the Chair of Thermodynamics, doctorate in 1959
  • Andreas Grund , 1981–86 student, since 2003 mayor of Neustrelitz
  • Olaf Drescher , student from 1990, since 2000 project manager of several major Deutsche Bahn projects

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n founding dean of the Faculty of Transport Science "Friedrich List", G. Hertel (Ed.): Festschrift for the foundation of the Faculty of Transport "Friedrich List" , pp. 15-29 .
  2. a b c d Chronicle of the University of Transport “Friedrich List” Dresden. Part 1: March 6, 1952 - August 13, 1961 . ( Scientific journal , ISSN  0043-6844 , special issue 5 ), pp. 7, 8, 10.
  3. a b c University of Transportation (ed.): Directions for newly enrolled students . Dresden, 1956, pp. 2, 7, 10.
  4. ^ A b Edgar Meier: 25 years of the "Friedrich List" University of Transport in Dresden . ISSN  0043-6844 , Volume 24 (1977), Issue 3, pp. 395-409.
  5. Law Gazette of the German Democratic Republic , ISSN  0232-5993 , No. 35, March 18, 1952, p. 215 f.
  6. 25 years University of Transport "Friedrich List" Dresden . 27-page commemorative publication, Dresden 1977, pp. 387–389.
  7. ^ A b University of Transportation: Instructions for studying at the University of Transportation in Dresden . Dresden, January 1958, pp. 4 f, 8.
  8. a b Werner Groß, Stefan Haufe, Dieter Preuß: CHRONICLE of the University of Transport "Friedrich List" Dresden 1977-1984 . Ed .: University of Transport "Friedrich List" (=  scientific journal . Special issue 20). 1985, ISSN  0043-6844 , pp. 6 f., 21, 39 .
  9. a b c d University of Transportation (ed.): University of Transportation Dresden , Dresden 1959, pp. 10, 13, 15, 18, 19–21.
  10. ^ A b University of Transport "Friedrich List" (Ed.): 1952 - 1962: University of Transport "Friedrich List" in Dresden . Dresden, 1962, pp. 22-25, 42-44.
  11. Angela Buchwald: "The toilet becomes a tool shed ..." . In: Dresdner Universitätsjournal , ZDB -ID 1149986-2 , 14/2012, 23rd year, p. 8 ( online as PDF ; 3.6 MB).
  12. Dieter Preuß, Siegfried Heinze, Gerhard Rehbein (eds.): CHRONICLE of the University of Transport “Friedrich List” Dresden 1961-1971 . (University of Transport "Friedrich List" (ed.): Scientific journal , special issue 16), ISSN  0043-6844 , p. 21 f.
  13. If things go too smoothly, the technicians install breakdowns . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , March 2, 1995, No. 52, p. 11.
  14. Werner Groß, Steffen Haufe, Dieter Preuß (eds.): CHRONICLE of the University of Transport "Friedrich List" Dresden 1971-1977 . (University of Transportation “Friedrich List” (ed.): Scientific journal , special issue 19), ISSN  0043-6844 , pp. 5, 12.
  15. a b c d Dieter Preuss, Falk-Rainer Fries: CHRONICLE of the University of Transport "Friedrich List" Dresden. Part V: January 1985-December 1987 . Ed .: University of Transport "Friedrich List" (=  scientific journal . Special issue 39). 1988, ISSN  0043-6844 , p. 37, 40, 42, 50 .
  16. History of the University of Transport “Friedrich List” Dresden (outline) (PDF, 54.6 kB), University Archives of the Technical University of Dresden - Retrieved on February 27, 2017.
  17. ^ Edgar Meier: 30 years of the "Friedrich List" University of Transport in Dresden . ISSN  0043-6844 , Volume 30 (1983), Issue 2, pp. 249-255.
  18. a b c d e f The future of the unique transport science potential in Dresden: Three decision alternatives . Dresden, October 8, 1991, pp. 6, 7, 19 ff.
  19. University of Transport "Friedrich List" Dresden . Brochure, approx. 1990 (signature 1997 4 001344 at the SLUB Dresden ).
  20. Technical University of Dresden, Faculty of Transport Science "Friedrich List" (Ed.): Faculty of Transport Science "Friedrich List" . Dresden, 1994, pp. 2, 3.
  21. ^ A b Saxon Law Gazette - Law on the structure of higher education and universities in the Free State of Saxony of April 10, 1992.
  22. Faculty of Transport Science "Friedrich List" at the new TU Dresden . In: Deutsche Bahn . ZDB -ID 1111314-5 , issue 11/1992, p. 1296 f.
  23. Scientific institutions ( Memento from April 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ).

Web links

Commons : School of Transportation  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 51 ° 2 ′ 13 "  N , 13 ° 44 ′ 7.8"  E