The traffic engineering (including transport system management ) is a scientific field of Transportation Sciences , devoted to the management and the organizational, technological and technical management of transport systems , especially in public transport , is concerned (see. Modes of transport ).
The Traffic Engineering was established in the mid-20th century in addition to construction-oriented traffic engineering as well as for business and national economy-oriented Transport Economics . The subject of work in traffic engineering is thus in particular traffic management technology . The department acts as an interface between the various technical areas.
The task of the traffic engineer is to design the interaction of the subsystems vehicles, infrastructure and route safety of a mode of transport (in the case of air traffic, for example aircraft, airfields, navigation as well as flight guidance and security) in such a way that a certain transport task under given conditions over the entire useful life of a Means of transport with maximum traffic safety, optimal economy and minimal environmental impact is met. The main focus of the traffic engineer is on the result of the overall system and the overall process, while the development engineer and design engineer primarily optimizes subsystems and subprocesses. Depending on their specialization, traffic engineers work tailored to the individual modes of transport (e.g. as rail engineers) or intermodally . As a public good, transport and mobility are shaped by political processes and levels and present transport engineers with the challenge of acting on a political level (see Stuttgart 21 ) and presenting technical contexts in an understandable manner in order to make the modes of transport more efficient in economic, ecological and ecological terms within the framework of a sustainable transport policy use in social terms.
Other work areas:
- For traffic operation technology planning and implementation is part of the operation of transport. The traffic management should thus enable optimal traffic flows.
- Transport logistics includes planning and implementation measures as well as instruments for creating an optimal flow of traffic within the scope of the service creation process. Transport logistics , in particular , which deals with traffic between different locations within a logistics network , is one of the tasks of a traffic engineer.
- The task of traffic planning is to ensure the optimal design of traffic systems and routes, taking into account qualitative and quantitative requirements for the economy, performance and safety of traffic processes for present and future generations.
- The traffic safety system guarantees safety in the traffic system , i.e. a risk-free and accident-free traffic flow.
- The transport telematics provides information and communication systems for the needs of traffic monitoring and coordination and control, and safety of transport systems ago.
The training to become a traffic engineer usually takes place within the framework of an engineering university degree in civil engineering , mechanical engineering (in particular vehicle technology and mechanical engineering ) and spatial or urban planning ; each with the corresponding major (e.g. transport planning and technology ) and, if necessary, a further degree in transport .
Exceptions in the German-speaking area were the Technical Universities of Berlin and Dresden . For example, the TU Berlin offers an undergraduate degree in Transportation ( B.Sc. ) and a consecutive degree in Planning and Operations in Transportation ( M.Sc. or Dipl.-Ing. In the former diploma course of the same name ). The ten-semester diploma course traffic engineering (Dipl.-Ing.) Has existed at the TU Dresden since 1952 (at that time as an independent university for transport ).
In the course of the Bologna Process , bachelor's and master's degree programs were also created at other university locations that are oriented towards training as a traffic engineer, e.g. B. Transport Engineering and Mobility (B./M.Sc.) At RWTH Aachen University , and Transport Engineering (B./M.Sc.) At TU Braunschweig and the University of Stuttgart . The five universities mentioned above are also members of the TU9 German Institutes of Technology university association and recognize their degrees from one another without restrictions, so that a change of university (e.g. between bachelor's and master's degree) is basically possible and only individual modules may have to be made up, in case the profiles differ.
In addition, there is a degree in Railway Systems Engineering (M.Sc.) at the TU Dresden and the degree in Logistics and Mobility (B.Sc.) or Logistics, Infrastructure and Mobility (M.Sc.) at the TU Hamburg . A bachelor's and master's degree in transportation engineering (B./M.Sc.) Can be taken at the University of Wuppertal . With the Technical Logistics (M.Sc.) course, the University of Duisburg-Essen also offers engineering courses that are part of the interdisciplinary Center for Logistics and Transport (ZLV) with the Chair for Transport Systems and Logistics.
In addition, thanks to the increasing demand for experts in traffic and mobility issues, there is now the option of studying traffic engineering at universities of applied sciences , such as B. in the bachelor's degree in traffic and transport engineering ( B.Eng. ) At the FH Erfurt as well as in the master's degree in urban mobility (traffic engineering) ( M.Eng. ) At the Faculty of civil engineering at the TH Nürnberg . The Association of German Transport Companies also offers a list of German universities offering courses in traffic engineering and other transport-specific courses.
- Faculty of Transportation and Machine Systems (TU Berlin)
- Homepage of the "Transport Engineering" course (TU Braunschweig)
- Faculty of Transport Science "Friedrich List" (TU Dresden)
- Department of Traffic and Transport (FH Erfurt)
- Homepage of the master’s course "Urban Mobility (Transport Engineering)" (TH Nürnberg)
- Homepage of the "Transport Engineering" course (University of Stuttgart)
- Definition of the TU Dresden http://www.ifl.tu-dresden.de/?dir=Professur/Geschichte ( Memento from April 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- RWTH Aachen University: Transport Engineering and Mobility B.Sc. - RWTH AACHEN UNIVERSITY - German. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- RWTH Aachen University: Transport Engineering and Mobility M.Sc. - RWTH AACHEN UNIVERSITY - German. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- Traffic engineering @ TU Braunschweig. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- Traffic engineering | Degree in traffic engineering | University of Stuttgart. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- Office of the Dean's Office: TUHH - Studies - Courses offered - Bachelor courses - Logistics and mobility. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- Office of the Dean's Office: TUHH - Studies - Degree programs - Master’s courses - Logistics, infrastructure and mobility. Retrieved May 8, 2018 .
- Master's degree in technical logistics. Retrieved July 23, 2020 .
- ZLV home page. Retrieved July 23, 2020 .
- Bachelor and master courses listed at VDV http://vdv-karriere.de/index.php?id=bachelor_studiengaenge_verkehr ( Memento from February 1, 2014 in the Internet Archive )