A transport system contains all structural components that are required to move people or goods over long distances. Conversely, conveyor systems are used for shorter distances . A transport system comprises the transport infrastructure with the necessary means of transport and control systems for their coordination. The activities that cause the traffic are part of the transport system, as are the facilities that organize the transport process. The people and goods transported are also part of the transport system.
The demarcation of transport systems can e.g. B. according to the means of transport used, each of which requires certain transport routes :
- Road transport : motor transport → road
- Rail transport , e.g. B .:
- Shipping traffic : ship → waterway
- Air transport : airplane → air corridor
- Traffic on conveyor belts , treadmills or moving walks
Further differentiation criteria result in:
- according to the distances to be overcome: long-distance and local transport systems
- for public transport systems: S-Bahn , U-Bahn , light rail , trolleybus , city bus systems
The system character is more or less recognizable. Modern city bus systems in medium- sized cities show it particularly clearly on a small scale through the often used rendezvous concept at a bus meeting point.
About the traffic telematics transport systems can be connected by information technology or coordinated.
- Junction (traffic) (traffic junction)
- Transport engineering
- Transportation Science
- Mode of transport
- Conveyor system
- Helmut Nuhn, Markus Hesse: Verkehrsgeographie . Schöningh, Paderborn [a. a.] 2006, ISBN 3-8252-2687-5 , p. 20