Transport infrastructure comprises the infrastructure of transport . It concerns institutional and organizational aspects within or between transport systems . Their sub-elements are u. a. Traffic routes , associated control systems and handling facilities and planning process, control forms and legal control systems such as the Highway Code . The transport systems of road transport , rail transport , air transport (including airport infrastructure ) and shipping are dependent on an infrastructure .
A “good” transport infrastructure is seen as a central economic location factor . Regions should be connected to national transport networks accordingly. In Western Europe it is considered to be relatively well developed. In regions that are difficult to reach, the expansion of the transport infrastructure leads to relatively clear positive effects. At the same time, the marginal utility of further measures becomes lower after a certain expansion stage. Locally oriented experts often see the transport infrastructure as more important than scientifically justified.
- Helmut Nuhn, Markus Hesse: Verkehrsgeographie . Schöningh, Paderborn [a. a.] 2006, ISBN 3-8252-2687-5 , p. 20
- Helmut Nuhn, Markus Hesse: Verkehrsgeographie . Schöningh, Paderborn [a. a.] 2006, ISBN 3-8252-2687-5 , p. 306
- German Institute for Economic Research: "Transport infrastructure: maintaining substance requires significantly higher investments" (weekly report No. 26/2013 of June 26, 2013; PDF; 160 kB)