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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Liebenburg
Map of Germany, position of the municipality of Liebenburg highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 1 ′  N , 10 ° 26 ′  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Goslar
Height : 128 m above sea level NHN
Area : 78.37 km 2
Residents: 7793 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 99 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 38704
Area code : 05346
License plate : GS, BRL, CLZ
Community key : 03 1 53 008
Community structure: 10 districts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Schäferwiese 15
38704 Liebenburg
Website :
Mayor : Alf Hesse ( SPD )
Location of the community Liebenburg in the district of Goslar
Clausthal-Zellerfeld Braunlage Clausthal-Zellerfeld Clausthal-Zellerfeld Lutter am Barenberge Wallmoden Lutter am Barenberge Hahausen Seesen Liebenburg Langelsheim Goslar Goslar Braunlage Braunlage Bad Harzburg Langelsheim Clausthal-Zellerfeld Landkreis Goslar Niedersachsen Landkreis Wolfenbüttel Salzgitter Landkreis Wolfenbüttel Landkreis Hildesheim Landkreis Northeim Landkreis Göttingen Thüringen Sachsen-Anhalt gemeindefreies Gebiet Harzmap
About this picture
View of Liebenburg

Liebenburg is a municipality in the Goslar district in Lower Saxony .


Geographical location

Liebenburg is located on the eastern edge of the southern Salzgitter ridge in the northern Harz foreland between Salzgitter-Bad and Schladen-Werla on the 210 m high Burgberg. The Stobenbergbach, a tributary of the Warne, flows through the village . The closest cities are Goslar , Salzgitter and Wolfenbüttel .

Neighboring communities

The municipality of Liebenburg borders in the north on the city of Salzgitter, in the east on the municipality Schladen-Werla , in the south on the city of Goslar, in the southwest on the city of Langelsheim and in the west on the Lutter am Barenberge community .

Community structure

Neuenkirchen (Liebenburg) Ostharingen Heißum Upen Klein Mahner Dörnten Döhren (Liebenburg) Othfresen



Front entrance to the municipal administration

The heavily destroyed "Chamber of the Central German Type" of Liebenburg, excavated by Alfred Tode, is only a few kilometers northeast of the gallery grave of Bredelem .

The establishment of Liebenburg can be traced back to the settlement of construction workers, day laborers and craftsmen who settled in the second half of the 17th century below Liebenburg Castle , which was built around 1292 and was in ruins . The resulting place was called " Burg Freiheit Liebenburg". The Amtshof, today's domain , was the only farm.

The residents of Liebenburg were predominantly of the Catholic faith. The sovereign, the Bishop of Hildesheim , promoted the settlement of Catholic families. There has been a Catholic parish with its own cemetery since 1666. The Evangelical Lutheran residents of Liebenburg were also buried here until 1807.

Even today, the development of the place is supported by the private neurosurgery and care clinic founded in 1882. Fontheim, which with its various open and closed psychiatric wards takes up part of the area, as well as through the merger with the village of Lewe in 1937 .

The area of ​​today's municipality belonged to the Kingdom of Hanover or the Prussian Province of Hanover since the 19th century . The only exception was Ostharingen, a Brunswick exclave . In 1941 the Hanoverian towns with the entire district of Goslar were incorporated into the state of Braunschweig, which was incorporated into Lower Saxony in 1946.


On July 1, 1972, the communities Dörnten, Groß Döhren, Heißum, Klein Döhren, Klein Mahner, Neuenkirchen, Ostharingen, Othfresen and Upen were incorporated.

Population development

Population development in Liebenburg from 1821 to 2017 according to the table below
year Residents
1821 4464
1848 5710
1871 5737
1885 5727
1905 6535
1925 6375
year Residents
1933 6.167
1939 8.206
1946 13.208
1950 13,700
1956 12,279
1961 11,687
year Residents
1968 11,143
1970 10,982
1975 10,405
1980 9,851
1985 9,502
1990 9,655
year Residents
1995 9803
2000 9693
2005 9431
2010 8777
2015 8059
2017 7942

(from 1968 as of December 31st)


Liebenburg is the seat of the Catholic parish of St. Mary of the Annunciation , it belongs to the pastoral area of Goslar in the Deanery Goslar-Salzgitter. The services take place in the castle church of the Annunciation .

The St. Theresienstift am Burgberg was a Catholic nursing home for the elderly, sponsored by the Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincent de Paul (Vincentians) in Hildesheim. There is a chapel on the east side of the home. In 2013 the last nuns left Liebenburg due to a lack of young people, the Theresienstift was closed for economic reasons.

The Evangelical Lutheran St. Trinity Church , located between Martin-Luther-Strasse and Lewer Strasse, belongs to the Goslar Provostry. The parish also includes the kindergarten on the Schäferwiese and the cemetery on the eastern edge of the village.


Local council election 2016
Turnout: 57.58% (2011: 57.04%)
n. k.
n. k.
Rehberg g
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
-3.57  % p.p.
-3.16  % p.p.
+ 9.44  % p.p.
-2.59  % p
+ 3.79  % p.p.
+0.06  % p
+ 2.11  % p
-4.47  % p.p.
-1.62  % p
Rehberg g
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
g single applicant Rehberg


The council of the Liebenburg community consists of 22 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 8,001 and 9,000. The 22 council members are elected for five years each by local elections. The current term of office begins on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor Alf Hesse (SPD) is also entitled to vote in the council of the municipality.

Distribution of seats in the municipal council
A total of 22 seats

After the local elections on September 11, 2016, the council will be composed as follows:


Alf Hesse (SPD) has been the full-time mayor since October 1, 2013. In the election on September 22, 2013, he received 57.6 percent of the votes cast. He succeeds Hubert Spaniol (SPD), who had been in office since 1996.

Local council

Local council election 2016
Turnout: 51.86%
Distribution of seats in the Liebenburg local council
A total of 7 seats

In addition to a municipal council, there is also a local council that is only responsible for the Liebenburg district in the municipality of the same name. After the local elections on September 11, 2016, it consists of seven councilors and councilors (changes compared to 2011).

  • SPD : 4 seats (± 0)
  • CDU : 2 seats (−1)
  • FDP : 1 seat (+1)

Local Mayor

Lieselotte Holzhauer (SPD) is the local mayor of the Liebenburg district.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the community of Liebenburg

The coat of arms was approved on May 31, 1974. The coat of arms was designed by the graphic artist and heraldist Philipp Schmidt from Vienenburg.

With the ten-pass rosette, all connected places are to be represented equally by means of a number symbolism. The tightly stylized castle represents the Liebenburg, which was built around 1292 by Bishop Siegfried II of Hildesheim as a bulwark against the Brunswick dukes. The Liebenburg gave its name to both the actual place and today's large community.

Coat of arms of the village of Liebenburg

The former municipal coat of arms and today's local coat of arms was approved on October 17, 1960. The coat of arms was designed by the graphic artist and heraldist Philipp Schmidt from Vienenburg.

The castle silhouette with the three water lily leaves is reminiscent of the village of Lievethe , which has been known since 1131 , later called Lewe - an even older settlement, which in turn gave the castle its name. In addition to the settlement that had grown around the castle, the village of Lewe continued to exist and was only united with Liebenburg in 1937.


Liebenburg maintains partnerships with Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer in Normandy (France) and Friedrichsbrunn (City of Thale ) in Saxony-Anhalt.

Culture and sights

Sculpture in the sculpture park on the castle hill

In the terraced grounds of the castle park on the castle hill there is a sculpture park , which the artist Gerd Winner , who lives in Liebenburg , was involved in creating . The sculptures are made of Salzgitter steel .

The voluntary cultural association Lewer Däle Liebenburg eV organizes music, art, theater and cabaret events, which mainly take place in the meeting place "Lewer Däle", a parsonage from the 19th century. Every year in April, the cherry blossom festival is held there.

Liebenburg is of some importance in the history of artistic puppetry . After the war, the writer Rudolf Otto Wiemer founded the Liebenburg puppet shows here . Wiemer's Liebenburger Nativity Play was a popular play material , especially in amateur play circles.

In the towns of Groß Döhren, Neuenkirchen and Othfresen there are local museums that can be visited by appointment.

South of Klein Mahner on a prominent hill is the (severely disturbed) megalithic complex on the Hillah ( Central German Chamber of Liebenburg ).

The mineral water outdoor pool has a 50 m sports pool, a non-swimmer pool, a paddling pool, a diving platform up to 5 m high with a diving pool, a mini golf course and a beach volleyball facility. Part of the Salzgitter golf course is located in the north of the Liebenburg municipality.

The museum association Dampflok-Gemeinschaft 41 096 eV in the Klein Mahner district regularly runs steam locomotives as well as handcar days on the Warnetalbahn .

The Schroederstollen , a former mine tunnel near Klein Döhren, has been exposed and restored by a working group since 2006. Together with a rebuilt section of the narrow-gauge railway , a museum is to be created from this facility.


Liebenburg Castle with Castle Church
Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Trinity
Post mill Liebenburg 2012 before the fire

Liebenburg Castle

The Liebenburg was made around 1292 medieval castle . There was great destruction during the Thirty Years' War . In the course of time, the structure of the castle had deteriorated enormously, so that after 1750 large parts of the castle were demolished. Of the complex, only the Hausmannsturm on the northern level has been preserved, as well as the remains of two other wall towers of the outer bailey and some sections of the curtain wall . The Hausmannsturm was opened to the public again in October 1991 after a partial renovation.

Liebenburg Castle

The Baroque palace, which is now privately owned , with the Catholic Palace Church of the Annunciation was built by Prince-Bishop Clemens August , a Bavarian prince. For this purpose, the remains of the ruins of the Liebenburg that still existed were almost completely demolished between 1750 and 1754. For lack of money - the Seven Years' War had broken out - only the western part of the pleasure and hunting palace with the palace chapel could be completed by 1760 under Prince Bishop Clemens August. In 1766 the castle church, which was only restored after 1650 and renewed from 1710, was demolished, and the castle chapel was also a Catholic parish church.

Since the castle was built in 1292 by Bishop Siegfried II of Hildesheim, the Liebenburg settlement has been the seat of the administration and from 1381 the seat of the court . The officials of the office and the court were housed in the castle, at the beginning of the 18th century on the domain and then in the east wing of the Liebenburg Palace, which was completed in 1815. In 1885 the Liebenburg office was dissolved, and the court moved to Salzgitter in 1959 . There were originally two forest offices, one of which has been retained.

St. Trinity Church

In the old Lewe, on the eastern edge of today's town, is the church of St. Trinitatis , built in 1863 from bricks in neo-Gothic style according to plans by Conrad Wilhelm Hase ; the well-fortified church tower dates back to 1518. The rectory of the church was built in 1846. There is a chapel built in 1935 in the adjacent cemetery.

Former post mill

The historic Liebenburg post mill from the 19th century, once a symbol of the community, was destroyed by fire in May 2012.


In Liebenburg there are several sports clubs that are mainly dedicated to popular sports. It will u. a. the classic field and indoor sports are offered. The "TSV Liebenburg" is a major sports club.

Economy and Infrastructure


The B 6 runs through the western municipality between Hildesheim and Goslar. The localities of the municipality are accessed by the L 500 and L 510. To the east, the Schladen-Nord motorway junction is located on the A 36 in the immediate vicinity.

The community has no rail connection. The nearest regional train stations are in Salzgitter-Bad, Salzgitter-Ringelheim, Schladen, Vienenburg and Goslar. The former stations of Othfresen and Dörnten on the Liebenburg municipal area on the Hildesheim – Goslar railway line are no longer served, but there have been considerations for many years to set up another stop in Othfresen. There is only occasional museum traffic on the Börßum – Salzgitter-Bad ( Warnetalbahn ) line to the north, and Klein Mahner station is accordingly no longer served by passenger services.

The towns of Liebenburg and the neighboring towns of Salzgitter and Goslar can be reached every hour with the Regionalbus Braunschweig GmbH buses .


Liebenburg has two primary schools:

  • Elementary school Liebenburg
  • Othfresen primary school

A secondary school, the Schule am Schloss, is housed in the Liebenburg school center as a secondary, general education school.


Personalities who have worked in the church

Personalities born in the church


  • Matthias Blazek: Genealogy on villages in the northern Vorharz - Catharine Marie Busch and Johann Heinrich Struve got engaged on September 22nd, 1757 , in: Unser Harz - Zeitschrift für Heimatgeschichte, Customs und Natur , 6/2010, p. 115 ff.

Web links

Commons : Liebenburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Population statistics of the community of Liebenburg - as of May 1, 2018
  3. Hannoversche Geschichtsblätter, Volume 19-22, ed. from Historical Association for Lower Saxony, Theodor Schulzes Buchhandlung, Hanover 1965, p. 105.
  4. Ordinance on territorial adjustments in the area of ​​the Hermann-Göring-Werke Salzgitter
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 270 .
  6. State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony. Retrieved May 19, 2013 .
  7. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from October 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. ^ St. Theresienstift Liebenburg: There is someone interested ( Memento from October 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  9. ^ Website of the communal data processing in Oldenburg , accessed on September 30, 2016.
  10. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of Members , accessed on February 7, 2015
  11. ^ Website of the communal data processing in Oldenburg , accessed on September 30, 2016
  12. ^ Composition of the Liebenburg local council (website of the Liebenburg community) , accessed on May 30, 2017.
  13. Liebenburg website , accessed on June 8, 2017