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A Burgmannshof or Burgmannenhof or Burgmannenhaus was created by the respective lord of the castle or sovereign in cities with a fortress character on or next to larger castles of the high nobility or royal castles as the residence of a low-nobility Burgmann or a Burgmann family. The courtyards were often in a baileyor in the city near the city fortifications. Sometimes they were used for defense purposes themselves. Often several Burgmannenhöfe of different families were settled in a separate city quarter for the castle people - with special jurisdiction. In some places only local names that have been handed down to us are reminiscent of the Burgmannensitz, so in Glauchau the name "Wehrdigt" (with the Wehrstraße) for the area under the former Glauchau Castle has been preserved to this day.


The Burgmannen were among the ministerials , that is, they were subject to court keeping and administration, and they were drawn to defense and war services. In part, they were also responsible for holding the “ court days ” in the city. The lower nobility emerged from the ministerials . For their achievements and services in the property management of their masters as well as in their knight armies , they received a service property or fief , which they could then freely dispose of and bequeath over time. The Burgmannshöfe retained their aristocratic freedom from all urban burdens into the 19th century , even if they had already come into the possession of bourgeois families. The buildings that are still called Burgmannshöfe today are, however, often only successor buildings from the period after the Middle Ages, to which, however, these rights were attached.


Castles with remains of Burgmann's seats are:

Burgmannenhäuser are among others:

Places with Burgmannshöfen are in particular:

See also


  • Thomas Biller: Burgmann seats in castles in Germany . In: Ettel, Peter (ed.): La Basse-cour: actes du colloque international de Maynooth (Irlande), 23-30 août 2002 (Château Gaillard; 21). Caen 2004, pp. 7-16. Full text online on Art-Doc