|Height :||50 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||28.55 km²|
|Residents :||3067 (2012)|
|Population density :||107 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st July 1969|
|Postal code :||48619|
|Area code :||02568|
The small town in Westmünsterland attracted particular interest at the end of the 1980s. In the peasantry Wext belonging to Nienborg, one was during fieldwork county grave graveyard exposed the already pointing to a settlement long before the birth of Christ and this also occupied.
In 1198 the Landesburg Nienborg was built by Prince-Bishop Hermann II von Katzenelnbogen as "castrum novum" (Latin: new castle ) on the Bedinghoff bishopric -Münster table estate in the parish of Heek . The founding of Nienborg is dated to this year. In 1256 it was called Nyenborch . The first written mention of the village Nienborg took place in 1308. The castle consisted of two parts, an upper and a lower castle. The upper complex is mentioned in a document in 1311 and was probably the main castle; the oval lower castle was connected to this by a fortification.
The castle was destroyed in the Spanish-Dutch War in 1593 but rebuilt around 1600 before it fell into disrepair in the 17th century. At the beginning of the 18th century the castle belonged to Gut Haus Bevern . Only three Burgmannenhäuser, Hohes Haus , Langes Haus and Keppelborg as well as the gatehouse and remains of the Romanesque curtain wall are preserved from the former Landesburg .
The castle was occupied by episcopal castle men. These established residences on the area. Behind the up to 10 m high walls there was space for over 30 Burgmannshöfe . Since the 15th century the castle lost its strategic importance as a safeguard of the trade route from Münster to Deventer . In 1765 it was decreed that all dilapidated parts of the castle should be laid down for security reasons; In 1812 the Corpus Burgmannorum was officially dissolved.
Only three of the Burgmannshöfe have survived : Hohes Haus , Langes Haus and Keppel's Burgmannshof, the so-called Keppelborg . It was built as a two-wing structure in the course of the old castle wall. The older part of the building consists of a two-story mansion with a basement, while the younger part was the service wing. The core of the building dates from the 15th or 16th century. The owners were the von Sasse and von Münster families, from 1560 by marriage to von Keppel and from 1729 by inheritance to von Heyden , from whom the current owners from the court inherited it.
Two marriage coats of arms indicate renovations in the 18th century: The alliance coat of arms above the gate of the farm wing from the 18th century shows the coats of arms of Keppel and Schwansbell ; the other coat of arms on the narrow wall to the west is dated 1702 and also bears the coats of arms of Keppel and Schwansbell; they come from Dieterich Otto von Keppel and his second wife Chatarina Alexandrina von Schwansbell. Another indication of extensive construction work is the inscription formed from the wall anchor on the southern outer wall: "AO 1702". During this time the gables were probably removed and replaced with a hipped roof. The castle wall, still visible on the west side, was restored in 1962.
Remains of Nienborg Castle and its Burgmannshöfe:
Nienborg has been the seat of the North Rhine-Westphalia State Music Academy since 1989 and can look back on a long history as a state castle. Only a few castle houses and the historic castle gate, which can also be found in the municipal coat of arms, are preserved. In 1998 Nienborg celebrated its 800th anniversary.
The largest club in town, the SC Rot Weiß Nienborg 1923 e. V., have around 1,400 members (as of January 2007). In the soccer department of SC Rot Weiß Nienborg alone, three senior and 16 youth teams (as of September 2015) take part in matches.
With the watermill and the old castle grounds, Nienborg offers its visitors historic buildings, some of which are subject to modern use. Guided tours through the place are offered by the Heimatverein Nienborg.
Well-known sons and daughters
- Johannes Kridt (16th century), auxiliary bishop in Münster
- Nicolaus Schaten (born May 6, 1608), Jesuit and historian
- Felix Uppenkamp (born April 25, 1881), provost of St. Lamberti in Münster and supporter of Clemens August Graf von Galen
- Martin Lammers (born December 22, 1939), Catholic bishop, emeritus prelate of Óbidos in Brazil
- Aloys Nacke: Nienborg ( Westfälische Kunststätten , issue 34). Westfälischer Heimatbund, Münster 1984.
- Hubert Steinweg: 800 years of Nienborg castle and village . In: Westmünsterland. Yearbook of the Borken district , 1998, pp. 67–69.
- Documents from the Loburg Castle archive with holdings on Nienborg and Horstmar / digital Westphalian document database (DWUD)
- Nienborg in the Westphalian Cultural Atlas
- Hubert Steinweg: 800 years of Nienborg Castle and Village . In: Westmünsterland. Yearbook of the district of Borken , year 1998, pp. 67–69, here p. 68.
- Hubert Steinweg: 800 years of Nienborg Castle and Village . In: Westmünsterland. Yearbook of the district of Borken , vol. 1998, pp. 67–69, here p. 67.
- site Keppelborg
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 94 .