Volvo Construction Equipment
|Volvo Construction Equipment
|Seat||Gothenburg , Sweden|
|management||Melker Jernberg (CEO)|
|Number of employees||over 14000|
|sales||84,238 million SEK|
|Branch||Construction machinery manufacturer|
|Website||Volvo Construction Equipment|
Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE for short) is one of the largest construction machinery manufacturers in the world and claims to be the largest producer of articulated dump trucks and wheel loaders . Volvo CE is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Swedish Volvo group.
1832 to 1950: the forerunners Munktell and Bolinder
In 1832 the Swede Johan Theofron Munktell founded the Munktells Mekaniska Verkstad , which manufactured products for industry, agriculture and infrastructure expansion from 1839. Munktell's company was responsible for several technical milestones in the following years. In 1847, for example, he built his first steam engine and six years later presented Sweden's first steam locomotive, which paved the way for further use of steam engines in the industrial sector. Sweden's first internal combustion engine-powered tractor was manufactured in 1913. Construction machinery was already being dealt with in 1906 in the form of steam-powered road rollers .
Twelve years after Munktell's company was founded, the brothers Jean and Carl Gerhard Bolinder started a foundry in 1845 and offered u. a. also the execution of various machine work. In 1893, Bolinders Mekaniska Verkstad developed Sweden's first internal combustion engine.
In 1932 the two companies founded by Munktell and Bolinder merged to form AB Bolinder-Munktell . During the Second World War, the focus was on the production of aircraft engines, tractors and bulldozers for the Swedish army. After the war, Bolinder-Munktell saw an increasing demand for machines, especially for the construction sector, and cooperated with Volvo, which was founded in 1927 by Assar Gabrielson and Gustaf Larson.
1950 to 1980: Volvo leads Sweden's construction machinery industry
In 1950, Volvo took over Bolinder-Munktell and changed its name to BM-Volvo, later Volvo BM.
Based on the Bolinder-Munktell tractor BM35, the first Volvo wheel loader was created in 1954 under the type designation H10, which was powered by a 35 hp 3-cylinder diesel engine.
In 1966, Volvo presented the concept of the articulated dump truck in the form of the two-axle type DR631 for the first time. According to its own statement, Volvo is now the largest manufacturer of these vehicles; in 2006, the 50,000 vehicles rolled out of the factory in Bråas.
Special attention has always been paid to the topic of security, which u. a. through the introduction of driver's cabs with integrated rollover protection and protection against falling objects in 1972.
1980 to today: internationalization
1985 was created by a collaboration between AB Volvo and the Clark Equipment Company , the company VME, whose name is an abbreviation for the combined under this roof construction machinery manufacturer Volvo, Michigan and Euclid is. Both companies each held 50% of VME until Volvo took over all of Clark's shares in 1995 and renamed the construction machinery division to Volvo Construction Equipment.
The further course of the company's history has been characterized by numerous takeovers since the 1980s, through which Volvo was able to establish itself as one of the largest manufacturers in the industry.
In 1982 the Swedish heavy vehicle manufacturer Kockum Landswerk was taken over. In 1990 Volvo acquired a 25.1% stake in the German wheel loader manufacturer Zettelmeyer . In 1991, the production program was expanded to include hydraulic excavators from the Åkerman brand and Zettelmeyer was completely taken over. In 1995 Volvo acquired the French compact excavator manufacturer Pel-Job, in 1997 the grader production of the Canadian Champion Road Machinery Limited for 173 million $. In 1998, Volvo CE acquired Samsung Heavy Industries , after which the Åkerman excavators were discontinued. In 2007, the road construction machinery division of Ingersoll Rand (including the former ABG Allgemeine Baumaschinen-Gesellschaft in Hameln / Germany) is taken over. In addition, Volvo CE took over 70% of the Chinese construction machinery manufacturer Shandong Lingong Construction Machinery Co., Ltd (SDLG).
After Volvo had been offering articulated, all-wheel drive backhoe loaders since the 1970s and 1980s, which were manufactured by the Swedish company Huddig , the program has included machines developed in-house since 2002, which are designed in France and manufactured in Poland.
At the beginning of 2010, Volvo and the British construction machinery manufacturer JCB signed an agreement, as a result of which JCB will manufacture skid steer loaders for Volvo in the future. Production of Volvo's own skid steer loaders in Pedernairas, Brazil, is discontinued in favor of JCB machines.
The production of the Volvo graders at the Canadian plant in Goderich (formerly Champion) was relocated to Shippensburg in 2010 in order to bundle the activities of the road construction machinery division there. As part of further consolidation in North America, the plant in Asheville , USA, was closed and production of the machine types previously manufactured there, such as excavators and wheel loaders , were relocated to the existing production facilities in Arvika , Sweden, and Changwon , South Korea.
In June 2014, Volvo CE completed the acquisition of Terex dump truck manufacturing . The production site in Motherwell, Scotland, as well as the product range comprising three articulated dump trucks and five rigid frame trucks will now belong to the Volvo Group. At the end of the year it was also announced that the development and production of backhoe loaders, graders and cold milling machines would be discontinued under the brand name Volvo. This measure involves the reduction of jobs at locations in France, the USA and Brazil and the closure of the backhoe loader plant in Wrocław , Poland . In the future, these products will be offered worldwide by SDLG.
In July 2020, Volvo sold asphalt paver maker Blaw-Knox to Gencor.
The following table contains an overview of the current production program of Volvo CE with the production and development locations of the various products (as of 2015).
|Machine type||Manufacturing site||Development location||image|
|Articulated dump trucks||
|Dump truck||Motherwell , United Kingdom||Motherwell, UK|
|Single drum rollers||
||No picture available|
- Volvo Construction Equipment History Track
- Volvo CE - Volvo Construction Equipment.
- Volvo CE history - Volvo Construction Equipment history site.
- This is Volvo CE , accessed August 20, 2019.
- http://www.huddig.se/Show/object.asp?oid=159 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Volvo CE to move backhoe loaders and motor graders to SDLG in China to increase profitability , at www.volvoce.com , accessed January 3, 2016
- Volvo CE sells Blaw-Knox pavers to Gencor. In: equipmentjournal.com. July 31, 2020, accessed on August 10, 2020 .
- Volvo CE Corporate Presentation 2015 , on www.volvoce.com ( Memento of the original from January 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 3, 2015