Roller hockey is a ball sport that is practiced on roller skates . Five players, one goalkeeper and four field players, play against each other and try - equipped with roller hockey sticks - to accommodate a small ball filled with cork in the opposing goal . The team that scores the most goals is the winner .
Roller hockey is traditionally played with classic roller skates . Inline skates have also been in use for a number of years. This enables other maneuvers than with roller skates. This primarily concerns the braking maneuvers and, derived from this, the faster changes in direction.
Unlike hockey during roller hockey both sides of the racket may be used.
There is a penalty area in front of both gates . Fouls within the penalty area are punished with a penalty for the opposing team. This also happens when the goalkeeper intentionally holds the ball. Minor rule violations are punished with a "team foul". If there are ten team fouls, the opposing team receives a penalty, then every fifth. Team fouls were introduced to take the harshness out of the game, before yellow cards were given. It is now easier for the referees to punish a foul.
In the event of a gross foul (including complaining), the player is penalized with a blue card and has to leave the field for two minutes, the team must play outnumbered for that long. In addition, the opposing team receives a penalty. If a goal is scored against the outnumbered team within the penalty time, they may play again with five men, with the exception of the punished player who has to serve his penalty. In the case of willful gross fouls, the player is punished with the red card and excluded from the game, his team must play four minutes short. Furthermore, the opposing team receives a penalty.
The actual playing time is 2 × 25 minutes, interrupted by a 10-minute break, in the school and youth area sometimes only 15 to 20 minutes are played per half.
In Germany there are several regional associations and the German Roller Sports and Inline Association (DRIV) as the umbrella organization, whose roller hockey sports commission coordinates the national leagues and German championships. The stronghold of German roller hockey is North Rhine-Westphalia : seven of the nine teams participating in the 2019/20 Bundesliga season come from there.
The German men's record champion is the RESG Walsum with 16 titles so far. The German women's record champion is the RSC Cronenberg with ten titles. The German champion of the year 2020 is provided by SK Germania Herringen for men and IGR Remscheid for women .
The DRIV men's national team finished 4th at the 2014 European Championships in Oviedo (Spain), 2015 at the World Championships in La Roche-sur-Yon (France) and in 2016 at the European Championships in Alcobendas (Spain).
The women's national team of the DRIV won the European championship on September 23, 2007 in Alcorcón (Spain) for the second time after 2003 and took part in the 2008 World Cup in Japan . She achieved seventh place out of twelve participating nations. At the 2010 World Cup in Alcobendas , Spain , fourth place jumped out behind Argentina, France and Spain . At the Roller Games 2017 in Nanjing / China, where for the first time all roller sports staged their world championships together, the German women's team took 3rd place.
- World Cup placements for women
- 2008 in Japan: 7th place
- 2010 in Spain: 4th place
- 2012 in Brazil: 5th place
- 2014 in France: 4th place
- 2017 in China: bronze medal
In Switzerland there are more professional club structures and more work is being done in the junior sector. The successes of the men's national team gave a boost here: the Swiss men surprisingly won the semi-finals at the 2006 European Championship against hosts Italy 5: 3 in the penalty shootout and thus made it into the final for the first time. There they lost to Spain 2-0 and won the silver medal. At the 2007 World Cup in their own country, the Swiss team lost again to Spain in the final. The four-time German champion RSV Weil am Rhein has been taking part in regular game operations very successfully since moving to the Swiss Association in 2004 and also represented Switzerland internationally in the European Cup, in which two German teams were eliminated in 2008/2009 and in the end the season was the first foreign team to celebrate a national title (Swiss champions 2008/2009) and the cup victory.
See also: History of Swiss roller hockey 1939–1945
In contrast to Germany, where roller hockey is a marginal sport, the sport is very popular in Italy, Spain, Argentina, Chile, Portugal, Angola and Mozambique and it is not uncommon for a game to be played in front of a few thousand spectators. The national teams of these countries are also the strongest in Europe and the world. Roller hockey is organized internationally in the Fédération Internationale de Roller Sports (FIRS).
In 1992 , roller hockey was an Olympic demonstration sport thanks to Juan Antonio Samaranch , who was the Spanish national goalkeeper in the 1950s . It was the only sport in which all games were sold out. Argentina won the final 8: 6 against Spain in front of 17,000 spectators . The attendance record is 125,000 at the championship finals in Brazil in 1962.
In 2008 the European Championship for men took place in Oviedo (Spain). The 2009 World Cup was held in Vigo , Spain. The hosts were world champions ahead of Argentina, Portugal and Brazil. The 49th European Championships took place in Wuppertal after 1997 (world championship Italy ) in 2010; European champion was world champion Spain before Portugal, the French secured third place in the penalty shootout after extra time against Germany. In 2010 the U20 women’s European championship took place in Darmstadt . In 2017, the European Under-17 Junior Championship was held in Remscheid .
European championship title men
World championship title men
- DRIV article ( Memento of the original from February 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Hóquei em patins: Angola conquista africano e está no mundial de Barcelona angop.ao , March 10, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.