Zell am Main
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 49 ° 49 ' N , 9 ° 52' E
|Administrative region :||Lower Franconia|
|Height :||179 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.96 km 2|
|Residents:||4428 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||445 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||97299|
|Area code :||0931|
|License plate :||WÜ , OCH|
|Community key :||09 6 79 209|
|LOCODE :||DE ZMM|
|Market structure:||2 districts|
Market administration address :
97299 Zell a.Main
|Mayor :||Joachim Kipke (Zeller Mitte - Free Voters eV)|
|Location of the Zell a.Main market in the Würzburg district|
Zell am Main (officially: cell a.Main ) is a market in the district of Würzburg in southern administrative district of Lower Franconia and is located about five kilometers northwest of the city of Wuerzburg am Main .
Zell am Main is on the left side of the Main. It borders clockwise, starting in the north: Margetshöchheim , Veitshöchheim , Würzburg , Höchberg , Waldbüttelbrunn , Hettstadt and Leinach . The Franconian Marienweg runs through Zell .
The Zell market is divided into the parts Zell (also Unterzell) and Oberzell.
Until the 19th century
As a village cell is at the foundation of the first 1128 Prämonstratenser - Monastery Oberzell mentioned. A parish church is assigned to the place by various chroniclers as early as 983. For the year 985, St. Laurentius is documented as patron of the church in Zell. The former village of fishermen and hackers is several centuries older than the document from 1128.
The place has a checkered history , especially due to the still intact Oberzell Monastery and the Unterzell Monastery, which was destroyed in the Second World War .
The office of the Hochstift Würzburg , which belonged to the Franconian Empire , fell to Bavaria during the secularization , was given to Archduke Ferdinand of Tuscany in 1805 ( Peace of Pressburg ) to form the Grand Duchy of Würzburg and with this in 1814 it finally came to Bavaria.
In 1817, Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Bauer founded the company Koenig & Bauer in the then secularized monastery of Oberzell , which is now located on the other side of the Main on Würzburger Grund.
Rabbi Mendel Rosenbaum from Theilheim near Werneck acquired the former Unterzell monastery with others and moved there in 1822 with his family and Lazarus Bergmann . In the course of the Hep-Hep riots in 1819, many Yeschivah students and other Jews from Würzburg fled to the surrounding area, including to Rosenbaum in Theilheim. Rosenbaum and Bergmann founded a new Jewish community with some of the fled Würzburgers in Unterzell, of which Rosenbaum became rabbi, and subsequently also a Talmud school.
In addition to his previous acquisition as a cattle and goods dealer, Rosenbaum set up a grocery store and a nail smithy in Unterzell . From 1825 Bergmann ran the nail smithy, after his Aliyah with his wife and children in 1834, Rosenbaum's eldest son, master nail smith Moses Rosenbaum, continued it.
Rosenbaum's economic ventures in Unterzell together with the Oberzell-based high-speed printing press factory Koenig & Bauer were decisive for the fact that Ober- and Unterzell, combined as Zell am Main, received market rights in 1833 .
Negotiations about the incorporation of Zell to Würzburg failed in 1927.
The name is the medieval Latin Cella or Middle High German Cella , within the meaning of the farmyard, is based. Since the 13th century, the suffixes upper , middle and lower were used to differentiate the monastery names. They refer to the altitude in the Main Valley.
Earlier spellings of the place from various historical maps and documents were:
65.07% of the population are Catholic , 21.24% Protestant and 13.69% belong to other religions or have no denomination. The high percentage of Catholics can be traced back on the one hand to the domain of the Hochstift Würzburg , on the other hand to the monasteries of Ober - and Unterzell . Today only the Oberzell monastery is intact. Since 1901 the servants of St. Childhood of Jesus , which were founded in 1854 by Antonie Werr . The Catholic St. Laurentius Church ( Deanery Würzburg to the left of the Main ) and the Evangelical Church of Reconciliation ( Evangelical Lutheran Deanery Würzburg ) are also located in the urban area . The Jewish community founded in 1822 ( Würzburg District Rabbinate ) initially served as rabbi Mendel Rosenbaum , followed by his son Elias Raphael in 1868 and his younger brother Rabbi Jona in 1886, who passed away in 1894.
In addition to the First Mayor, there are 16 market councils on the market council:
|Party / list||Local election 2020||Local election 2014|
|CSU / FZB (Free Zeller Citizens)||5||9|
|SPD / BB / GAL (Citizens' Alliance Zell am Main and Green Alternative Zell)||-||7th|
|SPD / Young List Zell||4th||-|
|Zeller Mitte / Free Voters||4th||-|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||3||-|
From October 2007, after the resignation of Franz Nagelstutz, Anita Feuerbach initially took over the official business on a provisional basis and was the full-time 1st mayor from March 3, 2008 to April 30, 2020. She did not run for the 2020 election. Her successor Joachim Kipke received the second most votes (34.31%) out of three applicants on March 15, 2020 and was elected in the runoff election on March 29, 2020 with 55.9% of the votes. The term of office began on May 1, 2020.
First mayor of the market in Zell a. Main:
|1964-1984||Josef Meichsner (CSU)|
|1984-2002||Dieter Weidenhammer (SPD / voter community)|
|2002-2007||Franz Nagelstutz (CSU / FZB) resigned on September 30, 2007|
|2007-2020||Anita Feuerbach (CSU / FZB)|
|since 2020||Joachim Kipke (Zeller Mitte - Free Voters eV)|
Dozulé has been a partner municipality of Zell in Normandy ( France ) since 1993 . This is only 25 km away from Würzburg's twin city, Caen .
coat of arms
|Blazon : “St. Laurentius in a blue tunic with a golden nimbus holding the green palm of victory in his right hand holding the blue rust. "|
Culture and sights
- Oberzell monastery with buildings by Balthasar Neumann
- Unterzell Monastery with the Ev. Reconciliation Church in the ruins of the monastery
- Zell waterworks with several tunnels (functional since May 6, 1900)
- Schützenhaus in the field barn
- Catholic Church of St. Laurentius with a Pietà (Vesper picture) by Tilman Riemenschneider
- Evangelical Reconciliation Church, formerly the monastery church of Unterzell
- Tabernacle in the Judenhof (former Unterzell Abbey)
- Water museum
On the last weekend in June, associations and groups from Zell present themselves with culinary delicacies at the annual "Laurentius Festival". The Zeller “culture mile”, introduced in 2002, takes place every two years on the last weekend in May or in the 1st week of June.
Economy and Infrastructure
The market town has been debt free since 2004. Despite extensive investments in the community infrastructure in recent years (purchase and renovation of Gasthaus Rose , shipping pier, purchase of Judenhof property, participation in senior citizens' housing complex , renovation of the cemeteries, new construction of the roof of the Maintalhalle (built 1977 to 1981), design of the Kelterhof and tunnel forecourt etc. ) considerable reserves could be built up.
The fashion company Finn Karelia, the Automobile Breitenberger Chrysler Jeep and Dodge contract partners, the carpenter's workshop Auinger as well as numerous craftsmen and smaller companies are located in the industrial park.
In addition to a primary school (1st to 4th grade) and a Caritas kindergarten, there is a Montessori school (primary and secondary school) in the Oberzell monastery . Since September 2007 there has also been a Montessori technical college in Oberzell Abbey. In November 2006 a day nursery (Montessori) was opened in the Pfaffsmühle.
The bus line 522 of the ( public transport ) serves Zell from the bus station in Würzburg via the Zellerau every 20 or 30 minutes, on Sundays and public holidays the line runs every 60 minutes (journey time 15-25 minutes). In the village itself, the public bus runs several times a week free of charge. Furthermore, there is the Würzburg-Zell train station on Würzburger Grund, from which regional trains run to Würzburg central station or in the direction of Gemünden. During the summer months, you can go to Würzburg to Alten Kranen or to Veitshöchheim every 60 minutes during the day from the ship landing stage.
On March 26, 2010, the city of Würzburg closed the Zeller Bock road for security reasons. Structural engineers had determined that the road was no longer safe. After more than 6 years of construction, the Zeller Bock was opened to traffic again on April 17, 2016.
- Andreas Joseph Hofmann (1752–1849), philosopher and revolutionary born in Zell am Main
- Johann Baptist Stamminger (1836–1892), priest, librarian and politician born in Zell am Main
- www.zell-main.de , homepage of the Zell am Main market
- Entry on the coat of arms of Zell am Main in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Zell am Main: Official statistics of the LfStat (PDF; 1.1 MB)
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ So z. B. Peter Endrich and Karl Dinklage: Pre- and early history of the city of Würzburg . Stürtz, Würzburg 1951.
- ^ Karl Bosl (Ed.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 7: Bavaria (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 277). 3. Edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1981, ISBN 3-520-27703-4 , pp. 847-848.
- ↑ See "Zell am Main (Würzburg district) Jewish history / synagogue", section "Reports from the history of the Jewish community and the Rosenbaum family" , on: Alemannia Judaica: Working group for research into the history of Jews in southern Germany and the neighboring region , accessed December 12, 2016.
- ↑ See "The Rosenbaum family in Zell am Main" ( memento of the original from January 2, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Section: 'Die Nagelschmiede', on: Freundeskreis der Zeller Laubhütte ( Memento of the original from January 2, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed December 21, 2016.
- ^ Matthias Stickler : New Beginning and Continuity: Würzburg in the Weimar Republic. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. Volume III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 ), Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007, pp. 177-195 and 1268-1271; here: p. 190.
- ^ Sybille Grübel: Timeline of the history of the city from 1814-2006. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. Volume 2, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , pp. 1225-1247; here: p. 1238.
- ↑ a b Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 253 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- ↑ Cf. NN, "Rabbi Mendel Rosenbaum: לזכר עולם יהי צדיק!", In: Der Israelit , November 4, 1868 (No. 45, vol. IX).
- ↑ Cf. NN, "Rabbi Jona Rosenbaum: לזכר עולם יהי צדיק!", In: Der Israelit , November 8, 1894.
- ↑ Election of the municipal council - local elections 2020 in the Zell a.Main market - overall result. Retrieved March 24, 2020 .
- ↑ Mayoral election 2020 , accessed on July 9, 2020
- ↑ Dozulé partner municipality. Retrieved November 18, 2015 .
- ↑ Description of the coat of arms. Retrieved November 18, 2015 .
- ^ Horst-Günter Wagner : The urban development of Würzburg 1814-2000. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. Volume 2, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , p. 1300, note 43.
- ↑ A visit to the water museum. Homepage Zell am Main, accessed on December 6, 2016 .
- ↑ Zeller Kulturmeile Accessed on May 23, 2011.
- ↑ www.zell-main.de: Sports facilities .
- ↑ http://www.main-media.de/lokales/wuerzburg/Vollsperrung-Aus-fuer-Zeller-Bock;art735,5513483