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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Helmstadt market
Map of Germany, position of the Helmstadt market highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 46 '  N , 9 ° 43'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Lower Franconia
County : Wurzburg
Management Community : Helmstadt
Height : 301 m above sea level NHN
Area : 22.8 km 2
Residents: 2702 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 119 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 97264
Primaries : 09369, 09397
License plate : , OCH
Community key : 09 6 79 144
Market structure: 2 districts

Market administration address :
Im Kies 8
97264 Helmstadt
Website : www.helmstadt-ufr.de
Mayor : Tobias Klembt ( CSU )
Location of the Helmstadt market in the Würzburg district
Landkreis Main-Spessart Landkreis Schweinfurt Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Baden-Württemberg Irtenberger Wald Irtenberger Wald Guttenberger Wald Guttenberger Wald Gramschatzer Wald Würzburg Winterhausen Uettingen Sommerhausen Remlingen (Unterfranken) Reichenberg (Unterfranken) Altertheim Zell am Main Waldbüttelbrunn Waldbrunn (Unterfranken) Veitshöchheim Unterpleichfeld Leinach Thüngersheim Theilheim Tauberrettersheim Sonderhofen Rottendorf Röttingen Riedenheim Randersacker Prosselsheim Ochsenfurt Oberpleichfeld Eisenheim Neubrunn (Unterfranken) Margetshöchheim Kürnach Kleinrinderfeld Kist Kirchheim (Unterfranken) Holzkirchen (Unterfranken) Höchberg Hettstadt Helmstadt Hausen bei Würzburg Güntersleben Greußenheim Giebelstadt Geroldshausen Gerbrunn Gelchsheim Gaukönigshofen Frickenhausen am Main Estenfeld Erlabrunn Eisingen (Bayern) Eibelstadt Bütthard Bieberehren Bergtheim Aub Landkreis Ansbach Rimparmap
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Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / market

Helmstadt is a market in the Lower Franconian district of Würzburg and the seat of the Helmstadt administrative association .


Helmstadt municipality
District Helmstadt
Holzkirchhausen district

Helmstadt is located in the Würzburg planning region .

Community structure

There are two districts:

There are the districts of Helmstadt and Holzkirchhausen.

Neighboring communities



The name Helmstadt consists of the personal name Adalhalm and the Old High German word stat . As an explanation, this results in the residence of Adalhalm.

Earlier spellings

Earlier spellings of the place from various historical maps and documents:

  • 770 Adalhalmestat
  • 816 Halabingestat
  • 1246 Helbingestat
  • 1305 Hebling Act
  • 1335 Helmstat
  • 1559 Helmstadt
  • 1800 Markthelmstadt
  • 1831 Helmstadt


Early history

The area was first settled in the Band Pottery Age between 6000 and 4000 BC. Instead of. This is proven by finds on the Altersberg, Ameisenberg and in the Hochstatt. No finds are known for the period after that, only in the Urnfield Period , between 1200 and 750 BC. Chr., A settlement of the Roth Flur can be proven in the east of the place. During the development of the Roth as a new development area, excavations were carried out from 1999 to 2000 AD and numerous sherds and post pits were found. The settlement then grew during the Hallstatt period from 750 to 450 BC. After that there are no further signs of settlement.

middle Ages

It was not until the beginning of the Middle Ages that the area was populated by so-called Waldsassen - people settling in the forest - which gave the area one of its names: Waldsassengau . A formal foundation of the place probably took place between 680 and 750 AD. Was first mentioned in documents Helmstadt named "Adalhalmestat" in 772 n. Chr. On January 20, 772 the tithe to the village, together with that of the neighboring town of Uettingen by the owner of the villages, a noble priest named Alwalah to the Benedictine monastery of Fulda transferred . In the following centuries, the Counts of Wertheim and the Benedictine monastery Holzkirchen shared control of the place. A first mention of the associated parish is documented for the year 1291. In the coadjutor feud between the Count of Wertheim and the Teutonic Order , the village was completely burned down at the turn of the year 1466/1467.

Modern times

Ceremony for the unveiling of the Prince Ludwig Memorial on October 3, 1909
Prince Ludwig walks through the formation of war veterans

After the Counts of Wertheim in 1556 with the death of Michael III. were extinct in the male line, the Hochstift Würzburg claimed the place. In 1612 Julius Echter incorporated Helmstadt into the monastery again. The bailiwick over the village was passed from the last Count of Wertheim to the Nuremberg patrician families Haller von Hallerstein , Imhof and von Buirette, who exercised this right until the beginning of the 19th century. During the Thirty Years War , the village was repeatedly occupied and looted by troops of various affiliations. The market law was the place on 1 October 1770 by the then Prince Bishop of Bamberg and Würzburg , Adam Friedrich von Seinsheim awarded.

During the German War of 1866, a battle between Prussian and Austrian- allied Bavarian troops took place near the town on July 25, 1866 , in which Prince Ludwig of Bavaria , who later became King Ludwig III, suffered a gunshot wound. This event was later commemorated with the erection of the Prince Ludwig Memorial at the exit towards Würzburg, which was unveiled on October 3, 1909 in the presence of the prince and veteran of the war of 1866 during a ceremony.

The First World War fell 48 Helmstädter and twelve wooden soldiers Kirchhausener victim. The Second World War claimed another 111 and 31 victims from the two villages. Several disabled residents were also murdered by the Nazis. On April 2, 1945, an Easter Monday , the village was liberated by advancing US troops without fighting .


Helmstadt is a politically independent municipality. The market community has belonged to the Würzburg district since the district reform on July 1, 1972. Previously it was part of the dissolved district of Marktheidenfeld . After the regional reform, Helmstadt was designated as Regionalplatz II, ie as a small center to be preferably developed.


On May 1, 1978, the previously independent municipality of Holzkirchhausen was incorporated into the regional reform in Bavaria .

Population development

year population
1961 1923
1970 2097
1987 2307
1991 2448
1995 2630
2000 2669
2005 2631
2010 2583
2015 2610
2018 2657


Administrative community

Since May 1, 1978, Helmstadt has been the seat of the administrative association of the same name. It includes the communities of Helmstadt with Holzkirchhausen, Holzkirchen with Wüstenzell , Remlingen and Uettingen .


Tobias Klembt (CSU) has been First Mayor since May 1, 2020. With a turnout of 73.4%, he was elected on March 15, 2020 with 55.28% of the vote. His competitor was Edgar Martin's predecessor (Initiative Democratic Citizens), in office from May 1, 2008 to April 30, 2020.

Market council

For the term of office from May 1, 2020 to April 30, 2026, the three nominations received the following number of votes and seats:

CSU 41.32% 6 seats
Democratic Citizens Initiative 38.25% 5 seats
Community of voters in Holzkirchhausen 20.43% 3 seats

73.43% of those eligible to vote exercised their voting rights on March 15, 2020.

Alliance Waldsassengau

Since November 20, 2014 Helmstadt has been organized together with twelve surrounding communities in the Alliance Waldsassengau . The association serves the intercommunal cooperation.

coat of arms

Helmstadt coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold three, two to one, six-petaled red heraldic roses, in between a horizontal blue tool handle."
Coats of arms: The use of a coat of arms was Helmstadt for the first time in 1589 by Ludwig III. von Löwenstein , then Count von Wertheim , permitted. In addition to three roses attributed to the County of Wertheim, the coat of arms also bears a tool handle, a so-called stalk or helbling, which can also be found in earlier place names.

Town twinning

Economy and Infrastructure

Monument to Hans Böhm , erected in 2007

The place has medical and dental practices, a pharmacy, a kindergarten and a primary school. Several companies, the Deutsche Post AG and banks offer jobs on site.


In 1998, according to official statistics, there were 132 employees in the manufacturing sector and 179 employees in the trade and transport sector at the place of work. In other economic sectors, 181 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 999 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There were none in the manufacturing sector and two in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were 43 farms with an agriculturally used area of ​​1253 ha, of which 1211 ha were arable land and 33 ha were permanent green space. In 2006 there were still 5 full-time farmers. In 2010 only 25 farms were registered.


There are the following institutions (as of 2015):

  • Catholic Kindergarten St. Josef (3 kindergarten groups with 75 children, 2 toddler groups with 24 children)
  • Catholic Kindergarten St. Agidius (district Holzkirchhausen, 1 kindergarten group with 15 children)
  • Astrid Lindgren Primary School (Association primary school, 12 classes with approx. 280 students)


83% of the residents of Helmstadt and Holzkirchhausen are Catholic, 9% Protestant. The Catholic parishes are organized in the parish community Hl. Benedikt between Tauber & Main, which has its seat in Helmstadt and also includes the parishes of the communities Böttigheim , Holzkirchen , Neubrunn , Uettingen , Remlingen and Wüstenzell . The parish community is part of the Würzburg deanery on the left bank of the Main in the Würzburg diocese . The Protestant parishioners are assigned to the parish of St. Bartholomäus in Uettingen.


  • Catholic parish church of St. Martin
  • Catholic Kuratiekirche St. Agidius (district Holzkirchhausen)

Culture and sights

Biking and hiking trails

  • European cultural trail Waldsassengau 1 - Between all fronts
  • The Franconian Marienweg runs through Helmstadt .


Architectural monuments

Soil monuments

Under the counts of Wertheim founded in the 13th century outside the village of a small castle, the seat of the used Vogt of the counts was. The castle was first mentioned in a document dated March 2, 1289. The castle had an area of ​​around 30 × 30 meters and probably consisted of a few buildings that were surrounded by two moats. The complex probably fell into disrepair towards the end of the Middle Ages. Today only the trenches remain from the complex.


  • Hans Böhm (1458–1476), preacher, initiator of the Niklashaus pilgrimage of 1476
  • Jakob Baunach (before 1597–1627), Mayor of Würzburg 1624–1625, first beheaded as a witcher under Bishop Ehrenberg and then burned
  • Adam Flasch (1844–1902), classical archaeologist, professor of archeology
  • Günther Kaunzinger (* 1938), organist and pianist, lives in Helmstadt


  • Blümlesverein
  • Carnival club Helmstadt
  • FC Helmstadt 1973 e. V.
  • Helmstadt fire department
  • Catholic women's association Helmstadt
  • Alle Neune Helmstadt bowling club
  • JFG Welzbachtal girls' team
  • MC Helmstadt
  • Melomania
  • MGV cheerfulness
  • Social Association VdK - local association Helmstadt
  • TV Helmstadt


In the local dialect, the residents are referred to as "bloom houses". The origin of this nickname can be traced back to a type of Dutch coin minted from 1527, which had a bad reputation among the population due to its crude appearance and was known as "Blomäuser". The imperial eagle on the back was mocked as a “buzzard”, while the “blo” - or “blue” - indicates a poor quality or low value. The name later passed on to the equally unpopular eagle schilling, which was minted from 1536 in Koblenz , among other places , and spread over western Germany. In the late Middle Ages, Helmstadt appeared in documents with the name "Helblingstadt". The Helbling was also a type of coin, but it lost its validity around 1600. The residents of the surrounding villages then transferred the concept of the inferior Blomäuser to the Helbling and thus also to the unpopular inhabitants of the neighboring town of Helblingstadt as a mockery.

Web links

Commons : Helmstadt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html ? Anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111110/184905&attr=OBJ&val= 1797
  3. a b Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 98 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  4. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 27-31 .
  5. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 31-45 .
  6. History: Timeline Markt Helmstadt. Markt Helmstadt, January 12, 2016, accessed on January 12, 2016 .
  7. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 43-52 .
  8. History: Timeline Markt Helmstadt. Markt Helmstadt, January 12, 2016, accessed on January 12, 2016 .
  9. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 53-55 .
  10. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 104-135 .
  11. History: Timeline Markt Helmstadt. Markt Helmstadt, January 12, 2016, accessed on January 12, 2016 .
  12. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 756 .
  13. Population figures on December 31, 2018. Bavarian State Office for Statistics, accessed on May 24, 2020 .
  14. ^ Greetings from the 1st Mayor of the Helmstadt market. Helmstadt municipality, accessed on August 15, 2020 .
  15. Mainpost on the voting out of Edgar Martin , accessed on July 8, 2020
  16. Election of the market council 2020 , accessed on July 8, 2020
  17. ^ Alliance Waldsassengau in the west of Würzburg. Society. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on January 29, 2016 ; accessed on January 20, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.allianz-waldsassengau.de
  18. The coat of arms of Helmstadt. Retrieved January 27, 2019 .
  19. 2011 census
  20. ^ "Helmstadt between all fronts" cultural trail. Retrieved January 21, 2016 .
  21. Markt Helmstadt (Ed.): Markt Helmstadt. Ortschronik and Heimatbuch . Self-published, Helmstadt 2004, p. 56-59 .
  22. Bernd Schätzlein: Why the people of Helmstadt are called "Blomäuser" . In: Franconia. Journal for Franconian history, art and culture . No. 2 , 2013, ISSN  0015-9905 , p. 114-119 .