The Carmelites ( Ordo Carmelitarum Discalceatorum , religious symbol OCD) are of the male branch of the congregation of the Teresian Carmel . The Discalced Carmelites, like the Discalced Carmelites, emerged from the reform of the Carmelites by Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross .
The order was founded by Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross in 1568 in Duruelo in Spain and has been an independent religious order under papal law since 1593 . The approval of the rule of the order, first granted in 1581, was renewed in 1991 by Pope John Paul II according to the guidelines of the Second Vatican Council and the applicable provisions of canon law .
Subsidiaries in German-speaking countries
- St. Theresa Monastery  in Munich; Founded in 1629, today the seat of the Provincialate of the Teresian Carmelites (OCD) Germany
- St. Teresa Monastery  in Birkenwerder ; Founded in Jauernick near Görlitz in 1985 , moved to Birkenwerder in 1986, today the location of the provincial retreat house
- St. Josef Monastery  in Regensburg ; Founded in 1635, since 1641 at the current location on the Alten Kornmarkt , abolished in the course of the secularization of 1812 and 1836, since 1721 uninterrupted Carmelite spirit production
Maria Magdalena Monastery  in Würzburg ; Founded in 1627, today novitiate and junior convent
- from 1844 in the Himmelspforten monastery
- Carmelite convent in the Essen district of Kupferdreh  ; since 1995 occupied by Discalced Carmelites from the Indian province
- St. Edith Stein monastery  in Hagen ; since 2013 occupied by Discalced Carmelites from the Indian province
- St. Theresa Monastery  in Reisach near Oberaudorf ; Founded in 1731, in the course of secularization from 1803 dedicated as an extinction monastery for the Discalced Carmelites from Reisach and Schongau , revived in 1836, since 2012 occupied by Discalced Carmelites from the Cracow province
- Monastery on the Kreuzberg  in Schwandorf ; Founded in 1889, since 2009 occupied by Discalced Carmelites from the Indian province
- Former Benedictine Abbey of St. Michael  in Siegburg ; Abandoned by the Benedictines in 2011 , since 2013 occupied by Discalced Carmelites from the Indian province
- Carmelite Monastery Döbling  in Vienna ; Founded in 1622 in Leopoldstadt (see also the Karmeliterkirche and the Karmeliterviertel and the Karmelitermarkt ), abolished in 1783 as part of Josephinism , at the end of the 19th century a convent was founded in the municipality of Döbling , church and convent built from 1898 to 1901
- Carmelite Monastery Maria Schnee in Graz ; old Graz Carmelite convent on Karmeliterplatz was abolished in 1789 in the course of Josephinism and is now used as the Styrian regional archive , new convent re-established at the Maria Schnee pilgrimage church
- Carmelite Monastery  in Linz ; Founded in 1671
- Carmelite Monastery Hungerburg  in Innsbruck
On 20 April 2009, Saverio Cannistrà OCD in the 90th General Chapter of the Order of Discalced Carmelites at Domus Carmeli in Fatima took part in the more than 100 members of religious orders from 80 nations, as the new general of the order selected. He succeeded Luis Aróstegui OCD.
List of the Superior General of the Teresian Carmel
- Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero (1955–1967)
- Felipe Sainz de Baranda (1985–1991)
- Camilo Maccise (1991-2003)
- Luis Aróstegui (2003-2009)
- Saverio Cannistrà (since 2009)
- Dominicus a Jesu Maria (1559–1630), founder of a monastery, missionary, chaplain in the battle of the White Mountain
- Daniel Acharuparambil OCD (1939–2009), Indian Archbishop of Verapoly , Rector of the Pontifical Urban University from 1988–1994
- Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu OCD, religious name Louis de la Trinité , (1889–1964), religious provincial of the Discalced Carmelites in France; Admiral of Free France in World War II ; 1942–1943 Minister without portfolio and from 1945 to 1947 Governor General and High Commissioner in Indochina
- Maria-Eugen Grialou OCD (1894–1967), French Carmelite and blessed
- Cardinal Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero OCD (1913–1998), Archbishop of Turin
- Antônio do Carmo Cheuiche OCD (1927–2009), auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of Porto Alegre
- Gonzalo López Marañón OCD (1933–2016), Prefect Apostolic and Vicar Apostolic of San Miguel de Sucumbíos from 1970–2010
- Reinhard Körner OCD (* 1951), German Carmelite and book author
- Website of the Teresian Carmel in Germany
- Entry to Discalced Carmelites on Order online
- Pope Francis : Letter from Pope Francis to the Superior General of the Order of the Discalced Carmelites on the 500th anniversary of the birth of St. Teresa of Avila. Libreria Editrice Vaticana , March 28, 2015, accessed October 19, 2015 .
- ↑ Carmelites, discless . Online at www.orden-online.de; accessed on February 22, 2017.