Opatov v Čechách

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coat of arms of ????
Opatov v Čechách (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Region : Pardubický kraj
District : Svitavy
Area : 2973 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 49 '  N , 16 ° 30'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 49 '16 "  N , 16 ° 29' 54"  E
Height: 438  m nm
Residents : 1,146 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 569 12
License plate : E.
Railway connection: Brno – Česká Třebová
Status: stains
Districts: 1
Mayor : Petr Kovář (as of 2006)
Address: Opatov 159
569 12 Opatov v Čechách
Municipality number: 578487
Website : www.obecopatov.cz

Opatov v Čechách (German Abtsdorf bei Zwittau ) is a place with 1100 inhabitants in the Czech Republic . It is located on the upper reaches of the Třebovka and belongs to the Okres Svitavy (Zwittau) in Pardubický kraj .


Herrmann (1245–1260), abbot of the Premonstratensian monastery Leitomischl , received the order from King Ottokar II to found and settle a village in the Schönhengstgau . It was named Opatov ( abbot village). The founding year is assumed to be 1248. The Church of St. Anthony was first mentioned in 1358. During the Hussite Wars , the population professed Utraquism . There is evidence of a school for 1585. In the course of the Counter Reformation Opatov was re-Catholicized in 1624. In 1760 it was granted market rights. In 1841 a fire destroyed large parts of the city. In 1846 Opatov was connected to the Prague - Brno - Vienna railway line.

Fish farming is used in the surrounding ponds. The largest pond with 5 hectares is the Hvězda ( star pond ) located at the northern end of the village, which is fed by the Třebovka and the Nový potok flowing from the smaller Nový rybník ( Neuteich ). At the southern end of the village between the neighboring Opatovec is the 3 hectare Vidlák, into which the Černý potok and the Mikulečský potok flow.

After the Munich Agreement , the place was added to the German Empire and belonged to the district of Zwittau until 1945 .

Community structure

The districts Nový Rybník ( Neuteich ) and Hvězda ( Sternteich ) belong to the municipality . The former district of Královec ( Königsberg ) no longer exists. In Nový Rybník there are still a few houses and the former destroyed chapel, now a gallery. In Hvězda there was a small two-story baroque chateau that was destroyed in the 1930s.


  • Franz Peschka (1856–1908), Mayor of Abtsdorf, member of the Bohemian state parliament, member of the Reichsrat, German compatriot minister in the Beck cabinet, founder and chairman of the German Agrarian Party

Individual evidence

  1. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)

Web links

Commons : Opatov v Čechách  - collection of images, videos and audio files