Opatov v Čechách
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Pardubický kraj|
|Area :||2973 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||1,146 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||569 12|
|License plate :||E.|
|Railway connection:||Brno – Česká Třebová|
|Mayor :||Petr Kovář (as of 2006)|
569 12 Opatov v Čechách
Opatov v Čechách (German Abtsdorf bei Zwittau ) is a place with 1100 inhabitants in the Czech Republic . It is located on the upper reaches of the Třebovka and belongs to the Okres Svitavy (Zwittau) in Pardubický kraj .
Herrmann (1245–1260), abbot of the Premonstratensian monastery Leitomischl , received the order from King Ottokar II to found and settle a village in the Schönhengstgau . It was named Opatov ( abbot village). The founding year is assumed to be 1248. The Church of St. Anthony was first mentioned in 1358. During the Hussite Wars , the population professed Utraquism . There is evidence of a school for 1585. In the course of the Counter Reformation Opatov was re-Catholicized in 1624. In 1760 it was granted market rights. In 1841 a fire destroyed large parts of the city. In 1846 Opatov was connected to the Prague - Brno - Vienna railway line.
Fish farming is used in the surrounding ponds. The largest pond with 5 hectares is the Hvězda ( star pond ) located at the northern end of the village, which is fed by the Třebovka and the Nový potok flowing from the smaller Nový rybník ( Neuteich ). At the southern end of the village between the neighboring Opatovec is the 3 hectare Vidlák, into which the Černý potok and the Mikulečský potok flow.
The districts Nový Rybník ( Neuteich ) and Hvězda ( Sternteich ) belong to the municipality . The former district of Královec ( Königsberg ) no longer exists. In Nový Rybník there are still a few houses and the former destroyed chapel, now a gallery. In Hvězda there was a small two-story baroque chateau that was destroyed in the 1930s.
- Franz Peschka (1856–1908), Mayor of Abtsdorf, member of the Bohemian state parliament, member of the Reichsrat, German compatriot minister in the Beck cabinet, founder and chairman of the German Agrarian Party
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)