Magnus II (Braunschweig-Lüneburg)

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Depiction of Magnus II in the series “Braunschweigischer Fürstensaal” by the historian Ludwig Ferdinand Spehr from 1840

Magnus II. Torquatus , Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (* 1324 - † July 25, 1373 near Leveste ) from the Guelph dynasty was Prince of Lüneburg and Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel from 1369 until his death in 1373 .


Magnus was the eldest son of Magnus I and his wife Sophie von Brandenburg. He initially worked as an administrator in Sangerhausen , then from 1368 as a bailiff. In 1369, after the death of his father, he inherited the Principality of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . A few months later, the father of his sister-in-law Mechtild von Braunschweig-Lüneburg († before May 16, 1410) died, Prince Wilhelm II of Lüneburg . Magnus had been designated by him as heir and would also have been entitled to inheritance in accordance with the Guelph house laws since his father Magnus I had been a second cousin of the deceased. However, Emperor Charles IV considered the imperial fiefdom to have reverted to the Empire and enfeoffed the Ascanian dukes Albrecht von Sachsen-Wittenberg and his uncle Wenzel with the principality, which triggered the War of the Lüneburg Succession . The next few years were marked by military conflicts with the Wittenbergers. After Lüneburg took the side of the Wittenberg dukes due to repeated demands for money from Magnus, Magnus tried to take Lüneburg, but this failed. Magnus died in 1373 of fatal injuries sustained in a duel with his brother-in-law, Count Otto I von Schaumburg , at the Battle of Leveste am Deister .


Magnus monument near Leveste

In 1864 King George V of Hanover had a memorial erected on the road from Leveste to Gehrden to commemorate Duke Magnus Torquatus, who died there in 1373. It bears the inscription:

Duke Magnus Torqatus
fell here in battle with
Otto Graf von Schaumburg
King George V
had this monument

Originally a cross stone was placed at the place of death . This formerly rectangular parallelepiped with an artlessly carved cross serves as a central part of the monument, which was built in neo-Gothic style according to plans by the Oberland master builder Christian Adolf Vogell .


From his marriage to Katharina von Anhalt-Bernburg, Magnus II had eleven children:


Web links

Commons : Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1324–1373)  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Levester Chronicle of the Magnus Monument ( Memento of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  2. The Magnus Monument
  3. Wilh. H. Mitthoff : Leveste . In: Art monuments and antiquities in Hanover . First volume: Fürstenthum Calenberg . Helwing'sche Hofbuchhandlung, Hanover 1871, p.  120-121 ( online ).
  4. Leveste . In: Carl Wolff (ed.): The art monuments of the province of Hanover . Issue 1: Districts of Hanover and Linden . Self-published by the provincial administration, Theodor Schulzes Buchhandlung, Hanover 1899, p.  102 ( online ).
predecessor Office successor
Wilhelm II. Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg,
Prince of Lüneburg

Albrecht von Sachsen-Wittenberg and
Wenzel von Sachsen-Wittenberg
Magnus I. Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg,
Prince of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel