Friedrich III. from Aufseß

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Friedrich III. von Aufseß († February 26, 1440 ) was Prince-Bishop of Bamberg from 1421 to 1431 .


Unteraufseß Castle (Raven tower with stone house)

Friedrich III. von Aufseß came from the Frankish imperial-free noble family von Aufseß (see also list of Frankish knight families ). The eponymous place Aufseß including Unteraufseß Castle and Oberaufseß Castle is today a municipality in the Upper Franconian district of Bayreuth . Among the Bamberg canons there were other family members, centuries later Jobst Bernhard von Aufsees (1671–1738) was outstanding .

Biographical data

At the time of the appointment of Friedrich III. from Aufseß to prince-bishop Martin V was pope and Sigismund was the Roman-German king. Friedrich was first canon of Bamberg. In 1422, Staffelstein received the right from Friedrich to build a city fortification. In 1430 he made Mistendorf a parish near Teuchatz .

The Hussites invaded Franconia in the winter of 1429/30 and advanced down the Main Valley to Bamberg (see also Hussite Wars ). The cathedral chapter fled with the cathedral treasure (today in the Diocesan Museum Bamberg ) to the Giechburg , the bishop himself to Carinthia . The wealthy citizens fled to Forchheim. However, the Hussites did not take Bamberg. When they had conquered Scheßlitz, the craftsmen, day laborers and farmers who remained in Bamberg plundered the town houses, churches and monasteries. Shortly thereafter acted Margrave Frederick of Brandenburg with Andreas Prokop on Castle Zwernitz a ceasefire and Bamberg paid 12,000 guilders ransom to the arson to escape. The Hussites withdrew to Pegnitz via Hollfeld. When the city's bishop and council returned, they judged the leaders of the uprising.

For Friedrich's premature abdication in 1431, among other things, the favor of Bamberg citizens by the later emperor. This is unusual, since the prince-bishops usually remained in office until their death; Friedrich died in 1440. Anton von Rotenhan took over the reign of the prince-bishop . His election took place in Staffelstein because the plague raged in Bamberg at that time .

coat of arms

Family coat of arms

The family coat of arms is a silver bar on blue , which is covered with a red rose . The helmet has two buffalo horns and is tinged like the shield , the covers are silver and blue. The coat of arms of the Prince-Bishop is usually increased . The black lion stands for Bamberg, covered with a silver sloping bar on a gold background. The coat of arms can be found, for example, as a keystone in the Upper Parish in Bamberg.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of Bamberg. 15th century. ( Memento of the original from May 27, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
predecessor Office successor
Albrecht von Wertheim Prince Bishop of Bamberg
1421 - 1431
Anton von Rotenhan