|ZH is the abbreviation for the canton of Zurich in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Kilchberg .|
|Canton :||Zurich (ZH)|
|BFS no. :||0135|
|Postal code :||8802|
|Height range :||406-518 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||2.58 km²|
|Resident:||8923 (December 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2786 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
Swiss citizenship )
|32.9% (December 31, 2019)|
|Mayor :||Martin Berger ( independent )|
Kilchberg of Zollikon seen from
|Location of the municipality|
Of the municipal area, 26.4% is agricultural land, 2% is forest, 58% is settlement area and 13% is used for traffic. The village center with the church is located a little above Lake Zurich at around 500 meters above sea level.
The Alemanne Bankilo should have been the actual founder of Kilchberg - more precisely Bendlikons. At the end of the 5th century he settled at the mouth of the Dorfbach in Lake Zurich. Like the name "Kilchberg", the church on the mountain was first mentioned in 1248. During the Old Zurich War , the wooden church was burned down by the Confederates and later replaced by a massive stone building, which has since been renovated several times. Kilchberg has also had a Roman Catholic church since 1935. Today's new building, which was built according to plans by the architect André M. Studer and is consecrated to Saint Elisabeth, dates back to 1967. In 1975, the Sanitas Spital, then managed by Dominican women, moved from the Enge to a spacious new building in the countryside in Kilchberg . In 2011, the Sanitas Spital merged with the Zimmerberg Spital from Horgen to form the See-Spital with two locations.
Kilchberg was originally a farming village. In addition to the farmers, whose most important acquisition was viticulture up to the 17th century , the boatmen from Bendlikon, who handled the movement of people and goods with the city of Zurich, should also be mentioned . In the 17th and 18th centuries, the cotton spinners and mousseline weavers began to work from home to a certain extent.
In the 18th century, the Kilchberg-Schooren porcelain factory and later the faience factory had a special significance for Kilchberg. In the Schooren Porcelain Manufactory, diverse, artistically painted tableware and an abundance of individual figures and groups of figures were created. Faience and earthenware dishes were manufactured until 1869 .
coat of arms
- In blue, a four-petalled silver flower with a golden clasp
The 2011 cantonal elections resulted in the following shares of the vote in Kilchberg: The Swiss People's Party (SVP) 25.44%, the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP) 10.21%, the Free Democratic Party (FDP) 29.52%, the Green Party of Switzerland (Greens) 9.82%, the Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP) 5.18%, the Green Liberal Party (glp) 12.76% and the Evangelical People's Party (EPP) 1.67%. The successor to the mayor Jean-Marc Groh has been Martin Berger since 2014.
The elections to the municipal council, the auditing commission, the school commission, the social and guardianship commission, the health and sports commission and the building commission resulted in the following proportions of votes in 2006: FDP 36%, unification of non-party members 30%, SVP 16%, CVP 10 %, GP 3%, no party 2%, GLP 1.0%, various 0.6%.
The headquarters of the well-known chocolate manufacturer Lindt & Sprüngli is located in Kilchberg . It is the oldest and only major industrial company in the municipality. The company, which was founded in 1845, has been operating at its current location on Seestrasse since 1899. Opposite the chocolate factory, the craft business Boesch Motorboote produces luxury motorboats .
There are two churches in Kilchberg:
- The Reformed Church Kilchberg was first mentioned in a document in 1248. It is located on the top of the Zimmerberg and is the symbol of the community.
- The Roman Catholic Church of St. Elisabeth was built by André M. Studer from 1965 to 1967 and, due to its archaic appearance, is an exemplary example of modern Catholic church architecture in Switzerland.
- The Brunnenmoos schoolhouse is classified as a cultural asset of regional importance.
Reformed Church Kilchberg , view from the southeast
Ref. Kilchberg Church, in front of it the tomb of Conrad Ferdinand Meyer
- Klaus Bartels (1636–2020), classical philologist, lived and died in Kilchberg
- Friedel Bohny-Reiter (1912–2001), nurse, grew up with the Kilchberger foster family from 1920.
- Hans Bosshard (* 1935), journalist, editor and historian, lives here.
- Markus Fäh (* 1958), psychoanalyst and author
- Richard Gertsch (* 1996), football player
- Rudolf Gwerb (1483– after 1541), pastor and reformer
- Albin Heimann (1914–2015), entrepreneur and politician, lived here and died here.
- Hermann Huber (1888–1967), painter, fresco artist, draftsman, etcher and lithographer. Living with Eveline Huber-Grisebach in Kilchberg-Schooren 1925–1933.
- Karl Kerényi (1897–1973), classical philologist and religious scholar, died here.
- Max Kopp (1891–1984), architect, lived here and died here.
- Charles Linsmayer (* 1945), literary scholar and writer, born here.
- Golo Mann (1909–1994), historian, publicist and writer, lived here from 1965 to 1992.
- Katia Mann (1883–1980), wife of Thomas Mann, lived here from 1954 until her death.
- Thomas Mann (1875–1955), writer, lived in Kilchberg from 1954 until his death.
- Alfred Marxer (1876–1945), painter, lived in Kilchberg from 1915 until his death.
- Erwin Poeschel (1884–1965), lawyer and art historian, died here.
- Balser Puorger (1864–1943), author and teacher, died here.
- Jakob Schilling (* 1931), architect, born here.
- Eduard Schweingruber (1899–1975), theologian, held the Reformed pastoral office here from 1942–1964 and lived there until his death.
- Johann Jakob Sperli (the Elder) (1794–1843), etcher, aquatintist, watercolorist; born in Bendlikon.
- Erich Stern (1889–1959), psychiatrist, psychologist and educator, lived in Kilchberg from 1957 until his death.
- Erika Streit (1910–2011), painter, lived here from 1943 until her death.
- Warren Thew (1927–1984), pianist, composer, poet and draftsman, lived in Kilchberg from 1956.
- Anna Barbara Urner née Welti (1760–1803), poet.
- Emil Usteri (1839–1914), Jesuit and university professor in India
- Hedi Wyss (* 1940), writer and journalist, lives here.
The graves of famous personalities such as
- Conrad Ferdinand Meyer (1825–1898), poet
- Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster (1869–1966), philosopher, educator and pacifist
- Ludwig Klages (1872–1956), philosopher, psychologist and graphologist
- Thomas Mann (1875–1955) and his family members (with the exception of Klaus Mann )
- Ferdinand Lion (1883–1968), journalist and writer
- Gert Westphal (1920–2002), director, actor and reciter
- Gottlieb Binder : History of the community Kilchberg. 3rd edition Kilchberg municipality, Kilchberg 1968,
- Hermann Fietz : The art monuments of the canton of Zurich, Volume II: The districts of Bülach, Dielsdorf, Hinwil, Horgen and Meilen. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 15). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1943. .
- Cilla Oertli-Cajacob: Chronicle of the community Kilchberg. Kilchberg Municipality, Kilchberg 1998.
- Kilchberg community (ed.): New Year's sheets . Annually since 1960. Author of several of these New Year's papers: Hans Bosshard .
- Official website of the municipality of Kilchberg ZH
- Martin Illi: Kilchberg (ZH). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Statistical data for the municipality of Kilchberg ZH
- FSO Generalized Boundaries 2020 . For later parish mergers, heights are summarized based on January 1, 2020. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Generalized limits 2020 . In the case of later community mergers, areas will be combined based on January 1, 2020. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Regional portraits 2021: key figures for all municipalities . In the case of later municipal mergers, population figures are summarized based on 2019. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Regional portraits 2021: key figures for all municipalities . In the case of later municipal mergers, the percentage of foreigners summarized based on the 2019 status. Accessed May 17, 2021
- Daniela Haag: Horgen: The See-Spital creates a 50 million new building. In: zsz.ch . March 1, 2016, accessed January 11, 2020 .
- Background to the partnership
- At the entrance you can see a plaque with the names and dates of residence of the Mann family.