|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Andalusia|
|Coordinates||37 ° 24 ′ N , 4 ° 29 ′ W|
|Height :||485 msnm|
|Area :||351 km²|
|Residents :||42,605 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||121.38 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||14900|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||14038|
|Mayor :||José Luis Bergillos ( PSOE )|
|Address of the municipal administration:||Plaza Nueva, 1, 14900 Lucena, Córdoba Tel .: +34 957 50 04 10|
|Location of the municipality|
Lucena is a medium-sized town in the Spanish autonomous region of Andalusia . With 42,605 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2019) it is the second largest city in the province of Cordoba .
Lucena is one of the most dynamic economic centers in southern Spain, especially due to its booming furniture industry. The largest chair in the world has stood here since 2004 - with a height of 27 m.
In addition to olives and olive oil, the most important agricultural products in the region are, in particular, the strong, sherry- like white wines from the DO Montilla-Moriles growing region .
The city gained a certain historical fame through a battle at its gates in 1483, a few years before the completion of the Reconquista by the Catholic kings Ferdinand II and Isabella I. Since 1479, in open conflict with the Catholic kings, tried Boabdil , the last remaining Moors - Ruler of the Spanish peninsula, in 1483 to take the town of Lucena, which was then on the border to the areas that had already been conquered by the Christians. In the course of this battle, however, he was captured, held in the castle fortress Castillo del Moral and only released against payment of 12,000 gold pieces. Less than ten years later, with the handover of the city of Granada by Emir Boabdil to the Catholic Kings in 1492, the Reconquista was completed. Lucena was famous in al-Andalus as a city exclusively inhabited by Jews , although this attribution by medieval historiographers is hardly likely to be true. For the Jews, Lucena was considered the pearl of Sefarad .
Above the city, on the summit of the Sierra de Aras, there is a small chapel, the hermitage of the Virgen de Araceli, the patron saint Lucenas and the Andalusian fields.
- ↑ Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).