Nunc dimittis or “Now you let [master, your servant]” are the opening words of Simeon's hymn of praise. It comes from the biblical account of the presentation of the Lord in the Jerusalem Temple ( Lk 2 EU ), according to which Simeon , who is otherwise not mentioned in the New Testament, recognizes the expected Messiah in the Infant Jesus and thus the fulfillment of a promise that he personally through the Holy Spirit had received. According to this promise, he should not die until his eyes have seen the Messiah.
|Basic Greek text||Latin ( Vulgate VUL )||Luther Bible 1912||Standardized translation ( EU )|
Νῦν ἀπολύεις τὸν δοῦλόν σου, δέσποτα, κατὰ τὸ ῥῆμά σου ἐν εἰρήνῃ:
Nunc dimittis servum tuum Domine, secundum verbum tuum in pace:
Lord, now you let your servant go in peace, as you said;
Now, sir, you let your servant part in peace, as you said.
In liturgical use, the closed small doxology Glory to the Father ... to.
Liturgy and church music
The nunc dimittis is sung daily in the hourly prayer . With its peaceful thanksgiving and farewell mood, it belongs to Compline , the night prayer of the Church; in the Anglican Church it is part of the Evensong together with the Magnificat .
In some Lutheran churches such as the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church , the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod and the ELCA , the Nunc dimittis is also used as a song of thanks as part of postcommunio in the sacrament liturgy.
Based on the Nunc dimittis, Martin Luther created the chorale Mit Fried und Freud I drive there . The chorale from the time of the Reformation and revised by Philipp Spitta , Im Frieden dein, O Herrre mein, has found ecumenical dissemination. In Protestant church music, this text often served as the basis for funeral compositions.
Examples of settings
- Heinrich Schütz : in the musical exequies
- Dieterich Buxtehude : With Fried and Freud , four contrapuntal movements about the four stanzas of Luther's song, as funeral music
- Johann Sebastian Bach :
- Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy : Motet opus 69,1, Lord, now you let your servant go in peace for choir and solo parts (1847)
- Johannes Brahms : Motet opus 74,1, Why is light given to the laborious? for mixed choir a cappella last part: Luther chorale With Fried and Freud I'll go there
- Peter Cornelius : Christmas carol opus 8,4: Simeon
- Geoffrey Burgon : for organ, trumpet and soprano; Film music in the credits of the BBC miniseries Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
- Arvo Pärt : for mixed choir (SATB) a capella (2001).
- Anthony William Ruff: Nunc dimittis . In: Religion Past and Present (RGG). 4th edition. Volume 6, Mohr-Siebeck, Tübingen 2003, Sp. 434-435.
- Sheet music in the public domain by Nunc dimittis in the Choral Public Domain Library - ChoralWiki (English)
- The Bible or all of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. Stuttgart 1912. Quoted from zeno.org