Tönninger Castle

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The Tönninger Castle on an engraving from 1598

The Tönninger Castle ( since . Tønning slot or Tønninghus ) was in the years from 1580 to 1583 under Duke Adolf of Schleswig-Gottorf in town Tonning in Schleswig-Holstein built. The palace, which was demolished again in 1735 by the Danish King Friedrich V , was the most elaborate palace on the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein. The former castle grounds including the garden can still be seen in the Tönningen townscape today.

historical overview

Replica of the castle in the city park in Tönning

Duke Adolf I had Tönninger Castle built after he became the first Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf . Another motive was his intention to expand the Eider into a connecting route between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in order to be able to compete with the Stecknitz Canal . The castle was one of the numerous buildings in his reign, including the Reinbek Castle , the Trittauer Castle and the Kiel Castle , as well as the partial reconstruction of the Gottorf Castle . The building in Tönning was built around the same time as the palace in front of Husum , which was also built by order of Adolf I and which also served as a residence when the duke visited the western part of his scattered territory. Above all, however, it served as the official residence of the stable owner Caspar Hoyer and his successors.

The Dutch builder Hercules von Obernberg was mainly influenced by the royal hunting lodge Challuau (later Saint-Ange castle, destroyed) in France. The castle had four pavilions at the four corners, over each of which a tower rose. The two-storey central building also contained a (smaller) tower in which the stairwell was located.

The Gottorf Duke Friedrich III. After the experience of the Thirty Years' War, Tönning expanded into a fortress that occupied a strategically important position in western Schleswig-Holstein.

After the Duchy of Gottorf was officially neutral during the Northern War (1700 to 1721), but the Tönning fortress was made available to the Swedes, the Danish King Frederick V besieged the city twice. During the first siege, the city suffered from extensive artillery fire, which also damaged the castle. After the victory of the Danish-Russian allies in the Northern War in 1714 , Friedrich also took the castle and the town of Tönning. He had the Tönning fortress razed and the castle demolished until 1735.


Today there are only four sculptures made of sandstone of the decorative elements , which are called " additional cheeks" and represent the ancient deities Venus and Mercury . These are covered in the city park of Tönning, a simple replica of the castle also adorns the park's duck pond.


  • Peter Hirschfeld: Mansions and castles in Schleswig-Holstein. 5th, improved and enlarged edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-422-00712-1 .

Web links

Commons : Schloss Tönning  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Society for Tönninger Stadtgeschichte eV: The Schleswig-Holstein Canal (1784-1895) . Text sheet in the museum (packing house).
  2. Floor plan of Chateau Challuau  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed May 18, 2010.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / diglit.ub.uni-heidelberg.de  

Coordinates: 54 ° 18 ′ 54.5 ″  N , 8 ° 56 ′ 30.4 ″  E