Charlotte Amalie of Hessen-Kassel
Charlotte Amalie von Hessen-Kassel (born April 27, 1650 in Kassel , † March 27, 1714 in Copenhagen ) was a princess of Hessen-Kassel and queen of Denmark by marriage .
Charlotte Amalie was the eldest daughter of Landgrave Wilhelm VI. von Hessen-Kassel (1629–1663) from his marriage to Hedwig Sophie (1623–1683), daughter of Elector Georg Wilhelm von Brandenburg . The princess was raised strictly reformist .
She married the Danish Crown Prince and later King Christian V of Denmark and Norway on June 25, 1667 in Nykøbing . The marriage contract stipulated that she could keep her Reformed faith. This makes her the only Danish queen who did not convert to the Lutheran faith. At first, however, she was hindered from practicing her belief. On the occasion of Christian V's coronation in 1670, it was requested that the queen convert before her anointing . Charlotte Amalie successfully engaged her mother and her uncle, Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg , to mediate.
The Queen had a major influence on the admission of Huguenots from France who had been expelled into Denmark. In 1685, the king granted extensive privileges to religious refugees. In 1689 the first Reformed Church in Copenhagen, built with a large part by Charlotte Amalie, was consecrated. The Queen is the founder of all Reformed parishes in Denmark and is responsible for the free practice of religion by all Reformed in the Danish states, which she also endowed with rich church foundations.
Her popularity in Denmark increased significantly when she participated in the Organization to Defend Copenhagen when Charles XII. of Sweden invaded Zealand around 1700 . She carefully managed her lands in Denmark.
The city of Charlotte Amalie in what was then the Danish West Indies and Charlottenborg Palace in Copenhagen are named after her. She had the latter rebuilt, moved into it in 1699 and lived there until her death. The building has been home to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts since 1754 . Charlotte Amalie is buried in Roskilde Cathedral .
|Moritz Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel (1572–1632)|
|Wilhelm V Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (1602–1637)|
|Agnes zu Solms-Laubach (1578–1602)|
|William VI. Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel (1629–1663)|
|Philipp Ludwig II of Hanau-Münzenberg (1576–1612)|
|Amalie Elisabeth von Hanau-Münzenberg (1602–1651)|
|Katharina Belgica of Orange-Nassau (1578–1648)|
|Charlotte Amalie of Hessen-Kassel|
|Johann Sigismund Elector of Brandenburg , (1572–1620)|
|Georg Wilhelm Elector of Brandenburg (1595–1640)|
|Anna of Prussia (1576–1625)|
|Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg (1623–1683)|
|Friedrich IV. Elector of the Palatinate (1574–1610)|
|Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (1597–1660)|
|Luise Juliana of Orange-Nassau (1576–1644)|
From their marriage, Charlotte Amalie had the following children:
- Frederick IV (1671–1730), King of Denmark
- ⚭ 1. 1695 Duchess Luise of Mecklenburg (1667–1721)
- ⚭ 2. 1721 Countess Anna Sophie von Reventlow (1693–1743)
- Christian (1672–1673)
- Christian (1675–1695)
- Sophie Hedwig (1677-1735)
- Christiane Charlotte (1679–1689)
- Karl (1680–1729)
- Wilhelm (1687–1705)
- Louis Bobé : Charlotte Amalie, Queen of Denmark, Princess of Hessen-Cassel and the beginnings of the German and French Reformed Church in Copenhagen . Munksgaard, Copenhagen 1940.
- Pauline Puppel: The regent. Guardian rule in Hesse 1500–1700 (= history and genders . Volume 43). Campus, Bonn 2004, ISBN 3-593-37480-3 , pp. 247-248 ( books.google.com ).
- Charlotte Amalie of Hessen-Kassel . In: Carl Frederik Bricka (Ed.): Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Tillige omfattende Norge for Tidsrummet 1537-1814. 1st edition. tape 3 : Brandt – Clavus . Gyldendalske Boghandels Forlag, Copenhagen 1889, p. 440 (Danish, runeberg.org ).
- Denmark, Charlotte Amalie Queen of. Hessian biography. (As of December 19, 2019). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- ↑ Barbara Dölemeyer: Economy and Tolerance - Economic goals, means and results of the Huguenot acceptance in European countries . In: Jean-François Kervégan, Heinz Mohnhaupt (ed.): Economy and economic theories in legal history and philosophy (= studies on European legal history . Volume 176). Klostermann, 2004, ISBN 3-465-03362-0 , p. 75 ( books.google.com ).
- ^ Friedrich Münter: Magazine for Church History and Canon Law of the North . Volume 2, part 10. Hammerich, Altona 1794, p. 4 ( books.google.com ).
- ↑ a b Prins Carl og prinsesse Sophie Hedevig (Danish) , accessed May 22, 2013
|Sophie Amalie of Braunschweig-Calenberg||Queen of Denmark and Norway
|Louise of Mecklenburg|
|SURNAME||Charlotte Amalie of Hessen-Kassel|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Princess of Hessen-Kassel, Queen of Denmark by marriage|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 27, 1650|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||kassel|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 27, 1714|
|Place of death||Copenhagen|