Lord Chamberlain's Men

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Drawing of the old Globe Theater from 1642
Part of the former Blackfriars Theater on Spain Lane, London, was restored in 1963

The Lord Chamberlain's Men theater company was the most successful London company during the time of Queen Elizabeth I.


You mainly belonged to William Shakespeare as an actor , playwright and business partner. She named herself after the Lord Chamberlain of the Household , the royal censor and master of ceremonies. In Shakespeare's time it was mainly George Carey, 2nd Baron Hunsdon and before that, until his death, his father Henry Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon , who supported the troupe as patron since the 1560s. With his appointment as Lord Chamberlain in July 1585, they renamed themselves to the Lord Chamberlain's Men. In 1594 they merged under this name with the Lord Strange's Men , who had been under the patronage of Ferdinando Stanley, Lord Strange, who had died around 1594 . In 1603, after the accession of King James I ( James I ), they were renamed The King's Men and enjoyed royal sponsorship and patronage. The troupe lasted until all theaters were closed at the beginning of the English Civil War in 1642.

Their theater was the Globe on the south bank of the Thames , later also the Blackfriars Theater , which, in contrast to the Globe, was covered, was located in the center of London and played for higher social classes.

The theater company was headed by Richard Burbage , a star among the actors in his day, who played Hamlet , King Lear , Othello and Macbeth , among others . As far as we think we know today, Shakespeare only appeared in minor roles, such as the ghost in Hamlet . The clown was William Kempe , replaced by Robert Armin after 1599 . Partners were Burbage and Kempe, as well as from 1595 Shakespeare and from 1596 the actors John Heminges and Henry Condell . Heminges was also the long-time manager of the troupe, who together with Condell in 1623 published the first complete edition of Shakespeare's works ( Shakespeare's Folio ) based on the manuscripts in the troop's possession.


  • Gary Blackwood: Shakespeare's scribe. ( Shakespeare's scribe ). Dtv, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-423-70741-0 , (youth book).
  • JB Cheaney : The London Conspiracy. A Shakespeare novel. ( The playmaker ). Arena-Verlag, Würzburg 2004, ISBN 3-401-02337-3 , (book for young people).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wallace T. MacCaffrey: Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526-1596), courtier and administrator . In: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press 2004-12, online edition May 2011 , accessed October 23, 2012