Gabriel Bucelinus

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Gabriel Bucelinus

Gabriel Bucelinus OSB (actually Gabriel Buzlin , pseudonym also Gerhardus Belga , Bincelint and Buccelini ; * December 28, 1599 in Diessenhofen im Thurgau ; † June 9, 1681 in Weingarten ) was a Benedictine , polymath and humanist .


Gabriel, who came from a noble family, sent an ardent application to join the Upper Swabian Benedictine monastery in Weingarten in 1612 (when he was 13 years old) . His elderly and worried parents later supported him so that he was finally accepted in the same year. From 1617 he studied philosophy and theology at the Jesuit University in Dillingen an der Donau .

In April 1624 he was ordained a priest in Constance and became a novice master in Weingarten Monastery.

"At that time, Weingarten Abbey enjoyed the best religious and scientific reputation under the abbot Georg Wegelin, so that his religious people were called to other monasteries to establish the stricter discipline."

- Joseph Bergmann

In May 1624 Abbot Georg Wegelin sent him with two other monks in the position of novice master to the monastery of St. Trudpert in the southern Black Forest , so that the rules of faith could be better observed there and the level of education raised. In 1625 he returned to Weingarten Monastery and from 1627 worked as secretary to Abbot Franz Dietrich and at the same time for the Swabian Benedictine Congregation . In 1629 Buclin became professor of the humanities ( reading master ) in Weingarten .

Gabriel Bucelinus: View of the Mariaberg Monastery around 1650

Gabriel Bucelinus always maintained good relations with the land in front of the Arlberg and the St. Johann priory in Feldkirch (Weingartener monastery property). After previous short visits, he stayed there often and for long periods from 1632 or at his favorite seat , Blumenegg Castle . In the turmoil of the Thirty Years' War , he fled from the advancing Swedish troops in 1635, first to Vienna and Venice and several times to the Admont monastery in Styria . In Vienna, Bucelin stayed in the Schottenkloster from the end of 1643 to September 1644 , where he probably met his long-term close friend and best patron ( Maecenatum optimo ) Benedikt Pierin (1638–1662), who later became the Abbot of St. Lambrecht in Styria .

After the Swedish troops took the city of Bregenz in January 1647, Bucelinus again evaded to Admont and devoted himself to his studies. In mid-1649 he went to Venice, where his first works appeared in print. At the end of 1650 he returned to his home monastery.

From 1651 he worked for 30 years as prior of the St. Johann monastery in Feldkirch . It was the main period of his literary work. From here he also took part in the Reichstag in Regensburg in 1653. In March 1681 he fell ill and returned - almost blind - to Weingarten, where he died after a few months.


  1. Valentin Butzlin from Wangen (* around 1520), appointed city ​​physician (city doctor) in Überlingen in 1546 ; had three daughters and six sons
    1. Joachim Butzlin, 1580 city doctor in Überlingen
    2. Sebastian Butzlin, Master of Arts in Liberal Arts
    3. Konrad Butzlin, town clerk in Rufach
    4. Georg Butzlin, master of liberal arts , preacher and administrator of the German House of Freiburg in Üechtland
    5. Andreas Butzlin, citizen in Constance
    6. Johann Jacob Butzlin (* around 1550), resident in Konstanz, ∞ Anna, b. Vogt von Wartenfels and Ober-Castell had two sons
      1. Marianus Butzlin (* 1590; † 1648) was prior to Neu-St. Johann in the Thurtal
      2. Gabriel Butzlin (* 1599; † 1681)


Bucelinus was a universal scholar who left a rich work behind, which in addition to around 53 writings on genealogy, world history, hagiography and the history of the order also included plans, maps and numerous hand drawings, especially of monasteries in Upper Swabia. Due to the turmoil of the war, only the smaller part of Bucelinus' works was published. A large part of his unpublished manuscripts is kept in the Württemberg State Library .

Literary works

He is one of the first authors to study church history in the Holy Roman Empire . His published works include:

  • Nuclei Historiae Universalis… . Ulm, 1650, 1652 ( digitized version ), 1654, 1658, German: The whole Universal Historiae Nusskern , Augsburg 1657
  • Aquila Imperii Benedictina . Venice 1651 ( digitized version )
  • Germania topo-chrono-stemmatographica sacra et profana . 4 volumes, Ulm and Augsburg 1655–1678 ( digitized version )
  • Annales Benedictini . Vienna 1655 / Augsburg 1656 ( digitized version )
  • Menologium Benedictinum . Feldkirch 1655 (the life of Saint Benedictines by month days)
  • Rhaetia etrusca, romana, gallica, germanica . Augsburg 1661
  • Rhaetia sacra et profana . Augsburg 1666
  • Constantia sacra et profana . Frankfurt 1667
  • Vita et res praeclare gestae S. Gerardi Sagredi patritii Veneti… magni Ungarorum episcopi proto-martyris Venetorum . St. Gallen 1672 ( digitized version )
  • Benedictus redivivus . Feldkirch 1679 ( digitized version )

Bucelinus was also the author of numerous works on the Benedictine order and its most famous members, including Aquila imperii Benedictina (Venice, 1651), Annales Benedictini (Vienna 1655, Augsburg 1656) and Menologium Benedictinum (Feldkirch, 1655).

Bucelin also wrote his ascetic writings under the pseudonym Gerhardus Belga , at the end of 1639 . P. 44

Works as a draftsman, geographer and cartographer

“It must be said that most of what Bucelin created as a draftsman, geographer and cartographer has been lost. Only the illustrations of his books and those maps and drawings that he added to a handwritten volume (ephemeris) have survived so that they are not lost. "

- Thomas J. Stump


Web links

Commons : Gabriel Bucelin  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c see literature Julius Kindler von Knobloch: Oberbadisches gender book
  2. a b c see literature Joseph Bergmann: Der Genealogy P. Gabriel Bucelin
  3. ^ Joseph Bergmann: The Genealogy P. Gabriel Bucelin . In: Meeting reports of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-historical class. Vol. 38, 1862, pp. 47-58, here: 49.
  4. a b see literature Thomas J. Stump: Pictures from Vorarlberg in works by P. Gabriel Bucelin
  5. ^ Joseph Bergmann: The Genealogy P. Gabriel Bucelin . In: Meeting reports of the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Philosophical-historical class. Vol. 38, 1862, pp. 47-58.
  6. see also portrait of the grandfather by Gabriel Bucelin's hand
  7. see also portrait of the father by Gabriel Bucelin's hand
  8. Thomas J. Stump: With pen and compass. Gabriel Bucelinus, 1599-1681, as a draftsman and cartographer, architect and art lover , Sigmaringen 1976, p. 24.