Peace of Crepy

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Peace of Crépy was a treaty between Emperor Charles V and the French King Franz I. It was concluded on September 18, 1544 in Crépy (Aisne) northeast of Paris. There are also sources that date the signature on September 19th. After four unsuccessful Italian wars , he briefly ended the conflict between the Habsburgs and France.

After Charles V had concluded an alliance with King Henry VIII of England in 1543 and Charles's Marne campaign remained unsuccessful, the emperor tried to focus more on the conditions in the empire and the counter-reformation he was striving for . The Peace of Crépy was signed in September 1544, restoring the status quo of 1538. England should now continue the fight against France, but was then less successful.

The peace of Crépy gave the emperor the possibilities and means, after an alliance with the Pope Paul III. (1546) to take action against the Schmalkaldic Confederation and to counter the threat from the Ottoman Empire in Hungary more actively (see Turkish Wars ).

Francis I renounced in this peace agreement on his conquests in Italy , mainly due to the duchy of Milan (the fiefdom remained) and the to Spain belonging to the kingdom of Naples . Charles V, on the other hand, gave up his claims to Burgundy , to which he had previously made claims due to his descent from Charles the Bold , the last Burgundian duke from the House of Burgundy-Valois .

In addition, in the secret Treaty of Meudon, Francis I assured the emperor that he would support the unification of the church.


Web links

Commons : Treaty of Crépy  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

supporting documents

  1. ^ Alfred Kohler : Karl V. 1500–1558. A biography. 3rd, revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-406-45359-7 , p. 293 .

Coordinates: 49 ° 36 ′ 18 ″  N , 3 ° 30 ′ 53 ″  E