Apollonia von Wiedebach

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Apollonia von Wiedebach.jpg
Coat of arms - Wiedebach (Meissen) .jpg

Apollonia von Wiedebach, painting by
Lucas Cranach the Elder Ä.
Coat of arms of the Lords of Wiedebach from Saxony
Epitaph of Apollonias and Georgs von Wiedebach in the Leipzig Thomaskirche

Apollonia von Wiedebach (also: Appolonia ) (* 1470 in Freiberg ; †  January 21, 1526 in Leipzig ) was a Saxon noblewoman and founder.

Live and act

As the daughter of Freiberg's mayor Stefan Alnpeck , she was one of the most respected families in the mountain town from birth. She married the Leipzig councilor Jacob von Blasbalg , the founder of the financial treasury of the Duchy of Saxony . Blasbalg transferred the manor Loessnig to her for life in 1487 . There are three sons from this marriage.

After Blasbalg's death in 1490, the sovereign first entrusted the Schneeberg tithe clerk Caspar von Sals, and after his resignation in late 1490, the widowed Apollonia was responsible for the accounting of the duchy. This made her the first woman in Ernestine Saxony who was allowed to perform such a function.

Second husband Georg von Wiedebach

In 1491 she married the ducal bailiff and rent master Georg von Wiedebach, one of the wealthiest men in Saxony, who took over the ducal accounts at Easter 1491. Later Wiedebach was also the castle captain of the Pleißenburg in Leipzig. After Wiedebach's death in 1524, his fortune fell to Apollonia, who put it in a will for charitable purposes in foundations that were carried out until the beginning of the twentieth century. These affected hospitals, poor people and also the city of Leipzig for improving the streets. She also gave her money to finance a Lutheran preaching position at St. Thomas or St. Nikolai , as she was a follower and advocate of the Reformation , even though her husband was a Catholic civil servant.

The city of Leipzig honored its former citizen and generous benefactor in 1895 by naming Wiedebachstraße and Wiedebachplatz in the Connewitz district, which was incorporated in 1891 . Furthermore, a high school in Connewitz has been named after her since 2007.


  • Alexander Puff: The finances of Albrecht the courageous (Leipzig historical treatises; Volume 26). Verlag Quelle & Meyer, Leipzig 1911, pp. 65–70 (also dissertation, University of Leipzig 1911)
  • Gerhard Fischer: From two centuries of Leipzig trading history 1470–1650. Commercial immigration and its effects . Central antiquariat of the GDR, Leipzig 1978 (unchanged reprint of the Leipzig edition 1929).
  • Ernst Müller: The house names of old Leipzig from 15.-20. Century. With references to sources and historical explanations (= writings of the Association for the History of Leipzig. Volume 15). Hirt, Leipzig 1990, ISBN 3-7470-0001-0 (EA Leipzig 1931)
  • Max J. Friedländer , Jakob Rosenberg: The paintings by Lucas Cranach . Parkland-Verlag, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-88059-343-4 , no. 177b (unchanged reprint of the Stuttgart 1979 edition).
  • Klaus Sohl (Hrsg.): New Leipzig history book . Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig 1990, ISBN 3-343-00665-3 (on the occasion of the 850th anniversary of the trade fair city).
  • Gina Klank: Lexicon of Leipzig street names . City archive, Leipzig 1995, ISBN 3-930433-09-5 .

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