Principality of Anhalt-Dessau

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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
coat of arms
Map of Anhalt (1747-1793) .svg
Map of Anhalt

Consist 1396-1863
Arose from Principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
Form of rule Principality
from 1806 duchy
Ruler / government Prince / Duke
Today's region / s DE-ST

Dynasties Ascanians
Denomination / Religions evangelical-union

Incorporated into Duchy of Anhalt

Anhalt-Dessau was a German territory of the Ascanian dynasty (first princely, then duchy), it existed from 1396 to 1863 and was then incorporated into the duchy of Anhalt . During the existence of the principality it was reduced several times through the division of inheritance.

The principality was created in 1396 through the division of the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst into Anhalt-Köthen and Anhalt-Dessau. In 1474 the estate was divided into Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Köthen, and another in 1544, which resulted in Anhalt-Plötzkau , Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Zerbst . After Prince Bernhard von Anhalt-Zerbst's death, the Principality of Anhalt was united under one ruler under Prince Joachim Ernst von Anhalt-Dessau in 1570. As a result of the inheritance agreement between the sons of Prince Joachim Ernst, the united Principality of Anhalt was divided into Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Bernburg , Anhalt-Köthen and Anhalt-Zerbst . In 1611 the fifth principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau was created (under the sovereignty of Bernburg) through the spin-off of the Plötzkau office from the Bernburg principality.

The principality was elevated to a duchy in 1806. With the extinction of the lines in Köthen in 1847 and in Bernburg in 1863, the duchies merged to form a unified duchy of Anhalt with Dessau as the capital.

The rulers were the princes of Anhalt-Dessau .

The archival sources of the former Principality of Anhalt-Dessau are in the Dessau department of the Saxony-Anhalt State Archives .

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