Accademia di Belle Arti (Florence)

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View of the Accademia from Piazza San Marco (2005)
The original of the David statue in the Galleria dell'Accademia , Florence
Students in the Sala Minerva (2014)

The Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence , also known as the Accademia or Galleria dell'Accademia , was the first academy for painting in Europe. It was founded in 1563 under the patronage of Cosimo I de 'Medici by Giorgio Vasari , Agnolo Bronzino and Bartolomeo Ammanati , three of the most important artists of Mannerism . It has been called the Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze since 1784 . The Accademia started operations in the Santissima Annunziata church. When the Accademia decided to take in Artemisia Gentileschi (1593–1653), it was a sensation.

In 1784, Grand Duke Leopold of Tuscany decreed that all the painting schools in Florence should be brought together under one roof and under the direction of the Accademia, and that they should contain a gallery with paintings by old masters to help the young artists with their studies. The Accademia and the associated gallery still fulfill this mandate today, now in a former convent and hospice in Via Ricasoli.

The Grand Duke also decided that the arts to be promoted by the Accademia should include music and art restoration, so that since then the Cherubini Conservatory and Opificio delle Pietre Dure have been included.

In the rooms of the Accademia the stand David by Michelangelo since he 1873 by his stand at the Palazzo Vecchio was brought to his protection here, as well as his prisoners ( Prigioni ) responsible for the grave of Pope Julius II. Were provided Giambologna's original sculptures for the robbery of the Sabine women , as well as outstanding paintings from Florence of the 15th and 16th centuries. Another focus of the Galleria dell'Accademia is painting from the 13th and 14th centuries. This makes it one of the most important art collections in Florence.


Famous students were:


  • Ugo Procacci : La Galleria dell'Accademia di Firenze , La libreria dello stato, Rome 1951.
  • A Gallery: The Official Guide All of the Works / [Texts: Franca Faletti, Marclla Anglani, Gabriele Rossi Rognoni]. Updated ed.Gunti, Milan 2006, ISBN 88-09-04881-4 .

Web links

Commons : Galleria dell'Accademia  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence in the directory of museums and galleries of the Ministry of Cultural Goods and Tourism (Italy). Accessed April 3, 2015

Coordinates: 43 ° 46 ′ 36.9 ″  N , 11 ° 15 ′ 30.5 ″  E