By 1914 there were 45 schools in Chemnitz for around 49,000 school-age children. When the decision was made to build a new school building, the history of the Humboldt School began, which housed a boys 'and girls' school. It got its name because the elevation visible from afar in the east of the city is called "Humboldthöhe". The new building was designed by the Chemnitz City Planning Officer Richard Möbius in the late Art Nouveau style and inaugurated on April 20, 1914. In the first few years it was a common elementary school . Only with the Weimar Republic began a reorientation towards a free experimental school .
From Easter 1921, the "Chemnitz Experimental School" began its work under the direction of Ottmar Fröhlich. From 1924 it was called the “Free Humboldt School Chemnitz” for the next twelve years. In addition to the old conventional Humboldt School (boys 'elementary school), the school building now also housed the experimental school, which initially continued to work as a girls' school, but later switched to mixed classes. Ideas and goals of reform education were u. a .:
- Community education through the community (school festivals, sports and swimming festivals)
- Education for work (handicraft lessons)
- Aesthetics / aesthetic education (school choir, school orchestra, theater group)
- Separation of religion and school
In 1924 the first school camp could take place, from 1929 the school had its own school camp “Kreuztanne”. At the end of the 1920s, the educational facility was converted into an all-day school . During the global economic crisis , it offered children a second home and the school became a social meeting place.
The takeover of power by the National Socialists in 1933 brought an involuntary end to this reform school, and National Socialist ideas settled here until 1945. The school camps were closed, the school newspaper "Sonnenberg-Blätter der Humboldtschule" banned. During the Second World War the school served as a hospital.
As part of the school policy of the GDR , the former experimental school became a polytechnic secondary school in 1949 . In 1955 the pedagogical institute moved into this building as host and trained student teachers. An expanded high school was added four years before the fall of the Wall. After the school reform, around 250 primary and 235 secondary school students shared the building with students from the Technical University of Chemnitz-Zwickau until 1994 .
In 1994, the Fürstenstrasse grammar school moved to the Humboldt School, which was named " Alexander von Humboldt Grammar School" in 1995 , and in November 1994 the Chemnitz University of Technology moved out of the building. Now there is only one elementary school on the premises besides the grammar school.
From the 2003/04 school year, the elementary school moved out of the building due to renovation and refurbishment work, which should continue until the beginning of 2008. The city council resolution B-18/2004 of February 25, 2004 decided to abolish the grammar school at the end of the 2004/2005 school year.
Since February 18, 2008 the Johannes-Kepler-Gymnasium Chemnitz has been housed in the building.
- Felix Menzel (* 1985), German publicist