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The Klínovec seen from Meluzína to the east

The Klínovec from eastern Meluzína seen

height 1243.7  m nm
location Karlovy Vary Region , Czech Republic
Mountains Ore Mountains
Dominance 130.6 km →  Osser
Notch height 764 m ↓  NE Furth
Coordinates 50 ° 23 '45 "  N , 12 ° 58' 4"  O Coordinates: 50 ° 23 '45 "  N , 12 ° 58' 4"  E
Klínovec (Czech Republic)
rock Mica slate
particularities highest mountain in the Ore Mountains , Keilbergturm ( AT ), television tower , ski area
Aerial photos of the summit development (2009)

Aerial photos of the summit development (2009)

Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD1

The Klínovec ( German  Keilberg , formerly: Sonnenwirbel ) is with 1243.7  m nm the highest elevation in the Ore Mountains . It is located in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic . Together with the nearby Fichtelberg on the German side, it forms the most important winter sports area in the Ore Mountains.

Location and surroundings

The Klínovec is located in the central Ore Mountains directly on its southern steep drop. The former royal Bohemian mountain town Jáchymov ( St. Joachimsthal ) is located at the southern foot of the mountain . On the Ore Mountains ridge are the small towns Boží Dar ( Gottesgab ), Loučná pod Klínovcem ( Bohemian Wiesenthal ) and Háj u Loučné ( Stolzenhain ) and on the German side the health resort Oberwiesenthal near the Klínovec. The solar vortex houses formerly located on the shoulder of the mountain were abandoned after the Germans were expelled from Czechoslovakia after 1945. On the summit plateau is the decaying mountain hotel with the observation tower, which was reconstructed in 2013, as well as other restaurants and a television or radio tower.


The Klinovec is made up of metamorphic sedimentary rocks such as mica schist , paragneiss and quartzites . In the northwest side there are also dikes and rocks of volcanic origin; these tertiary alkaline volcanic rocks are called Haüynites .


The settlement of the mountain and place on the Sonnenwirbel is mentioned for the first time in the oldest marriage book of St. Joachimsthal (from 1531) with a wedding on February 17, 1544, when Paul Vischer Margaretha, daughter of Thomas Schubart vom Sonnenwirbel, married. At that time, the place on the mountain of the same name must have already existed and be used economically by miners. This is followed by various other mentions in the church register, so that a small settlement can be concluded at this time. In 1562 Johannes Mathesius , who was employed as rector and pastor in Sankt Joachimsthal at the time, reports on the development of this mountain region by miners. In a topographical representation he mentions the mountain as a "sun vortex" . Jaroslaus Schaller names the mountain and the settlement of the same name as the "vortex of the sun" in his "Topography of the Kingdom of Bohemia" published in 1785. In the maps of the plant Franziszeischer Landesaufnahme (1842-1853) of the peaks as is "Sonnenwirbel as" designated. Finally, the designation “Sonnenwirbl” for summit and settlement appears in a parceling croquis of the municipality of Joachimsthal from 1842, the position of which corresponds to the records of Mathesius.

In the second half of the 19th century, the name "Keilberg" replaced the old name "Sonnenwirbel" . In 1847 Johann Gottfried Sommer referred to the highest Ore Mountains summit as "Wedge Mountain " , although he referred to the foothills that adjoin the summit to the northwest and close to Boží Dar as the solar vortex. The same can be found, for example, in the writings of August Emanuel von Reuss and Anton Adolph Schmidl .

In the course of the Franzisco-Josephinische Landesaufnahme (1869–1887) it was mapped as "Keilberg" with the addition of solar vortices. With the establishment of Czechoslovakia , to whose territory the Keilberg now belonged, bilingualism also began on the mountain top. A Czech name was chosen for the mountain, which was initially Klin for short . In the second half of the 1920s, the name Klínovec prevailed.

In historical records, the highest summit of the Ore Mountains can easily be confused with the elevation of the same name, also located on Joachimsthaler Flur. This "Keilberg" is again first named by Mathesius in 1562, previously it was called "Kolberg" by the same author. On an official cadastral indication sketch from 1842, the elevation called "Kailberg" is located a little north of the Jáchymov district of Nové Město (New Town).


Summit development and construction

Beginnings in the 19th century

The “Kaiser Franz Josef Lookout Tower” for the opening on August 3, 1884

According to a report from the Gottesgaber parish archive from 1825, a viewing pyramid was built on the summit in 1817, but it had already fallen into disrepair in the reporting year. In 1838 the St. Joachimsthal postman and a local innkeeper had a new lookout point (“ Gloriett ”) built. The building material was provided free of charge by the city administration of St. Joachimsthal. In 1845/46, this also had a road to the summit built above the solar vortex houses, branching off the existing road. - At that time Karlovy Vary spa guests visited this vantage point particularly often , but the “Gloriett” burned down completely in 1868.

On May 30, 1880, the Erzgebirgsverein was founded in St. Joachimsthal with the aim of rebuilding a lookout tower from the start. On July 4th of the same year it was decided to build a brick observation tower. In anticipation of the fact that it would take a long time to be realized, it was decided to erect a wooden tower in the meantime. This was completed just a week after the order.

In order to finance the stone building, donations were called in 1881 and petitions were made. However, these did not bring the desired success - after two years only 1,100  guilders had been collected. Thereupon the association committee decided to be jointly and severally liable for any shortfall in the construction costs. The city administration of St. Joachimsthal let the association use the construction area and also allowed the extraction of building materials in the vicinity. On June 17, 1883, the construction was transferred to the Kaaden master builder Josef Peter with an estimated sum of 3000 guilders . During the construction this sum increased to 4,300 guilders. Between September 28 and May 18 of the following year, work was suspended due to the weather. The tower was finally inaugurated on August 3, 1884. The first tower warden managed the tower and its side extensions only in summer and when the weather was good.

The "Kaiser Franz Josef Lookout Tower" was a 17 meter high, octagonal stone building. A pyramid roof resting on eight stone pillars was enthroned above the viewing platform. Inside, a spiral staircase led to the platform. In order to partially protect the visitors from bad weather, the rear part of the platform was later partitioned off by glazed windows between the stone pillars. It is noteworthy that, due to a faulty foundation , the spire showed a deflection of 60 centimeters from the vertical at an early stage.

Multiple expansion of the accommodation buildings

The observation tower with the first accommodation house built in 1893
The access road to the summit in winter 2012/2013

Soon afterwards, the side extensions were no longer sufficient for the growing stream of visitors and plans for extensions were made. After 1886, the city council left a 416 square meter plot of land on which the tower stood free of charge to the association. The first extension in 1893 was a single-storey house with a guest room. Since then, the tower warden has lived permanently on the summit during the summer months. A cellar was built the following year. One of the two side rooms of the tower was used as a kitchen, the other served as a living room. Soon afterwards, there was again a lack of space for the visitors, the lack of overnight accommodation was particularly lamented, so that as an interim solution a wooden shed with a pointed roof was built to the right of the tower entrance, which had several overnight camps. The association decided on May 28, 1899 to have a larger extension carried out. The city administration donated another area and the local savings bank approved a loan for the construction. The wooden lodging house was built in 1900 for 16,092  crowns . It contained a spacious hall on the ground floor, which was built in honor of the President of the Central Committee for the Promotion of Employment of Boehm, who died in 1887. Erzgebirge residents “ Richard Ritter von Dotzauer Dotzauer-Saal was named, as well as a kitchen. On the upper floor there were nine heatable guest rooms including ancillary rooms. Since this building could not be left unattended in winter, the Keilberghaus was inhabited and managed all year round from then on, although the number of visitors from autumn to spring was very low.

In 1903 the Erzgebirgsverein in St. Joachimsthal invited to a meeting of representatives of neighboring communities and mountain associations on both sides of the state border in order to discuss measures to promote tourism with the introduction of a large winter sports business. In order to also offer rides in horse-drawn sleighs to the summit, it was necessary to build a stable building southeast of the observation tower. After the city administration had again granted a small property extension, a spacious stable was built in 1903 for 5,300 crowns. The number of winter guests rose and that of summer guests continued to grow. In 1905, the association received a request from the military to accommodate soldiers for skiing exercises. In order to create adequate space, the stable building was raised in 1906 and an extension was added so that a dormitory and two rooms could be kept. These were first used in the winter of 1906/07. At the end of 1906, a telephone station was opened in the accommodation building, and the post office in Gottesgab had been in existence since 1894. Since 1885 there was a four-horse omnibus connection from Karlsbad - it ran once a day in the summer months. After long negotiations about the need to build a road to the summit, the St. Joachimsthal district administration recognized the benefits and finally agreed to build a 1,800-meter-long district road. She approved 2000 kroner for the uncovered part of the construction costs, the association undertook to pay the district committee the expenses for maintenance measures. The building was realized from 1906 to 1907, the costs for the association could be reduced through emergency aid. In addition, the payment of the maintenance costs to the district administration was checked annually and finally waived completely. In 1917 the road was widened and in 1923 it was rolled.

Summit with hotel and observation tower (demolished in 2012), the television tower in the background

In 1907 the central committee decided to promote the employment of the boehm. Erzgebirge residents to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I in connection with the 60th anniversary of the association through an exhibition of arts and crafts and industrial products from the Bohemian Ore Mountains on the Keilberg. A massive exhibition hall was built, for which the city administration of St. Joachimsthal again approved a property extension. The foundation stone was laid on August 17th of that year and the roof of the hall could be completed before winter. At the same time, space was created in the area for visitors, cars and automobiles. The exhibition opened on June 1, 1908, and within a few weeks 40,000 visitors were counted. After the end of the exhibition, the hall, later renamed the Sobitschka hall by the association , was set up as a restaurant hall and connected to the Dotzauer hall by an intermediate building. The military no longer needed the dormitory created in 1906, so the association had it rebuilt in 1909 and ten more guest rooms could be created. In the following year, a wagon shed with a cellar and a two-row stable were added to this annex.

By including the exhibition hall, additional rooms were created, but apparently inadequate and the utility rooms no longer met the increased requirements. Whereupon the association decided on January 14, 1912 to build an extensive extension. This was realized in 1912–1913 and included a complete renovation or expansion of the old accommodation house. A three-storey building with a basement was built, the upper floors of which contained 30 guest rooms. All rooms were connected to a central heating system. In addition, electrical lighting was introduced, for which a 2,500 meter long supply line was built from the power station in Unterwiesenthal . A car hall with five departments was built next to the veranda. The construction work cost 130,700 crowns in total. They were financed through grants from the Central Committee for the Promotion of Employment at Boehm. Erzgebirge residents and the St. Joachimsthaler Sparkasse. In addition, there were state subsidies amounting to 30,000 kroner and a loan of 80,000 kroner, the remaining construction costs were successively repaid in the following years.

First World War and the interwar period

View from the Fichtelberg mountain station to the Klínovec

During the First World War, only the most necessary maintenance measures could be carried out on and in the buildings. Noteworthy are the lantern on the observation tower that was renewed in 1919, the complete cladding of the tower shaft with slate shingles and the replacement of the wooden window and door frames with iron ones. In addition, a new, larger vestibule was built at the entrance.

After the First World War, the association concluded a contract with the St. Joachimsthal city administration, according to which it purchased another area around its previous buildings for 12,687  Kčs . In 1927 the Erzgebirgsverein in St. Joachimsthal owned over 13 hectares of land.

In the 1920s, excursion traffic continued to increase. It was decided again to expand the existing premises extensively. Among other things, a 23-meter-long extension with a cellar for utility rooms was built on the north side of the Sobitschka hall. In addition, a new house was built on the west side, which contained six further twin rooms with cold and hot water connections on the upper floor and was connected to the Sobitschka hall. After completing this work, carried out in 1927, 80 beds as well as a number of sofas and frame mattresses were available. The total cost of the expansion measures was CZK 450,000.

At the end of the 1920s, there was a project for a cable car from a side valley from St. Joachimsthal to the summit. It is not known why this was not carried out.

On October 11, 1929, a fire broke out in the neighboring house southeast of the tower. The upper floor with ten guest rooms was completely destroyed, on the ground floor only the brick vaults remained. The replacement building at the same location began the following summer. The old stables were left in place but converted into car garages. A large guest room ("Erzgebirgsstube") and a kitchen were added to the south side. The upper and attic storeys contained guest rooms. All rooms were connected to a central heating system in the basement and also received cold and hot water connections. A closed connecting corridor was created on the upper floor between the main building and the side building. The building could be used from December 1931. A total of 51 guest rooms with 112 beds and a number of sofas were now available.

In addition, additional parking space for automobiles was created north of the building.

From World War II to 1990

The 80 meter high television tower on the Klínovec

During the Second World War it was used by the military for its own purposes, after the war it was sequestered. After a less successful hotel operation, it was again used by the military as a recreation center between 1951 and 1960. The reason for this lay in the exclusion zone established in the Jáchymov region in the course of uranium mining. After this condition was lifted, the mountain was again open to the general public. The operator of the buildings was now the company Restaurace a jídelny Karlovy Vary.

In the 1970s, the masonry of the observation tower was reinforced with shotcrete . Later, an 80-meter-high television tower was built north of the existing summit structures, which meant that the historical observation tower lost its dominant position. Also be on the TV tower amateur radio - relay stations OK0E ( 2-meter band ) and OK0BE ( 70-centimeter band ). In 1983 the last renovation work to date was carried out on the accommodation buildings.

Due to the post-war events, the flow of visitors from Germany almost completely broke off. Only after the abolition of the visa requirement for citizens of the GDR in 1972 and the associated reopening of the border crossing in Boží Dar , the mountain was again increasingly visited by the German side.

Since 1990

After 1990 accommodation buildings with a lookout tower including the property became the property of the Jáchymov city administration. The company sold the equipment in 1991 for CZK 18 million to the company Interconex, as Litoměřice, which promised to invest CZK 25 million in the complex. After the purchase price had been paid, the systems were sold to third parties, although the investment measures were never carried out. In the summer of 2003 the company Moon, as from Prague ceased commercial use of the facilities and offered the complex to the Jáchymov City Council for purchase. - Since the sale in 1991, the private owners have not carried out any maintenance measures to counteract the increasing deterioration.

View into a room of decaying accommodation buildings (2007)

After Jáchymov refused the offer, the Boží Dar city ​​administration was approached. After a few discussions and an inventory, the city council decided on August 7, 2003 that the entire complex should be bought by the company Služby Boží Dar sro , a wholly owned subsidiary of the city administration. In the same year, the first renovation and maintenance work began, in line with financial possibilities. Between 2003 and 2009, a total of CZK 6,589,000 was spent on such measures  . This included grants from the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic, the Karlovy Vary Region and the Keilberg Endowment Fund (established by the Boží Dar City Council), whose grants totaled CZK 1,107,000.

The objects on the Keilberg summit were to be rebuilt between 2004 and 2008 for around 250 million crowns. In 2004 the facilities were closed due to the desolate condition, and repair work on the stairs and roof of the observation tower began. In the spring of 2005, the walls of the tower were to be renovated using specially weather-resistant exterior plaster. Soon after the first areas of the old plaster layer were demolished, however, unrepairable masonry came to light. The subsequent verification of stability showed that the tower had to be completely demolished and rebuilt.

The observation tower, reconstructed in 2013 based on the old model (2015)

In order to carry out a reconstruction of the tower and, above all, to finance it, the city administration of Boží Dar, together with the German partner municipality Breitenbrunn, developed two applications for the provision of subsidies from the ZIEL 3 program to promote cross-border cooperation between the Czech Republic and the Free State of Saxony in 2007 –2013. Both applications for funding were accepted and the corresponding measures could be started. In 2009 the city administration bought the observation tower from the company Služby Boží Dar sro and announced the objective of making the reconstructed tower accessible to the public by 2013. The tower became part of the project "Establishment and infrastructure of tourism in the Central Ore Mountains - 1st phase", which included the reconstruction of the observation tower, the renovation of the road to the top, the expansion of museum exhibits and the establishment of the Boží Dar local museum. The total cost of this complex project was more than CZK 15 million.

The reconstruction work on the tower finally began in the summer of 2012. It was carried out by the company Chládek & Tintěra as from Litoměřice . The basic structure of the tower contained around 300 tons of material; around 150 cubic meters of stone masonry had to be removed. In coordination with the monument protection authorities, stones recovered during the demolition that were suitable for later reinstallation were marked accordingly. The old steps were reused in the new building. After the demolition, a new foundation was created and the tower was reconstructed in its old form.

On October 28, 2013, the new observation tower was opened to the public for the first time with a ceremony. A permanent exhibition on the history of the observation tower is housed in the annexes on both sides, as well as the images from two webcams on the observation platform.

The summit hotel has been for sale since February 19, 2016.

Winter sports


With the decision to introduce a generous winter sports business in 1903, two experienced horn sled drivers from the Giant Mountains were initially appointed, one of whom worked on the Keilberg and the other on the neighboring Fichtelberg and within a short period of time instructed a few men from the surrounding towns how to steer the horn sledges. Three toboggan runs to St. Joachimsthal, Wiesenthal and Gottesgab were set up, which could also be used for tobogganing. Sleigh rides were used intensively until the First World War, then they were discontinued. Also because skiing enjoyed an outstanding upturn at the time and sledging took a back seat. With the establishment of the Gottesgab winter sports club and the Oberwiesenthal ski club, the Fichtelberg-Keilberg area was gradually systematically developed. Club, association and military competitions contributed to the national level of awareness. At that time there were ski runs a. to St. Joachimsthal, Oberbrand, Gottesgab, Ober- and Unterwiesenthal and Schmiedeberg. In 1920 the city administration of St. Joachimsthal gave the local Ore Mountains Association a 1 hectare area immediately to the east of the accommodation facility for use as a ski practice area.

Ski jumping

In addition, the association considered the construction of a ski jump to be desirable. After a long search for a location, the “fox hole” on the northern slope was identified as a suitable location. The property owner accommodated the association by letting the forest property for an annual rent. The ski jumping facility was built in 1922 and financed from association funds. For the related winter sports activities, further development and also the expansion of the "Keilbergschanze" (also "Fuchslochschanze"), an independent association was formed in 1923 with the "German Ski Guild Keilberg". The profile was designed to be 27 meters and the take-off table was 3 meters high, later the jump was enlarged. The German Bohemian Willy Dick and the Norwegian Henry Ljungmann jumped 59.5 meters in 1925. The ski jump was used until the Second World War, after which it was abandoned. The last hill record was set in 1939 by Bohuslav Škoda with 64.5 meters.

Alpine skiing

Ski slopes on the northeast slope of Klínovec

In the 1920s, alpine skiing began to develop by clearing wooded areas and creating the first two ski slopes, which were also used for competitions.

After the end of the Second World War, the mountain was in the restricted zone established in the course of uranium mining, which was not lifted again until the 1960s. After it was released to the general public, the first ski lift on the mountain was put into operation. From 1968 the further development was intensively promoted. In the same year a two-seater lift was opened and in 1970 the lift built first was replaced by a more powerful one.

Two more slopes were created between 1974 and 1978 as a result of clearing, and two more lifts were opened by 1980. In the 1980s, floodlights were installed on a runway for the first time, and the first snowcat was purchased during the same period.

In 1991 the Skiareál Klínovec was privatized. Existing slopes were subsequently widened and in 1998 the construction of snow-making systems began. In 2003 a snowboard park was opened, several snow groomers purchased and the level of equipment improved by building new accommodation and dining facilities. In 2005, the modernization began with chairlifts, a 3-seater chairlift was the beginning. From 2011 to 2014 a total of three 4-seater chairlifts were put into operation, a new slope laid out and a ski bridge built over a street. Further plans envisage a connection to the town of Oberwiesenthal in Saxony.


View from the observation tower to the northeast of Háj u Loučné . Behind Kovářská with the Velký Špičák and on the horizon in the middle of the picture the peak of the Jelení hora .

From the summit there are currently individual views through gaps in the forest, especially towards Plešivec ( Plessberg ) and Blatenský vrch ( Plattenberg ).

From the observation tower you have a panoramic view of the entire Ore Mountains and large parts of Saxony and Bohemia - only minimally restricted by the television tower. With optimal weather conditions, the view extends to the Lusatian Mountains , the Jeschken Mountains , the approximately 200 kilometers away Schneekoppe in the Giant Mountains, the Bohemian Central Mountains , the Bílá hora near Prague, the Doupovské hory , the Bohemian Forest , the Upper Palatinate Forest , the Imperial Forest and the Fichtel Mountains .


Paths to the summit

Building condition in 2016

Ski Area

The Klínovec ski area , together with the Fichtelberg ski area, is the largest in the Ore Mountains . Due to the northern slope of most of the runs , it is also more snow reliable than the Fichtelberg area. The total length of the downhill slopes is 19 km. The longest run is the Jachymovská on the southern slope of the mountain, with a length of 2950 m it is also the longest run in the Ore Mountains. 4 chair lifts and 5 drag lifts lead to the summit. In 2012, a new 4-seater chairlift was built to replace the Pařezovka tow lift, which leads to the summit. The Jáchymovska 1-seater chairlift on the south side was replaced by a 4-seater chairlift with a weather protection cover for the 2014/2015 season.


  • Keilberg special issue . In: Nordwestböhmischer Gebirgsvereins-Verband (Hrsg.): Erzgebirgs-Zeitung. Monthly for folklore and local history, hiking care and tourism . 10th issue of the 48th year. Teplitz-Schönau October 1927 ( digitized version ).
  • Reinhart Heppner , Jörg Brückner , Helmut Schmidt: Saxon-Bohemian panoramic mountains of the western Ore Mountains in words and pictures with tourist information , Horb am Neckar, 2001, pp. 55–57

Web links

Commons : Klínovec  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. thehighrisepages.de: Mountains with indication of their independence, based on prominence, dominance and height. ( Memento of the original from October 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , last accessed October 24, 2014.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.thehighrisepages.de
  2. ^ Lutz Kühnl: 1st marriage book of St. Joachimsthal 1531 - 1554 , p. 133, Association of Sudetendeutscher Familienforscher, Regensburg, yearbook 2012
  3. ^ Johannes Mathesius : Sarepta or Bergpostill / Sampt of the Joachimßthalischen short chronicles. Nuremberg 1562 ( digitized version ).
  4. Johannes Mathesius: Sarepta or Bergpostill /… , S. CLXVII. ( Digitized version )
  5. Jaroslaus Schaller : Topography of the Kingdom of Bohemia. Second part. Elbow Circle . Prague 1785, p. 97. ( digitized version )
  6. Austrian State Archives : II. Military record (Franzensische Landkarten), 1842–1853, scale 1: 28,800. ( Memento of the original from October 25, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / mapire.eu archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 20, 2014.
  7. STABILNÍ KATASTR - indikační skici Národního: Parceling Croquis of the Jáchymov Commune , (1842) , accessed on October 20, 2014.
  8. Richard Schmidt: The border between the color line and the solar vortex - a witness of significant Upper Ore Mountains local history. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 63rd year, 1942, pp. 85–86. ( Digitized version )
  9. ^ Johann Gottfried Sommer : The Kingdom of Bohemia; presented statistically and topographically. Fifteenth volume. Elbogner Kreis. Prague 1847, p. II. ( Digitized version )
  10. August Emanuel von Reuss : Brief overview of the geognostic conditions in Bohemia. Prague 1834, p. 17. ( digitized version )
  11. ^ Anton Adolph Schmidl : The Kingdom of Bohemia. Stuttgart 1843, p. 8. ( digitized version )
  12. ^ Austrian State Archives: III. Military record (Franzisco-Josephinische Landesaufnahme), 1869–1887, scale 1: 75,000 , accessed on October 20, 2014.
  13. ^ Johannes Mathesius: Sarepta or Bergpostill /… , S. CLXVI. ( Digitized version ).
  14. STABILNÍ KATASTR - indikační skici Národního: Jáchymov - původně Joachimsthal - mapováno 1842, p. XIV , accessed on October 20, 2014.
  15. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 48th year, 1927, pp. 170–171. ( Digitized version )
  16. Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . Published by: City of Boží Dar, p. 2, accessed on October 24, 2014.
  17. a b c Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . ... p. 8.
  18. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., pp. 171–172.
  19. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., pp. 172-174.
  20. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., pp. 174-176.
  21. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., p. 176.
  22. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., pp. 176-178.
  23. ^ Anton Müller: The Development of Wedge Mining. ..., p. 178.
  24. ^ Anton Müller: St Joachimsthal. - After 50 years. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 50th year, 1929, p. 132. ( digitized version )
  25. ^ Anton Müller: News from the Keilberg. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 52nd year, 1931, pp. 10–11. ( Digitized version )
  26. Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . ... p. 5.
  27. OK0E a OK0BE . Radio club OK1KVK.
  28. Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . ... pp. 5–6.
  29. a b Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . ... p. 6–7.
  30. Jan Prudík, Lubomír Zeman: The rebirth of the observation tower on the Wedge Mountain . ... p. 7.
  31. annaberger.info: Keilberg tower reopened. , accessed October 25, 2013.
  32. ^ Anton Kriegelstein: The Keilberg as a winter sports area. In: Erzgebirgs-Zeitung , 48th year, 1927, pp. 190–192. ( Digitized version )
  33. ^ A b Anton Müller: The development of the wedge mines. ..., pp. 176-179.
  34. skisprungschanzen.com: Keilbergschanze im Fuchsloch. , accessed October 17, 2014.
  35. a b See SKIAREÁL KLÍNOVEC sro: The history of the ski area. , accessed February 18, 2015.
  36. a b Website of the ski area - About the area
  37. Website of the ski area - overview of ski lifts ( memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / zima.klinovec.cz