Petrus Albinus

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Petrus Albinus

Petrus Albinus (actually Peter von Weisse ; * June 18, 1543 in Schneeberg , † July 31, 1598 in Dresden ) was a professor in Wittenberg who is considered the founder of Saxon historiography.


His father was Peter Weis, who built the hospital church in Schneeberg as a master builder. He was married to Magdalena Hübsch, the daughter of a council chamberlain and mining entrepreneur who had moved from Nuremberg to Schneeberg. According to the custom of the time, his name was Latinized to Petrus Albinus. Allegedly, after attending the Latin school in Schneeberg, he is said to have attended the Princely School in Meissen . Proof of visiting the last facility cannot be provided. It is certain that he frequented the Viadrina University in Frankfurt / Oder in the summer semester of 1559 , the Leucorea in Wittenberg on June 5, 1564 and the Leipzig University in the winter semester of 1569 . He mainly focused on legal and historical research. On March 11, 1575, he acquired a master's degree in philosophy in Wittenberg, and in the same year was accepted into the senate of the philosophical faculty. In 1578 he took over the Latin professorship at the pedagogy of the University of Wittenberg and in 1587 became professor of history at the Wittenberg University.

Title page of the Meißnische Bergk-Chronica , 1590
Illustration from the Meißnische Bergk-Chronica , 1590

In Wittenberg he took on the task of completing the history of Upper Saxony and the Wettins of Georg Fabricius . In 1579 he registered the letters and documents of the Meissen monastery . From 1579 to 1588 he was dean of the University of Wittenberg , took over the rectorate in 1586 and worked in Wittenberg until 1588. In 1588 Albinus was appointed secretary of Elector Christian I of Saxony to Dresden , where he was entrusted with viewing the entire house files of the Electorate of Saxony . He died there on July 31, 1598.

During his time in Wittenberg he wrote the manuscript history of his hometown Schneeberg (Schneeberger Ortschronik, 1574), some of it was printed as a Meißnian country and mountain chronicle (1580–1589), some things remained unfinished. Other chronicles are also in the archives as manuscripts from him, such as von Altzelle , Annaberg , Crimmitschau and Torgau . Several volumes of the unpublished collections are kept in the SLUB Dresden .

Although his research does not meet today's scientific requirements, he counts as the founder of Saxon local history, local research and historiography through his work. Albinus was married twice. First in 1576 with Ludmilla Fritsch and in 1584 with Magdalena, a daughter of the publisher Samuel Selfisch , with whom he had eight children.


  • Thorough and thorough description of the terrible flood of water, which in the August month of this current 1573th year did great damage to the Schneeberge, the famous mountain town in the Meissen region . Wittenberg 1573 ( digitized version )
  • Commentarius novus de Mysnia, or Newe Meysnische Chronica , 1580, 1589/90 under the title: Meißnische Land- u. Berg-Chronica (Part 2 under the title: Meißnerische Bergk Chronik, 1590), 1610: Novae Saxonum historiae progymnasmata. . . 1585;
  • Meißnian country and mountain chronicle , 1580–1589. ( Digitized version )
  • New Stammbuch u. Description d. uhralten kurfiirstl .... House of Saxony ..., continued by M. Dresser , 1602;
  • Leo Bönhoff (arrangement): Annabergische Annales de anno 1492 to 1539 , with. Edition of the oldest news about Annaberg after d. Ms. Q 127 of the royal public library in Dresden. in: Mitteilungen des Verein für Geschichte von Annaberg 11, 1910. pp. 1-50.
  • The third book of the Schneeberg Chronicles, which gives a proper description of the mining invention and the city there, with the most noble stories as it were . Freundeskreis Stadtarchiv Schneeberg, 2012. (Book 1 and 2 of the chronicle and description of the old, well-known ... Bergstadt Schneeberg: Anno 1574 included as CD) DNB 1024554872


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Wikisource: Petrus Albinus  - Sources and full texts