Schlitz (Vogelsbergkreis)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Schlitz
Schlitz (Vogelsbergkreis)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Schlitz highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 40 ′  N , 9 ° 34 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : to water
County : Vogelsbergkreis
Height : 245 m above sea level NHN
Area : 142.09 km 2
Residents: 9702 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 68 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 36110
Primaries : 06642, 06648 (Ützhausen), 06653 (Unter-Schwarz), 06625 (Unter-Wegfurth)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : VB
Community key : 06 5 35 015
City structure: 17 districts

City administration address :
At the church 4
36110 Schlitz
Website :
Mayor : Alexander Old Town ( CDU )
Location of the town of Schlitz in the Vogelsbergkreis
Antrifttal Alsfeld Grebenau Schlitz (Vogelsbergkreis) Kirtorf Homberg (Ohm) Mücke (Hessen) Gemünden (Felda) Romrod Schwalmtal (Hessen) Lauterbach (Hessen) Wartenberg (Hessen) Feldatal Lautertal (Vogelsberg) Ulrichstein Herbstein Schotten (Stadt) Grebenhain Freiensteinau Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Fulda Wetteraukreis Main-Kinzig-Kreismap
About this picture
Slit from above

Schlitz is a small town in the east of the central Hessian Vogelsberg district . Due to the five castles in the city, Schlitz is known beyond Hesse and is therefore also known as the romantic castle town of Schlitz .


Geographical location

The town of Schlitz is located on the Schlitz river just before it flows into the Fulda . In terms of area, with 142.09 km² it is the fourth largest city in Hesse after Frankfurt , Wiesbaden and Oberzent .

Neighboring communities

Schlitz borders the communities of Breitenbach and Niederaula (both districts of Hersfeld-Rotenburg ) in the north, the communities of Haunetal (district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg) and Burghaun and the city of Hünfeld (both districts of Fulda ) in the east, and the city of Fulda (district of Fulda), in the south to the communities of Großenlüder and Bad Salzschlirf (both districts of Fulda), in the northwest to the city of Grebenau , in the southwest to the community of Wartenberg and in the west to the district town of Lauterbach (all three Vogelsberg district ).

City structure

Schlitz is divided into the following districts: Bernshausen , Fraurombach , Hartershausen , Hemmen , Hutzdorf , Nieder-Stoll , Ober-Wegfurth , Pfordt , Queck , Rimbach , Sandlofs , urban area Schlitz, Üllershausen , Ützhausen , Unter-Schwarz , Unter-Wegfurth and Willofs .

On June 30, 2017, Schlitz itself had 4,513 residents.


Average monthly temperatures for Schlitz
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 0.0 1.0 5.0 8.0 12.0 16.0 18.0 17.0 14.0 9.0 5.0 2.0 O 9
Min. Temperature (° C) −2.0 −2.0 1.0 4.0 8.0 11.0 13.0 12.0 10.0 7.0 2.0 -2.0 O 5.2
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.0 2.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 O 3.9
Rainy days ( d ) 12.0 9.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 9.0 9.0 11.0 12.0 Σ 126
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Schlitz view of the old town

The oldest surviving mention of Schlitz comes from 812.

In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the lords of Schlitz built a lordship from fiefs that they had received from the Fulda bishopric . With the introduction of the Reformation in 1546 and as a result of the Thirty Years' War , they broke away more and more from Fulda. In 1806 the sovereignty of the Schlitz rule fell to the newly formed Grand Duchy of Hesse in the course of the formation of the Rhine Confederation and the mediatization of the Counts of Schlitz . As a result, the Schlitz rule was a Hessian class rule , which included 16 villages in addition to the town of Schlitz.

In Schlitz, the Schlitzer ordinances from the 18th century, together with parts of the Fulda law, were considered particular law . The Common Law applied only to the extent these special regulations did not contain provisions for a fact. This special right retained its validity during the affiliation to the Grand Duchy of Hesse in the 19th century. In judicial practice, however, the ordinances were only rarely applied. The particular law was replaced on January 1, 1900 by the civil code that was uniformly valid throughout the German Empire .

Linen weaving was an important handicraft branch up to the middle of the 19th century, in 1823 there were 176 linen weavers.

see also Castle Niederschlitz


Hutzdorf has been part of Schlitz since January 1st, 1969. In the run-up to the regional reform in Hesse , the previously independent municipalities of Bernshausen, Fraurombach, Hemmen, Nieder-Stoll, Ober-Wegfurth, Pforth, Queck, Rimbach, Sandlofs, Üllershausen, Ützhausen, Unterwegfurth and Willofs were incorporated on December 31, 1971. On August 1, 1972, Hartershausen and Unter-Schwarz were added by virtue of the state law.

Population development



City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Current distribution of seats in the city council
A total of 31 seats
  • CDU : 13
  • SPD : 10
  • BLS : 5
  • FDP : 3
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 42.5 13 44.2 14th 47.8 18th 47.8 18th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 31.6 10 38.2 12 36.4 13 34.7 13
BLS Colorful list Schlitzerland 15.9 5 10.7 3 - - - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 10.0 3 6.9 2 7.7 3 8.0 3
UBL Independent citizen list slot - - - - 8.2 3 9.5 3
total 100.0 31 100.0 31 100.0 37 100.0 37
Voter turnout in% 55.1 52.6 52.6 52.6


The head of the Schlitz district is Thomas Landgraf (as of October 2014) .

Town twinning

There are city ​​partnerships with the following cities:

Culture and sights


Local sports clubs include TSG Slitisa e. V. Schlitz, FSV Pfordt, SV Willofs and SV Queck.

Associations (culture)

  • Schlitzer fair-boys
  • 1. Ützhäuser Bauwagen Club
  • Backhuss-Jonge Willofs
  • Egerländer Gmoi
  • Friends and supporters of the Hess. Academy for musical and cultural education e. V.
  • Friends of Heraklius wall paintings in the Evangelical Church Fraurombach e. V. (seat in the village museum 'Buisch ahl Huss', Fraurombach)
  • Poultry breeding association Schlitz und Schlitzerland e. V.
  • Heimat- und Trachtenfestverein Schlitzerland e. V.
  • Hutzeljonge Hutzdorf
  • Rimbach youth fire brigade
  • Ützhausen Carnival Association
  • Fair fraternities
  • Kulturbund Queck
  • Country women's club Schlitz
  • Rad-Wander-Ski-Club Ützhausen e. V.
  • Schenne Association Hutzdorf
  • Schlitzerländer Trachten- und Volkstanzkreis e. V.
  • VHC branch club slot
  • Two-stroke friends Schlitzerland
  • Reit- und Fahrverein Schlitz und Schlitzerland e. V.

Leisure and sports facilities

The city has an outdoor swimming pool, a campsite and a three-field sports hall. There are two quarry ponds in the Pfordt district.

The following cycle paths run through Schlitz :

  • The extended Vulkanradweg , which leads on the former route of the Oberwaldbahn from Altenstadt (Hess) in the Wetterau to Lauterbach (Hess) and was later extended to Schlitz (Hess).
  • The Vulkanradweg is now part of the BahnRadweg Hessen , which leads from Hanau on former railway lines for approx. 250 km through the Vogelsberg and the Rhön.
  • The Hessian long-distance cycle route R7 connects Werra and Taunus via the Vogelsberg.
  • Until the Fuldatal it is where the R7 on the two kilometer Hessian cycle path R1 (Fulda Cycle Route) and the D-Route 9 (Weser Romantic Road) run. The R1 leads over 250 km from the heights of the Rhön along the Fulda to Bad Karlshafen on the Weser. D-Route 9 leads from the North Sea via Bremen, Kassel, Fulda and the Taubertal to Füssen in Allgäu (1,197 km).

Regular events

  • The Schlitzerländer Trachtenfest always takes place in odd years on the second weekend in July.
  • The Schlitzer Altbierfest, which always takes place in the even years in July.
  • The Schlitzerländer Christmas market. For this purpose, the back tower is transformed into a "red candle" by decoration.
  • The Schlitzer beet festival, where the whole city is decorated with beetroot.


  • Castle Museum Schlitz
  • Village museum 'Buisch ahl Huss', Fraurombach

Slot in the movie


A special feature is the so-called Burgenring - the inner city area of ​​the town of Schlitz, which, lying on a hill, with its collection of castles, towers, mansions, the town church and many half-timbered houses, represents a well-preserved, closed historical ensemble. Because of the castle ring and the scenic location of the city, Schlitz was called the "Hessian Rothenburg" in earlier times.

River station slot

From 1951 to 2006 the Schlitz river station was located in Schlitz , a working group of the Max Planck Institute for Limnology , which researches the ecology of the Breitenbach in the two nature reserves Breitenbachtal and Breitecke . A large number of studies and publications have made the Breitenbach one of the best researched and documented rivers in the world. In 2006 this research station was closed with the retirement of the scientific director of the Max Planck Society.

Schlitzerländer animal freedom (closed)

From 1972 to 1998, a private zoo was operated under the name Schlitzerländer Tier Freiheit , which was repeatedly criticized for not keeping its bears in a species-appropriate manner and for insufficient care.

Economy and Infrastructure


Companies Branch in slot since Employee Remarks
Schlitzer Korn- & Edelobstbrennerei GmbH spirits 1585 19th one of the oldest distilleries in Germany
Lamp World GmbH trade 2004 370 One of the largest online retailers for lights and bulbs in Europe
Langheinrich GmbH Textile industry 1832 120 -
EICHHOFF capacitors GmbH Electrical industry 1919 - -
Schlitzer Leinen-Industrie Driessen GmbH & Co. KG Textile industry 1933 30th -
Pfeiffer Group Timber industry - 75 formerly Holzindustrie Schlitz GmbH & Co. KG
KEP AG logistics 1993 - -


Schlitz can be reached for long-distance traffic via the A 7 via the Hünfeld / Schlitz exit. The cities of Fulda and Lauterbach are nearby .

The station slot (Hess) was on the railway line Bad Salzschlirf Niederjossa . This railway line is closed.

Public facilities

There is a lending library, a music school, a community center and an outdoor pool.


In Schlitz is:

  • Hessian Academy for Music and Cultural Education gGmbH (State Music Academy) in Hallenburg Castle.
  • Schlitzerland comprehensive school
  • Dieffenbachschule (primary school)


sons and daughters of the town

In chronological order by year of birth

Other personalities

In chronological order by year of birth

  • Cyriacus Spangenberg (1528–1604), Protestant theologian, hymn poet and historian. Was pastor in Schlitz from 1581 to 1595.
  • Johann Ferdinand Schlez (1759–1839), clergyman, educator and writer, local school inspector and consistorial councilor, reformed the school system
  • Gudrun Pausewang (1928–2020), author, lived in the city from 1972 to 2016. In 2003 she was made an honorary citizen of the city of Schlitz. She died on January 23, 2020 near Bamberg. Some of her two best-known books are set in Schlitz: The Cloud and The Last Children of Schewenborn (Schlitz is called Schewenborn here, but the description of the place and the surrounding area is clear. In an afterword, the author expressly points out that Schlitz is meant is).


  • Karl Wagner, Gustav Georg Lange, Johann Wolfgang Appell: The Grand Duchy of Hesse , Darmstadt 1849, vol. 2, p. 99 ff.
  • Heinrich Sippel: A foray through the Schlitzer history , Schlitz 1987
  • Magistrate of the city of Schlitz (ed.), Puthz Volker, Braungart Jürgen, u. a .: 1200 years of Schlitz. Festschrift for the 1200th anniversary of the town of Schlitz and its town church , Schlitz 2011. ISBN 978-3-00-036833-2

Web links

Commons : Schlitz, Vogelsbergkreis  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Schlitz  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  3. ^ Johann Andreas Demian: Description or Statistics and Topography of the Grand Duchy of Hesse , Le Roux, 1825, p. 361 ( Google Books )
  4. Arthur Benno Schmidt : The historical foundations of civil law in the Grand Duchy of Hesse . Curt von Münchow, Giessen 1893, p. 104 and attached map.
  5. Law on the reorganization of the Alsfeld and Lauterbach districts (GVBl. II 330-12) of August 1, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 215 , § 10 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes for municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 368 .
  7. ^ Schlitz, Vogelsbergkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  8. State Statistical Office Hessen ( Memento from May 23, 2012 in the web archive )
  9. The population in Hesse on December 31, 2015. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 21, 2016 ; Retrieved April 1, 2017 .
  10. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Lauterbach district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  11. Philipp Alexander Ferdinand Walther: The Grand Duchy of Hesse according to history, country, people, state and locality . Jonghaus, January 1, 1854 ( [accessed April 3, 2017]).
  12. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  13. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  14. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  15. Hesse-looking de, Frankfurt Germany: Results mayor runoff: slot (11.11.18). November 5, 2018, accessed on March 29, 2019 (German).
  16. Alexander Altstadt officially introduced into the mayor's office. Retrieved on March 29, 2019 (German).
  17. TSG Slitisa e. V. slot. In: Retrieved October 20, 2016 .
  18. ^ Förderverein Fraurombacher, wall paintings ( memento from June 15, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), accessed in January 2019.
  19. ^ Castle Museum of the City of Schlitz In: Website of the City of Schlitz. Accessed January 2019.
  20. ^ Fraurombach village museum .
  21. ^ Website of the Evangelical Church Community of Schlitz
  22. Anholter Bärenwald, Chronology of Events ( Memento of July 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Retrieved December 28, 2015.
  23. Schlitzer distillery
  25. ^ Langheinrich GmbH
  26. EICHHOFF capacitors GmbH
  27. ^ Schlitzer Leinen-Industrie Driessen GmbH & Co. KG
  28. ^ Pfeiffer Group
  29. KEP AG