|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||Bitburger Land|
|Height :||300 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.62 km 2|
|Residents:||920 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||199 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54655|
|Area code :||06563|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 070|
|Association administration address:||Hubert-Prim-Strasse 7
|City Mayor :||Wolfgang Krämer ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Kyllburg in the Eifel district of Bitburg-Prüm|
Kyllburg [ ˈkɪl- ] is a town in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm in Rhineland-Palatinate . It has been part of the Bitburger Land community since July 1, 2014 , until then it was the seat of the Kyllburg community , which was dissolved at the same time .
Kyllburg lies between 275 (train station) and Rhineland-Palatinate after Kaub . The protection provided by mountain ranges that tower above the city and the surrounding water belt of the Kyll contribute to the particularly favorable climatic conditions.(sports field), has 920 inhabitants and is therefore the second smallest town in
Kyllburg is mentioned in a document at the beginning of the 9th century. According to a deed of donation dated July 16, 800, the couple Elmfried and Doda donated several lands located on the Kyllberg to the Prüm Abbey .
In 1239, Archbishop Theoderich von Trier had a larger castle, the actual Kyllburg , built as the corner and border fortress of Kurtrier in order to protect his area against the northern border of the Trier archbishopric and against the dynasts of Malberg . The castle, which is still partially preserved today, was partially replaced by a school building in 1912.
In order to cover the costs of this castle construction, Archbishop Theoderich sold the fiefdoms of Roßporten, which had fallen back through the death of Agnes von Malberg , with the approval of his Trier cathedral chapter for 200 pounds to the monastery of St. Thomas an der Kyll .
The immediate cause for the acceleration of the construction of the new larger castle was, as the Gesta Treverorum testify, the violence of the knight Rudolf von Malberg , who had seized the rule of Malberg. After her death he tried to use force to wrest the goods from the Cistercian convent of St. Thomas, not far from Kyllburg, that had been given to it by Agnes von Malberg. Rudolf feuded the monastery and all the nuns fled to Trier, where they went daily in processions to the cathedral and sang the two antiphons " Media vita in morte sumus " and " Salve regina mater misericordiae " in a loud pitiful voice during the service . As a result, the archbishop assists them against their restless neighbors. After the archbishop had defeated him by force of arms, he submitted. The new castle on the Kyllberge kept him in check. The Kyllburg subsequently proved itself as a bulwark against attacks against the electoral state.
Theodoric's successor, Arnold II (1242–1259), surrounded the castle and the adjoining houses with a solid wall in 1256. With the abbot Jofrid von Prüm he concluded a contract on August 16, 1256 because of their mutual fortifications.
With the buildings of Theodorich in 1239 and the extensions of Arnold in 1256, the Kurtrier country town "Kilburch" and "Kieleburch", fortified with strong walls and gates, was created. With its walls and market, it had the essential characteristics of a medieval town and was inhabited by castle men, guards, porters and citizens. With the construction of the wall, the citizens took on the obligation to protect this wall against attacks. The city had the obligation to maintain the city gates and city walls. In order to emphasize this task, a special order was issued later.
In the Peace of Campo Formio on October 17, 1797, Emperor Franz II, in his capacity as sovereign of the Habsburg hereditary lands, ceded his possessions on the left bank of the Rhine to France . As a result, the entire area on the left bank of the Rhine was annexed by France before it was incorporated into France by the Treaty of Luneville in 1801. In 1798 the entire previous constitution, government and administration were dissolved and a completely new one was introduced. What had become in France from 1789 to 1797 under heavy fighting and many atrocities, that was now implemented here in a few months and without noticeable struggle, namely the overthrow of the previous social constitution and the introduction of republican institutions. The left bank of the Rhine was divided into four departments. Kyllburg belonged from 1798 to 1814 to the Saar department with the main town Trier and was made the main town ( chef-lieu ) of the canton Kyllburg , as u. a. also Prüm , Daun and Gerolstein . The French brought the city the equalizing municipal constitution , which basically made no difference between urban and rural communities. Kyllburg, like all other cities, lost its city title, even if it again protruded beyond the places in the neighborhood by making it the capital of a canton .
A total of 78 soldiers from Kyllburg died in World War II , and 39 civilians were also killed in the city.
On September 15, 1956, the municipality of Kyllburg was again given the designation " city " by the state of Rhineland-Palatinate .
Changes in buyer behavior and demographic change did not stop at Kyllburg. After the last shop on the once renowned Hochstraße closed on January 12, 2012, the civil offensive Kyllburg dajeh, or “OK dajeh” for short, was founded with the aim of beautifying and revitalizing the two most important streets, Hochstraße and Bahnhofstraße. On October 25, 2012, a first round table with interested property owners met with the support of the Trier Chamber of Commerce . After a second round table they meet almost monthly in regulars' tables. The work of the civic initiative is reflected in regular art exhibitions and other program items.
Forms of the place name
The development of the population of Kyllburg, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The City Council in Kyllburg consists of twelve council members, who in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a majority vote were elected, and the volunteer city mayor as chairman. Before 2014, the council members were elected in a personalized proportional representation.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
|2019||by majority vote||12 seats|
|2014||by majority vote||12 seats|
coat of arms
|Blazon : “In blue a silver church with a red roof and red roof turrets; on both sides of the same a floating silver shield with a continuous red cross. "|
Foundation of the coat of arms: The coat of arms of the city of Kyllburg goes back to the early Gothic aldermen's seal from 1347, which is attached to a deed of fief from Jakob von Kirchberg.
The collegiate church is assumed to be in the building as it was at that time. The two shields show the Electoral Trier cross.
The city colors are red and white.
Culture and sights
- Monument zone Burg Kyllburg - built from 1239
- Kyllburg Collegiate Church - it was built at the end of the 13th and beginning of the 14th century in the Gothic style (see also: Crucifixion Window (Kyllburg) )
- Tabernacle and baptismal font from 1487 in the parish church of St. Maximin
- Marian column on the southern slope of the Annenberg from 1886
- Evangelical Church from 1898
- Kyllburg station from around 1870
- The former “Zur Pinn” inn from the early 19th century is now an Italian restaurant
- Hotel "Eifeler Hof" from 1890 - a three-story building in the neo-renaissance style
- The neo-Gothic parament factory at Stiftstraße 13 was built before the 1900 century
See also: List of cultural monuments in Kyllburg
Green spaces and recreation
- Kyllburg lies on the Kylltal cycle path . The cycle path extends over 130 km from the Belgian Losheimergraben to the confluence of the Kyll in the Moselle near Trier-Ehrang .
- Hiking routes in and around Kyllburg
- Natural monument "Group of old trees on the Heroes' Cemetery"
See also: List of natural monuments in Kyllburg
- Hop Blossom Festival - every year on the second weekend in August
- Annual fair or parish fair on the first weekend in July
- Traditional rattling or rattling on Good Friday and Holy Saturday
- Hut burning on the first weekend after Ash Wednesday (so-called Scheef Sunday) on the Stiftsberg
- Once a year, on the third Sunday in July, the car-free Sunday "Kylltal aktiv" takes place between Lissingen and Kyllburg.
|line||designation||Line course||Clock frequency|
Cologne Fair / Deutz - Cologne - Euskirchen - Jünkerath - Gerolstein - Kyllburg - Bitburg-Erdorf - Ehrang - Trier
(Cologne Fair / Deutz - Gerolstein as )
(in the HVZ amplifier Gerolstein – Trier)
With the completion of the Eifelbahn Cologne - Trier in the 19th century a flourishing tourism began in Kyllburg. Guests from the big cities, especially Cologne and Düsseldorf as well as the Ruhr area, used to spend their summer holidays on the Kyll. The main attraction was the luxurious Hotel Eifeler Hof with its large event rooms and spa treatments. Guests from the Netherlands could already be welcomed a long time ago, and today they are an important part of tourism in the entire Kyllburger Waldeifel region. The local chronicle reports that even before the First World War, Kyllburg counted 150 Dutch residents daily among its permanent guests and that a torchlight procession of the Dutch took place in Kyllburg on the Queen's birthday . After the Second World War, entire special tourist trains from well-known tour operators with 400 people arrived in Kyllburg. But changed travel behavior to southern Europe almost put an end to the lively hustle and bustle. Today tourism to Kyllburg and the region is growing again. Weekend travelers come from the big cities, Dutch guests stay “in the mountains” for up to a week. A clear plus is currently being created by bicycle travelers , here the Kylltal cycle path is of particular importance for Kyllburg . The outdoor pool right on the Kyll is also attractive for many guests. Kyllburg has (as of 2014) eleven tour operators and over 20,000 overnight stays annually, not including the natural campsite.
- Johann Peter Wallenborn (1784–1839), beer brewer and founder of the Bitburger brewery
- Hans Brantzen (1912–1979), priest of the Mainz diocese, → pastors' block (Dachau concentration camp)
- Inge Hecht (1949–2019), politician (SPD)
- Heinz Rebellius (* 1954), music journalist and guitarist
- Herbert Fandel (* 1964), former FIFA referee
- Patrick Schnieder (* 1968), politician, member of the Bundestag
- Ernst Wackenroder (arr.): The art monuments of the Bitburg district (= Paul Clemen [Hrsg.]: The art monuments of the Rhine province . Volume 12 / I ). Trier 1983, ISBN 3-88915-006-3 , p. 133–161 (315 p., With 12 plates and 227 illustrations in the text. Reprinted by the Schwann edition, Düsseldorf 1927). *
- Gerten, Wisniewski, Höster: The Kyll story and stories about an Eifel watercourse . Ed .: Bernd Spindler, Verbandsgemeinde Kyllburg. October 2006.
- Karl E. Becker: The Kyllburger Land - history, landscape, art monuments . Ed .: Verbandsgemeinde Kyllburg. Paulinus print shop, Trier 1977.
- Kremb / Lautzas: State history excursion guide Rhineland-Palatinate . tape 2 . Publishing house Arbogast, Otterbach 1991.
- Carte de Ferraris . 1777 (French, kbr.be ).
- Eifelverein (ed.): Kyllburg air and Kneipp health resort, Südeifel. History and geology . A walk through the city of the Middle Ages and hikes through the nature protection areas of the Kyllburg area. Düren 1964.
- Throughout the world - Kyllburg in the Eifel . Issue 30. Peter J. Oestergaard Verlag, Berlin-Schöneberg July 1938.
- Heinz Drossard (Ed.): Along the Kyll - Kyllburger and Speicherer Land . ISBN 978-3-924631-33-8 .
- F. Bock: Kyllburg and its ecclesiastical buildings of the Middle Ages . Verlag Wilh. Schulte, Kyllburg ( lbz-rlp.de - first edition from 1895).
- Franz-Josef Heyen: The St. Marien Stift in Kyllburg (= The dioceses of the Church Province of Trier. The Archdiocese of Trier . Part 11). ISBN 3-11-019472-4 .
- Marie Luise Niewodniczanska: Rheinische Kunststätten. Kyllburg in the Eifel . Ed .: Rhenish Association for Monument Preservation and Landscape Protection. Cologne 1989, ISBN 3-88094-646-9 .
- Internet presence of the city of Kyllburg
- City of Kyllburg on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Bitburger Land
- Initiative Kyllburg 2017
- To search for cultural assets of the city of Kyllburg in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 208 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- Karl E. Becker: The Kyllburg country. Kyllburg 1977.
- Re- of city rights
- OFFENSIVE KYLLBURG DAJEH. Kunst Kultur Kyllburg, accessed February 9, 2016 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- Kyllburg - Seinsfeld - seven-armed signpost - Densborn. Retrieved April 3, 2018 .
- Through the Kyllburger Waldeifel - From Malberg Castle to the Roman Villa Otrang. Retrieved April 3, 2018 .
- Hüttenbrennen in the Eifel. Retrieved May 1, 2016 .
- Hut Sunday in the Eifel. Retrieved August 10, 2017 .
- Kylltal active
- Deutsche Bahn course book. Retrieved September 26, 2018 .