|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 1 ′ N , 6 ° 29 ′ E
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||Bitburger Land|
|Height :||308 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||2.99 km 2|
|Residents:||72 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||24 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54636|
|Area code :||06569|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 074|
|Association administration address:||Hubert-Prim-Strasse 7
|Local Mayor :||Hubert Metz|
|Location of the local community Ließem in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm|
Ließem is a municipality in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm , Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Bitburger Land .
The place is in the South West Eifel , about 10 km northwest of the district town of Bitburg . The lower reaches of the Ehlenzbach , a tributary of the Nims, flows through Ließem . The village is crossed by the state road 7 and the district road 74 , the intersection of which forms the center of the village. The next junction on the Bundesautobahn 60 is Bitburg , about three kilometers away. Of the 2.99 km² municipal area, a comparatively high proportion of 82.5% is used for agriculture, only 2.5% are forest (as of 2017).
Ließem also includes the Heidthof and Ritter resettlement areas, as well as part of Rittersdell.
The first written mention of the place took place in 1016 as "Liudesheim". A castle "Leyseim" was named as the Luxembourg fiefdom of the Count von Schönecken in 1316. This later passed into the possession of the Trier Elector Balduin von Trier , who destroyed it in the mid-14th century. The castle was then rebuilt.
The rule of Ließem belonged to the Duchy of Luxembourg until the end of the 18th century . From 1795 to 1814 the place belonged first to the Republic of France , later to the French Empire , and was assigned to the forest department . In 1803, Ließem Castle became the seat of the Biersdorfer Mairie , which was transferred to the Prussian mayor's office of the same name in 1816 . The latter was replaced in 1856 by the mayor's office Bickendorf (from 1927 office), which was merged with four offices in the course of the Rhineland-Palatinate municipal reform in 1970 to form the Verbandsgemeinde Bitburg-Land . Since July 1, 2014, the municipality has been part of the Bitburger Land association.
In 1473 three chargeable fireplaces were registered, a few years later there are two households. In the middle of the 19th century the place had 76 inhabitants in nine houses. The population rose to 110 by 1895, after the turn of the century it fell continuously to around 80 until the 1970s and is now 72 (as of 2019).
- Population development
The development of the population of Ließem, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The council in Ließem consists of six council members, who in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a majority vote were elected and the presiding mayor .
The honorary local mayor is Hubert Metz, who was elected by the municipal council in the 2014 municipal elections due to a lack of direct candidates.
coat of arms
As a reference to Ließem Castle, which fell to the von Enschringen family in 1525, the pewter cut is included in the shield head. The Enschring coat of arms was divided seven times by gold and red and covered with a black lion, as shown in the lower part of the shield.
The castle that exists today was built in the second half of the 14th century on the site of the castle that was destroyed in 1353. Inside the building there are u. a. a Takenanlage from around 1600 and two richly structured chimney surrounds from the 18th century. On the forecourt of the castle, built in 1893, is a Pietà from sandstone . The property has been owned by the Lichter family since the middle of the 20th century.
Also worth seeing are the natural monuments "plane tree" in the castle area and the "300-year old oak" at the Johann Meyer house as well as the restored arched bridge over the Ehlenzbach.
- See also
- Robert Lichter (1884–1950), farmer and politician (CDU), born in Ließem
- Local community Ließem on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Bitburger Land
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Ließem (Eifel) in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- Ließem water castle
- ↑ State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- ↑ a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Regional data.
- ↑ State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 107 (PDF; 3 MB).
- ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Election of the honorary local and city mayors
- ↑ Description of the coat of arms on the website of the Bitburger Land association