|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Cochem cell|
|Association municipality :||Zell (Moselle)|
|Height :||300 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.75 km 2|
|Residents:||437 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||76 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56858|
|Area code :||06543|
|License plate :||COC, ZEL|
|Community key :||07 1 35 003|
|LOCODE :||DE 2AM|
|Association administration address:||Corray 1
56856 Zell (Moselle)
|Local Mayor :||Wolfgang Klein|
|Location of the local community Altlay in the district of Cochem-Zell|
Altlay is located in the northern part of the Hunsrück between Hahn Airport and the Moselle at an altitude of about . To the north of the village, the Altlayer Bach flows through a narrow valley into the Moselle.
The Bleesmühle (Henns-Mühle), Engersmühle and Kaspersmühle (Feilzers-Mühle) residential areas also belong to Altlay .
The place was mentioned as Leia as early as 1107 . Slate mining near Altlay is mentioned around 1489.
From 1794 Altlay was under French rule. In 1815 the place was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna . Under the Prussian administration, Altlay came to the Sohren mayor's office in the Zell district in 1816 , which was part of the Koblenz administrative district and, from 1822, to the Rhine province .
Since 1946 it has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate . Through the 8th Administrative Simplification Act of July 18, 1970 with effect from November 7, 1970, the place came from the Büchenbeuren community to the Zell (Mosel) community.
- Population development
The development of the population of the municipality of Altlay, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Altlayer Bachtal, slate was extracted from above ground after the underground extraction was abandoned in the middle of the 20th century. In the meantime, however, the company has returned to mining underground, as new deposits have opened up that would be too cost-intensive to mine above ground. The landscape would also be severely impaired. In this way, the high proportion of overburden found in slate mining in the disused stretches can be backfilled underground. Slate mining near Altlay has already been recorded in a Sponheim document from June 20, 1489 .
Non-ferrous metal ores
In addition, non-ferrous metal ores were mined in Altlay for centuries. Until 1959, lead, zinc, silver and copper ore, among other things, was mined in the Adolph-Helene mine in Altlay by the Barbarasegen union. According to estimates, a total of 384,000 t of raw ore was mined. There was also a small railway from the mine to Zell (Mosel) for shipping the mined ores.
In 1957, the Adolph-Helene mine was leased to Stolberger Zink , which, however, ceased operations two years later. A sharp drop in the price of metal ores made it unprofitable. Although the prices later rose again, the recommissioning of the disused mine was not worthwhile.
Today only the remains of the former industrial facilities are visible. The headframe was dismantled in the 1960s, the remaining buildings are left to decay.
- Website of the Altlay community
- Literature about Altlay in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 36 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Ludwig Armbrust: Hunsrück place names in the districts of Simmern and Zell
- Sponheimer deed, Landeshauptarchiv Koblenz, inventory 33, deed 20163 from June 20, 1489
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- Johannes Stets, Bonn: On non-ferrous metal mineralization in the Hunsrück using the example of the deposits near Altlay; Hunsrückverein eV yearbook 2010
- Die Zeit, No. 30, July 25, 1957
- The ore mine "Adolph Helene" in Altlay, Simone Bey, yearbook 1990, district of Cochem-Zell
- ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: RZ-Online article archive from June 13, 2007 )