|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||South Eifel|
|Height :||330 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10.2 km 2|
|Residents:||1491 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||146 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54673|
|Area code :||06564|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 088|
|Association administration address:||Pestalozzistraße 7
|City Mayor :||Lothar Fallis|
|Location of the city of Neuerburg in the Eifel district of Bitburg-Prüm|
The city of Neuerburg (dialect: " Neierbuersch ") is a city in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Südeifel , to which it also belongs. Neuerburg is a state-approved climatic health resort and designated as a middle center according to state planning .
Neuerburg is located in the valley of the Enz and on the wooded slopes of the slate rock surrounding mountains in the West Eifel . The eponymous Neuerburg is located above the city on a mountain spur . The Daudistel, Funkhaus, Görgenhof, Hasenhof, In der Enz, Johanneshof, Kreuzdellhof and Latersbach residential areas also belong to Neuerburg .
Cityscape and history
Smaller houses and winding streets shape the cityscape. The 500-year-old late Gothic parish church of St. Nicholas protrudes from a rock . Above it is the former Vogt building, now parsonage, with the members of the city wall round tower , as well as the restored part remains of the former castle of unknown origin. The place was able to keep parts of its medieval character.
The place was first mentioned in a document in 1332 in a town charter . Friedrich, Lord of Brandenburg (Luxembourg) and Neuerburg, sealed the residents of the place the freedom rights. The castle complex itself dates back to the 12th century, when the feudal lords of the County of Vianden had to pay tribute. The entrance to the keep , a gate tower , has served as the church's bell tower since time immemorial .
In 1692, during the War of the Palatinate Succession , troops of King Louis XIV had the entire city fortifications, walls, castle and 16 towers, some of which were built as half-towers in the shape of a horseshoe, razed . With the occupation of the left bank of the Rhine in 1794 by French revolutionary troops , the place became French, in 1815 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna . After a city fire in 1818, people used stones from the city wall to build houses.
In May 1902, the Prussian state parliament approved a draft law, on the basis of which the construction of the Pronsfeld – Neuerburg and the Pronsfeld – Waxweilerin 1903 railway could begin. When it was built, it was connected to the German rail network via the Westeifelbahn . It was of great importance for the economic development of Neuchâtel and the country, but was also approved for strategic military reasons ( Schlieffen Plan ). Both routes were officially opened on July 6, 1907. Because of the importance of this event, Kaiser Wilhelm II and, alternatively, Crown Prince Wilhelm were invited, but did not accept the invitation. The railway line, which was badly damaged in World War II , was reopened in 1950.
During the Second World War , 80 soldiers and 40 residents died in a bomb attack on December 23, 1944. 40% of the area was destroyed, 33 houses were total write-offs.
- Statistics on population development
The development of the population of the city of Neuerburg, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Neuerburg consists of 16 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
|choice||SPD||CDU||WGR 1||WGR 2||total|
coat of arms
|Blazon : “ Split into silver (white); in front, a red grid covered with a silver (white) label , covered as a whole with a black diagonal thread , behind a three-pinned red tower with an open gate. "|
|Founding of the coat of arms: The oldest seal of the city, from which today's coat of arms was derived, dates back to the time the city was founded (1332). The tower is speaking for the place name and remembers well the former mounting, the New Castle . The front half was also the coat of arms of Count Friedrich III. from Vianden .|
- Neuerburg Castle from the 12th century with fortifications. In 1926, the New Germany Youth Union took over the crumbled remains and turned them into a youth hostel .
- Black pictures. A 46 cm wooden figure in a 700-year-old oak tree ruin, donated by the knight Kuno von Falkenstein , became a pilgrimage picture. She resembles the Black Mother of God von Altötting .
- Plague cross. The plague cross , richly decorated on the shaft , a niche cross, commemorates the epidemics of the city, most recently in 1636.
- Eligius Chapel. The chapel from 1437 and the Eligius fountain are reminiscent of St. Eligius .
- Market fountain. The more recent bronze work by the Aachen artist Bonifatius Stirnberg shows the city's club life and traditional handicrafts.
- St. Nicholas , the late Gothic parish church from 1492.
Economy and Transport
Cloth weaving mills and tanneries on the Enz were still important businesses around 1900. Other craftsmen and carters also shaped the economy. Today, a large part of the population lives from growing tourism.
Eifel high school
The Staatliche Eifel- Gymnasium (SEG for short) with affiliated boarding schools has around 400 pupils who have been taking their Abitur here since 1976. This grammar school also visit German-learning emigrants from Russia, Poland or the CIS states to do their Abitur here. In the boarding schools, great importance is attached to tolerance and acceptance. There are various leisure options.
There are three buildings on the boarding school:
- the boys boarding school,
- the administration building with canteen and kitchen
- the girls boarding school
The resettlers mainly spend their time in boarding schools. About half of the students live there at times. The resettlers complete a six-month language course and, once they have passed, the six-month to one-year advanced class. There they are made familiar with the material of the upper level and the necessary level of knowledge is imparted.
In the atrium or in the school library, the series of lectures is held in the library with lectures by teachers, professors or well-known authors.
Sons of Neuerburg
- Johann-Anton Zinnen (1827–1898), composer
- Günther Thömmes (* 1963), master brewer and writer
- Rainer Burelbach (* 1965), politician (CDU)
- Dieter Nusbaum (* 1972), painter
Connected to Neuerburg
- Hans Theis (1921–1975), author, poet, local historian and local politician, lived and died in Neuerburg
- Ernst Wackenroder (arr.): The art monuments of the Bitburg district (= Paul Clemen [Hrsg.]: The art monuments of the Rhine province . Volume 12 / I ). Trier 1983, ISBN 3-88915-006-3 , p. 126, 193–222 (315 p., With 12 plates and 227 illustrations in the text. Reprinted by the Schwann edition, Düsseldorf 1927).
- Hans Theis: City fortifications of the medieval Neuerburg . 1955.
- Neuerburg, 650 years of the city , published by the city of Neuerburg, 1983.
- Leonhard Palzkill: Hikes in the German-Luxembourg border area . Neuerburg, 2006.
- Martin Brunker: History of the city and rule Neuerburg . Neuerburg, 2018.
- City of Neuerburg
- To search for cultural goods of the city of Neuerburg in the database of cultural goods in the Trier region .
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Regional data.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 100 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Bernard Graf: Contribution to the history of the castle and the rule of Brandenburg . Schroell, Diekirch 1861, p. 8.
- Hermann Elenz rails, steam and coal dust the history of railway construction in the Eifel ff, p 51, Helios publishing and book marketing company, Aachen 1969, ISBN 3-925087-73-7
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 6, 2019 .
- Klemens Stadler: German coat of arms. Volume 2, Bremen 1966, p. 47.
- coat of arms. (PDF) Retrieved February 27, 2017 .