|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||South Eifel|
|Height :||200 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||13.15 km 2|
|Residents:||1679 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||128 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54669|
|Area code :||06526|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 019|
|LOCODE :||DE 25B|
|Association administration address:||Pestalozzistraße 7
|Mayoress :||Silvia Hauer ( CDU )|
|Location of the local community Bollendorf in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm|
Bollendorf is a municipality in the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Südeifel , whose largest municipality it is with 1,679 inhabitants. Bollendorf is a state-approved climatic health resort .
Bollendorf is located in the German-Luxembourg Nature Park , right on the border with Luxembourg . The Sauer is the border river between the two states. In Bollendorf there is a border crossing to Bollendorferbrück / Bollendorf-Pont (municipality of Berdorf ).
Bollendorf also includes the Altschmiede, Diesburgerhof (postcode 54668), Dillingerbrück, Laufenwehr, Neu-Diesburgerhof (postcode 54668), Pölsenhof, Sonnenhof, Weilerbach and Westerheld residential areas .
The first documentary mention was made in 716 as villa bollana . It was about the donation of the district by Duke Arnulf to the Echternach Abbey . In an act of confirmation from Charles III. from West Franconia from the year 915 the name Bollendorf is found for the first time . By the end of the 10th century who practiced Count of Luxembourg sovereign rights until the end of the 13th century carried the Knights of Bollendorf than Ministeriale the Bollendorf goods fief. The landlord's rights were disputed for a long time between the Echternach Abbey and the Echternach Poor Clare Monastery . Until the end of the 18th century, Bollendorf belonged to the Luxembourg provost of Echternach .
Between the end of the 18th century and the end of the Second World War , large parts of the able-bodied population were employed in the nearby Weilerbach in connection with iron mining, smelting and processing. After the hut was closed, many residents became commuters to Luxembourg. Today tourism is the main source of income for the residents.
- Population development
The development of the population of Bollendorf, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Bollendorf consists of 16 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary local mayor as chairman. In 2009 there was a majority election.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
|2009||Majority vote||16 seats|
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Coat of arms split from silver and gold, at the front of the gap a half, red-armored black eagle, behind a black bar cross."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The left half of the shield with half an imperial eagle indicates the historical relationship to the former imperial abbey of Echternach, the right part shows the coat of arms of the knight family "von Bollendorf".|
- Bollendorf Castle , former medieval castle complex
- Parish Church of St. Michael from 1838
- Weilerbach Castle , a rococo palace from 1780
- Villa rustica , a Roman villa uncovered in 1907. It was inhabited from the 2nd to the 4th century
- Lady Chapel, around 1900
See also: List of cultural monuments in Bollendorf
Green spaces and recreation
- The Nusbaum Fraubillenkreuz is located nearby
- There is a druid stone in the forest northwest of the village
- Gallo-Roman rock graves with capstones can be found east of the village in the forest
- Diana monument - base and lower part of a Roman relief from the 2nd century. It stands southeast of the village on the edge of the forest.
See also: List of natural monuments in Bollendorf
- Annual fair or parish fair
- Traditional rattling or rattling on Good Friday and Holy Saturday
- Hut burning on the first weekend after Ash Wednesday (so-called Scheef Sunday) at the Mariensäule
Born in Bollendorf
- August Hauer (1886–1947), writer
- Paul Servais (1848–1908), industrialist from Weilerbach
- Henri Tudor (1859–1928), inventor of the first usable lead-acid battery
- Marguerite Mongenast-Servais (1882–1925), women's rights activist, social activist and publicist
Connected with Bollendorf
- Grit Hegesa (1891–1972), dancer and silent film actress
- Hans Bongers (1898–1981), 1st board member of the re-founded Lufthansa AG
- Emil van Hauth (1899–1974), painter and graphic artist
- Ernst Wackenroder (arr.): The art monuments of the Bitburg district (= Paul Clemen [Hrsg.]: The art monuments of the Rhine province . Volume 12 / I ). Trier 1983, ISBN 3-88915-006-3 , p. 69–78 (315 p., With 12 plates and 227 illustrations in the text. Reprinted by the Schwann edition, Düsseldorf 1927).
- Internet presence of the community of Bollendorf
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Bollendorf in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- Dianen monument near Bollendorf from the panorama of Trier and its surroundings (around 1840) via dilibri
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved August 2, 2019 .
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 98 (PDF; 3 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 2, 2019 .
- Hüttenbrennen in the Eifel. Retrieved May 1, 2016 .
- Hut Sunday in the Eifel. Retrieved August 10, 2017 .