Fraulautern is a district of the district town of Saarlouis in Saarland . In 1936 the village of Fraulautern was incorporated into the city of Saarlouis. Fraulautern served as a namesake when Saarlouis was named Saarlautern in 1936 . Fraulautern has about 7000 inhabitants.
While Saarlouis itself is to the left of the Saar , the Fraulautern district (as well as the Roden and Steinrausch districts ) are on the right side of the Saar. Fraulautern borders on the former coal mine in the neighboring municipality of Ensdorf .
The place "Lutrea Wilre" was obliged to the procession to Mettlach , which goes back to Archbishop Ruotbert von Trier. Since mid-12th century, here is a subsidiary regulated canons or Augustinian monks testified from the catchment of a woman Convention, the Abbey Fraulautern emerged, a convent of noble Augustinian nuns .
The place name Fraulautern is derived from the women, i.e. the nuns of the monastery, and probably from the Celtic word "Lutra" for "swampy stream". What is meant here is a location at the confluence of the Fraulauternerbach in the Saar.
The first seal of the monastery bore the symbol of the Holy Trinity as the patron saint of the monastery. The monastery itself belonged since 1581 to the Duchy of Lorraine , but successfully fought regarding his property in Blackwood 1765 before the Imperial Court , the Imperial City . Until 1815 it was assigned to the canton of Saarlouis , in the Moselle department .
In 1540 today's Apollonia chapel was consecrated as a parish church. The monastery church, built in 1739, took over the function of a parish church in 1814. The decision to build a new parish church was made in 1884, the foundation stone was laid in 1893, and the massive building was consecrated in 1895.
The first train station on the territory of today's Saarlouis was opened in Fraulautern on December 16, 1858 during the construction of the Saar line. Today's Saarlouis main train station was relocated to its location in the Roden district on December 19, 1912.
On December 1, 1944, air raids destroyed large parts of Fraulautern, including the parish church and Apollonia chapel. The current temple, the Church of the Holy. Trinity was founded by Bishop Bernhard Stein on 16 November 1960 consecrated . The foundation stone was laid in 1949. From 1953 to 1960 , more than half of all church bells newly cast in Saarland after the war were cast in the Saarlouis bell foundry in Ölwerkweg, which was founded in 1953 by Karl (III) Otto from the Otto bell foundry from Bremen-Hemelingen and Alois Riewer from Geislauer . The bells for the Trinity Church and the Apollonia Chapel were also cast here.
In the course of its history there have been numerous names for the place Fraulautern:
At the time of the Abbey Fraulautern :
- approx. 900–1250: "Lutera", "Luthra", "Lutrea" (numerous spellings; German: place on clear water )
- 1250–1280: "Lutres sur Saires" (German: Lautern on the Saar )
- 1280–1791: "Vrowenlutren" ( Vrowen = women, reference to the nuns of the Fraulautern Abbey)
Under French administration:
- 1791–1815: the place is part of the " Bannmeile Saarlouis"
As an independent city :
- 1816–1936: "Mayor's office Fraulautern" (comprised the communities of Fraulautern, Roden , Ensdorf , Hülzweiler , Griesborn , Dillingen and leases )
As a district of Saarlouis:
- 1936–1945: "Saarlautern 3" (the place becomes the third district of Saarlouis , serves as namesake: renaming of Saarlouis, foundation of the district town of Saarlautern.)
- 1945–1949: "Saarlouis 3"
- since 1949: "District Fraulautern" or "Saarlouis Fraulautern"
Culture and sights
Music and theater
The cultural offer is extensive. For example, there are several choirs and orchestras known beyond the city limits as well as a theater group.
The Catholic parish church of the Holy Trinity with its distinctive tower characterizes the townscape. Another parish church is located in the Kreuzberg ( St. Josef ) settlement . The pastor of both parishes has been Hans-Kurt Trapp since July 1, 2011. The late Gothic St. Apollonia cemetery chapel from 1540 (formerly the parish church of St. Trinitatis ) is one of the oldest buildings in the town.
There is the sports club SV 09 Fraulautern with the categories football and boxing. The football department plays its games in the “Großer Sand” stadium, where, since June 2011, there is an artificial turf facility in addition to a grass pitch.
Furthermore, there is the HSV 1924 Fraulautern, in which only handball is played.
The gymnastics club 1878 Saarlouis-Fraulautern with around 700 members offers both competitive and popular sports in the departments of gymnastics, athletics, volleyball, skiing, fitness, health sports and hiking.
In addition, there is the table tennis club TTSV Saarlouis-Fraulautern , which emerged from the table tennis department of SV 09. The first women's team won the championship in the 2nd Bundesliga South in the 2006/07 season and is currently playing in the regional league.
The tartan track, which has existed since 1994, is used by the Saarlouis athletics starting community, which also includes the SV 09 Saarlouis-Fraulautern and the Saarlouis-Fraulautern gymnastics club from 1878, as well as the LAC Saarlouis.
Economy and Infrastructure
The supply of retail stores is good , despite noticeable migration to the city and to the greenfield . Two companies in the metal processing industry (Verzinkerei Becker GmbH, Nedschroef Fraulautern GmbH) produce in Fraulautern. Another major employer is the Ludwig Schokolade GmbH & Co. KG ( Trumpf ) chocolate factory and the Meguin oil plant ( Liqui Moly ).
Fraulautern has three commercial and industrial areas: Ostring-Nord , Ostring-Süd and Am Güterbahnhof .
Public institutions: club house, elementary school in the old monastery , extended secondary school Martin Luther King , two kindergartens.
Sports facilities: tennis courts (TCF 1979), soccer fields (SV 09), a sports hall (the ladies of the 1st table tennis Bundesliga play in the Steinrauschhalle).
The busy federal highways B51 (towards Ensdorf / Bous) and B405 (towards Saarwellingen ) as well as the Trier - Saarbrücken railway line separate the town into individual sectors at the expense of the population.
A tram ran through Fraulautern until the post-war period. In addition, there was a train station in Fraulautern until 1909, which connected the place to the rail network. This was then moved to the Roden district, where it is still located today. Instead of the old station, a freight yard was set up in Fraulautern.
- Literature on female authors in the Saarland Bibliography
- Bernhard Kirsch: Article "Why is the Saar called» Saar «or who was there before the Celts?", In: Our homeland, bulletin of the Saarlouis district for culture and landscape, 41st year, issue No. 2, 2016, p. 45–56, here p. 49.
- Timeline of the Holy Trinity Fraulautern ( memento of February 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on February 21, 2014
- History of Fraulautern . Retrieved January 26, 2019
- Saarlouiser Bahnhof on rodena.de
- Gerhard Reinhold: Otto Glocken - family and company history of the bell foundry dynasty Otto . Self-published, Essen 2019, ISBN 978-3-00-063109-2 , p. 588, here in particular pp. 87 to 95 .
- Artificial turf pitch at SV 09 Fraulautern ( memento from November 17, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) from June 5, 2011. Accessed on July 27, 2011.