The Torah shrine ( Hekhal in Hebrew among the Sephardic Jews הֵיכָל; hēkhāl , German 'the Torahad' ; Hebrew among the Ashkenazi Jews אָרוֹן הָקׄדֶש Aron ha-Qodesch , German 'the holy shrine' ) is a shrine in which the Torah scrolls are kept in the synagogue . There was already a Torah shrine in the synagogues of late antiquity ( see: Torah Shrine (Antiquity) ).
In the Middle Ages there was usually only a niche in the east wall, in which the ark was placed, while in modern times a wooden cupboard is used, which is surrounded by a frame architecture. To this day, the shrine stands on the front wall of the synagogue facing Jerusalem and is covered with a kind of embroidered curtain ( parochet ).
On the fast day of Tischa beAv , the Torah shrine is not covered with a curtain as a sign of mourning and remains open.
Torah shrine in the Ashkenazi Choral Synagogue in Kaunas (1872)
- Wolfgang Kraus, Hans-Christoph Dittscheid, Gury Schneider-Ludorff (eds.): More than stones ... Synagogue Memorial Volume Bavaria - Part III / 1 (Lower Franconia). Lindenberg 2015. p. 847 (glossary).
- Nils Ederberg: End of a Time: Why the Day of the Temple Destruction also gives cause for hope . Jewish General , July 11, 2013
- Solothurn (Switzerland). In: From the history of the Jewish communities in the German-speaking area. 2014, accessed August 22, 2020 .
- Naomi Lubrich, 1976-: Jewish Switzerland: 50 objects tell history = Jewish Switzerland: 50 objects tell their stories . Ed .: Jewish Museum of Switzerland. 1st edition. Basel, ISBN 978-3-85616-847-6 .