Fire Department Munich

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Fire Department Munich
Coat of arms of Munich Office of the City of Munich
Fire department / fire station 1
Fire department / fire station 1
Professional fire brigade
Founding year: 1879
Locations: 10
Employee: 2,100 (as of 2019)
Volunteer firefighter
Founding year: 1866
Departments: 22nd
Active members: 1,062 (as of 2019)
Youth fire brigade
Founding year: 1982
Groups: 4th
Members: 162
Vehicle (HLF) of the Munich fire brigade in action around the Oktoberfest
Patch of the volunteer fire brigade Munich

The Munich fire brigade is a public fire brigade , as a municipal authority it is also known as the fire department . This in turn is part (Main Department IV) of the district administration department . The Munich fire brigade consists of a professional fire brigade that maintains ten fire stations and handles around 80,000 missions (of which approx. 70% in the rescue service) annually, as well as a volunteer fire brigade , whose over 1000 active fire brigade members are divided into 22 departments and over 3,500 annually - be alerted times . This makes it one of the largest fire departments in Germany. The individual fire stations and fire stations are distributed over the entire city area in order to be able to comply with the legal aid period of ten minutes everywhere.



As with most fire brigades in Germany, the first units of gymnastics clubs were founded. In 1848, a gymnastics association volunteered for the city's gymnastics fire brigade . Due to the overall political situation ( revolution in 1848 ) and the generally prevailing reservations against associations, this was dissolved again in 1850.

1866: Foundation of the Munich volunteer fire brigade

Saurer automotive syringe of the FF Munich, Dept. 1 at the beginning of the 20th century
Commemorative medal of the VIII Company of the Munich Volunteer Fire Brigade from 1912; awarded to deserving founding members
A 1941 police Tannengrün delivered Magirus - Automotive Head

After several attempts, especially in the 1860s, which failed mainly for financial reasons, the Munich volunteer fire brigade was founded on September 10, 1866 at the work of Julius Knorr , JB Sartorius and city planner Arnold Zenetti . A serious fire accident on July 9, 1866 in house No. 10 on Schützenstrasse (today Dachauer Strasse 40) and the ascertained lack of necessary push ladders were the most serious argument that forced the city to act. The first in command was the builder Reinhold Hirschberg. Seven fire stations were available in what was then the city.

1870 to 1900

Due to the incorporation of neighboring communities, Munich and with it the fire brigade grew steadily. So was z. B. 1877 Sendling part of the state capital. The already existing fire brigades were integrated into the Munich fire brigade as so-called companies (Sendling VI. Company) (see also Sendling Department; below). As early as 1870, due to the rapidly growing population, a constantly manned night watch was set up in Munich and assigned to the volunteer fire department. Eight years later, the city of Munich decided to set up a permanently manned guard. Thus, on July 1, 1879, the Munich professional fire brigade was founded; its main station at that time was located on Heumarkt (later St.-Jakobs-Platz ).

1900 to 1945

In 1904 the professional fire brigade moved into the new and still existing main fire station on Blumenstrasse (today An der Hauptfeuerwache ). By the end of 1913, all horse-drawn carriages had been abolished at the Munich fire brigade, and vehicles with gasoline engines were used entirely . This made Munich the first city to fully motorize its fire service fleet. At the same time, the 13 companies of the volunteer fire brigade that had been created by then were merged into 6 departments.

After 1918, other communities around Munich were incorporated and their fire departments were also incorporated into the Munich volunteer fire department. Thus only one volunteer fire brigade developed in Munich, which maintained several locations. By the end of 1921 the volunteer fire brigade had 471 active members and before the Second World War the workforce had increased to 1,300 men.

After the seizure of power by the Nazis in late January 1933, the first was fire extinguishing Act (FLG) adopted and entered into force on 1 January 1934th Although this name did not officially exist, the term "fire police" was already used there. With the " Law on Fire Extinguishing " enacted in November 1938 , the name was officially changed to Fire Police . Equipping the wagons with blue lights , the uniform Storz couplings for the hoses and hydrants and the central alarm system via sirens were also regulated by the law. The implementing ordinance for this law issued in October 1938 by the Reich and Prussian Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick finally deprived the states of comprehensive responsibility for fire services. Although the municipalities still had to bear all costs for personnel, equipment, buildings, etc., the supervision and thus the right to issue instructions were transferred to the Reich . All fire departments, the tool and volunteer fire departments , now subordinate to the local departments of the regular police of the " Reichsführer SS " and chief of the German Police Heinrich Himmler . In order to indicate this externally, the emergency vehicles delivered from 1940 on were painted in the fir green ( RAL 6009) of the police.

The air raids on Munich claimed many victims, including among the fire brigade. At the end of the war , many fire stations and emergency vehicles were destroyed. The acquisition of new special fire fighting vehicles and equipment was difficult or even impossible in the post-war period and it was necessary to improvise.

1945 to 2000

The dense network of fire engines of the volunteer fire brigade, which had emerged in the inner city area before the Second World War, was disbanded by the occupying powers. B. fire-fighting train 3 / company 6 (fire-fighting train Laim). It was not until 1947 that it was rebuilt with the support of the professional fire brigade. As a result, some departments were re-established (more or less continued) others such as B. the department of Waldtrudering (1957) were rebuilt much later. New departments such as Sendling (see below for more details) or the Stadtmitte department (founded in 1967 as Löschzug Stadtmitte) were created, which replaced or reorganized units that existed before the war.

In 1972, in the course of the 1972 Summer Olympics , the silent alarm system was introduced in Munich , until then the volunteer fire brigade was alerted with a siren on the roofs of the fire stations. Since the 1990s, the volunteer fire brigade has been alerted to all emergency operations (for which the statutory deadline applies) at the same time as the professional fire brigade.

At the end of the 1970s, a new type of turntable ladder design, the so-called low design , was developed in a cooperation between the professional fire department in Munich and the fire truck manufacturer Magirus-Deutz . The vehicle, which was built in series from 1980 and ordered in 12 units by the Munich fire brigade, had a height of just 2.85 meters and was therefore significantly lower than conventional turntable ladders with heights between 3.20 and 3.30 meters. This enabled low gate passages and backyards to be reached, for which conventional turntable ladder vehicles were too high. A vehicle width of just 2.40 meters also resulted in good maneuverability.

Munich HLF ( Atego 1429 )

At the end of the 1980s, all fire engines and semi-fire trains of the Munich volunteer fire department were renamed into departments, e.g. B. from Löschzug Michaeliburg in department Michaeliburg. With the procurement of the 21 LF 16/12 , an independent vehicle was procured for the first time for the FF, which could also be used alone for an initial attack during fire or THL operations . In 2010, for the first time in Munich, a total of 58 standardized rescue vehicles 20/16 were procured for the volunteer and professional fire services.

Professional fire brigade

Vehicle label

The main load of the operations in Munich is taken on by the professional fire brigade. This consists of around 1,800 fire service officers (including trainees) and 270 people in administration, IT and the technical service. Every day, 300 officers are on constant alert in the ten fire and nine ambulance stations in 24-hour shifts. They perform over 7,000 fire missions , 17,000 technical assistance missions and over 62,000 rescue missions every year . In addition, there are numerous assignments and work by special groups that are also recruited from the professional fire brigade. These come from the areas of water rescue , environmental protection, rescue at heights , emergency medical services, civil and disaster protection , and hazard prophylaxis. The professional fire brigade also operates an emergency pressure chamber and has equipped each of its rescue vehicles for use as a first responder vehicle .

In Munich, the professional fire brigade maintains ten fire stations, which are distributed over the entire city area and in which the special units are also housed. In addition to the tasks of defensive fire protection, the remaining approx. 600 civil servants who do not work in shifts (so-called day duty officers) perform the tasks and activities of preventive fire protection in addition to administrative service and work in their own workshops .

Standard fire engine

The standard fire brigade of the Munich fire brigade consists of a command vehicle 1 (ELW), two rescue vehicles (HLF; Munich design / specification ), a turntable ladder with basket 23-12 (DLK), and an ambulance (RTW). The target strength of the delete course is thus 1/2/15/ 18 or 16 according to AGBF when the RTW does not consider crew behavior as a fire unit (see also integrated into the emergency service ).

Fire station 1 - main fire station / fire department

SLF of FW 1

The main fire station ( ) was inaugurated on July 11, 1904 as a replacement for the too small central fire house that was used by the professional fire brigade for 25 years. Apart from minor renovations, its appearance has not changed to this day. The main fire station is also the seat of the fire department of the district administration department and also the fire station (FW) 1. This is responsible for the management of the professional fire brigade, the voluntary fire brigade, the disaster and civil protection in the city of Munich. In addition, the fire department also works out operational plans and deployment orders , distributes operational resources to the guards in the city area, manages the integrated control center (ILSt), decides on recruitment, procurement of operational material and the maintenance of the fire stations. She is also active in preventive fire and hazard protection and carries out administrative work.

A special fire extinguishing vehicle (SLF) is stationed at the main fire station next to the fire engine . The lead vehicles of the inspection service and the management service as well as the organizational manager and the emergency service manager can also be found here . The children's NEF (Florian Munich 76/10) and the newborn ambulance (Florian Munich 70/30) are also housed here. The guard is also assigned an ambulance (Florian Mitte 70/1), which is not stationed at the fire station, but in the inner city clinic (see section on emergency doctor locations ).

The Munich Public Fire Brigade Museum has been located in the service building since 1979 .

Fire station 2 - Sendling

Fire station 2

Fire station 2 ( ) was put into operation in autumn 1967 after the old fire station 2 on Boschetsrieder Strasse had become too small and could no longer meet the growing demands. A respiratory protection and hose workshop as well as the fire brigade school are attached to the fire station. In particular, the inspection and maintenance of breathing apparatus , hoses , jump rescue equipment , fire lines and protective clothing is carried out by this fire station. The fire brigade school has its own fleet of vehicles, a training hall and a fire simulation system (gas-fired).

Currently, in Sendling next to a fire engine, a trolley respirator / radiation protection , a trolley dangerous , a Tanklöschfahrzeug 4000 and two hook lift stationed. The vehicles of the Analytical Task Force are also based here. The guard is also assigned an emergency doctor's vehicle (Florian Großhadern 76/1), which is not stationed at the fire station, but at the Großhadern Clinic .

Fire station 3 - Westend

Fire station 3

The fire station in Westend ( ) began its service on October 28, 1983, replacing the old fire stations 3 and 8, which were each manned by a group , as the new fire station 3, which houses a train. Fire station 3 is located in the immediate vicinity of Theresienhöhe and Theresienwiese and offers the option of reinforcing your security team at any time. In addition, this guard has a large sports hall and an exercise tower, as well as an integrated control center since 1997. Since then it has been used as a group guard with special vehicles. In 2017, the control center moved to the new FW 4, so that FW 3 can be "moved" further west (Laim) in the long term.

Currently there are (/ nominal thickness 1/1/10 on the fire station 3, a halfmove 12 ) consisting housed from a command vehicle, a turntable ladder with basket 23-12, a vehicle assistance delete 20/16 and an ambulance. A special fire extinguishing vehicle and a small alarm vehicle are also stationed here. The guard is also assigned an emergency vehicle (Florian Thalkirchen 76/1), which, however, is not stationed at the fire station, but at the Surgical Clinic Munich South (see below: Emergency doctor service). In 2018 the city council decided that fire station 3 should move from Westend to Laim.

Fire station 4 - Schwabing

Fire station 4 Schwabing ( ) went into service in May 2016 after a two-year construction period. It is located at Heßstrasse 120, on the site of the former disaster control center , in the Schwabing-West district of Munich , but continues to be called Schwabing. The construction costs for the new station amounted to 85 million euros. It was planned and built as a large security base in accordance with the "Target Planning Fire Station 2020" (see section "Future" ). In 2017, the integrated control center moved from FW 3 to the new building. The area of ​​application includes the districts of Schwabing, Maxvorstadt , Neuhausen , the English Garden , Freimann and parts of Lehels . In addition to the professional fire brigade, which is stationed here with a Munich fire brigade, the KLAF and the disaster control vehicle , the city center department of the Munich volunteer fire brigade and units of the disaster control are housed on the site. An ambulance (Fl Schwabing 70/1), which is stationed at the Schwabing Clinic, is also manned by the guard.

Fire station 4

The former fire station 4 ( ) went into operation in 1970. The six-storey building also housed the clothing workshop until 1984, but this was relocated to Neuperlach for reasons of space . Since then, the premises have been used for security operations and continue to be used as official apartments for the police officers. In addition, the guard will serve as an interim location for fire engine 1 during the renovation work on fire station 1.

Fire station 5 - Ramersdorf

Fire station 5 ( ) in Ramersdorf to the east of Munich was inaugurated in December 1951 and two years later an extension was added. This housed the vehicle workshop, which has since been moved to Neuperlach. Also in 1953 a training pool was built and in 1964 a respiratory protection workshop was set up in Ramersdorf.

The Ramersdorf fire station is the seat of the technical building maintenance and electrical systems department , which carries out construction work on the fire stations and fire stations of the Munich fire brigade, and the extinguishing water supply department . This controls all public extinguishing water extraction points in Munich, as well as dry extinguishing water pipes in underground and suburban railway systems and larger structures.

All metrological, medical and respiratory protection equipment that the fire brigade procures have been tested and selected in Ramersdorf. Emergency doctors and ambulances are also disinfected here. Another special feature of this fire station are the overpressure treatment chamber stationed here, a team of divers that can also be deployed by helicopter.

As part of the large-scale restructuring and modernization of the Munich fire brigade, a second disaster control center is currently being built in Ramersdorf (as of 2019).

In addition to the mandatory fire-fighting train, Ramersdorf also houses a large-capacity ambulance, an emergency vehicle, a water rescue equipment trolley , a respiratory protection / radiation protection equipment trolley, an infection ambulance, various cars and trucks for the affiliated workshops, as well as the pressure chamber. In addition, the colleagues with disinfector training are stationed here, who are also alerted to certain key words and are responsible for questions about hygiene and infectious diseases. An ambulance vehicle (Florian Ottobrunn 76/1) is also assigned to the guard. This is located in Ottobrunn in the fire station of the volunteer fire brigade. The NEF in the Bogenhausen hospital is manned alternately with fire station 8.

In addition, an ambulance from the Aicher Ambulanz Union (manned daily from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 a.m.) is stationed at fire station 5.

Fire station 6 - Pasing

The fire station in Pasing ( ) went into service in 1979. In addition to the guard building, it includes a workshop and storage building. In this fire station there is a department for preventive fire protection, which regularly carries out safety inspections and is also available to advise if defects are found. In addition, the entire rescue medical training and further education of the Munich fire brigade takes place in Pasing, which includes training as rescue workers , paramedics and emergency paramedics , but first aid courses and training on the automated external defibrillator are also offered. Here, the fire station also works closely with the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich in the training of medical students, emergency doctors and other rescue service employees. Furthermore, one of the three respiratory protection workshops can be found in Pasing, as well as the special equipment store (store for aids in the event of a disaster). The latter mainly holds camp beds , sandbags, pumps, food containers and other material that can be used in the shortest possible time.

Large-capacity ambulance (GRTW) Munich

Accordingly, in addition to the “classic” fire engines of the fire engine, there are also various transport trucks in Pasing, such as B. a roll-off and two skip loaders, as well as forklifts, wheel loaders and fire brigade crane KW 50. Furthermore, there is a rescue vehicle , a respiratory protection / radiation protection equipment vehicle, a large-capacity ambulance , a water rescue equipment vehicle for the diving unit, as well as a tank fire engine 20/40-SL and a large fan equipment trolley stationed.

The fleet is supplemented by a small alarm vehicle and the emergency doctor's vehicle (Florian Pasing 76/1) from the guard, which is located at the Pasing hospital. Fire station 6 also has an intensive incubator for transferring newborns by ambulance. In addition, fire department diver and fire department instructor training takes place at fire station 6.

Fire station 7 - Milbertshofen

Fire station 7 ( ) was moved into a group station in December 1960 and expanded into a train station in 1964. At that time, a workshop wing was also set up in which the central joinery is housed. This manufactures furniture and fixtures for the professional fire brigade and is manned by security officers as well as other employees.

The fire brigade in Milbertshofen is home to the fire engine , a hose trolley 2000, equipment trolleys for hazardous goods and a small alarm vehicle . In addition, an emergency doctor's vehicle (Florian Oberschleißheim 76/1) at the "Helmholtzzentrum" location and an emergency doctor's car (Florian Nymphenburg 70/1) at the "Third Order Clinic" location are manned. Fire station 7 also houses an ambulance station of the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund manned around the clock by an ambulance .

Fire station 8 - Föhring

Fire station 8 ( ) has a special position among the Munich fire stations. It was built in 1995 on a city-owned property outside the city limits in order to protect the neighboring city districts and especially a neighboring heating power station . The fire station 8 is designed as a half-train station, which also has a practice tower and a sports field. The height rescue group is also stationed in this station.

At present, a half-train (nominal thickness 1/1/10 / are in the fire station 8 12 ) consisting of a MCU, a HLF 20/16 and 23/12 DLK, and a Tanklöschfahrzeug TLF 4000 and the height rescue trolley housed. The emergency doctor vehicle (Florian Bogenhausen 76/1) from guard 8 is at the Bogenhausen hospital. An ambulance from the MKT company is also stationed at FW 8 around the clock.

Fire station 9 - Neuperlach

Fire station 9 - Neuperlach

The Neuperlach fire station ( ) has been taking on fire protection in the Neuperlach district in southeast Munich since 1975 . It houses an independent repair workshop that maintains, maintains and repairs the vehicles of the professional and voluntary fire brigade. There is also a clothing workshop in Neuperlach, where the personal protective equipment of the emergency personnel is stored, mended, washed and handed out. A preventive fire protection department is also represented in Neuperlach.

Fire station 9 currently has a half-train consisting of a command vehicle, an emergency fire fighting group vehicle 20/16 , a turntable ladder with cage 23-12, and a tank fire engine 20/40 SL. There is also a small alarm vehicle and an ambulance here. A 50 t fire brigade crane, a large ventilator equipment trolley and an aerial rescue platform 53 are also housed in Neuperlach as special vehicles . The emergency doctor's vehicle (Florian Neuperlach 76/1) has been permanently at fire station 9 since the beginning of 2010.

Fire station 10 - Riem

Fire station 10 - Riem

Fire station 10 ( ) has been located on the site of the former Munich Riem Airport since March 1998 . This was made necessary by the new trade fair and the adjacent trade fair town of Riem . In particular, it also has a practice yard and a climbing tower . There is also a workshop for chainsaws and fire extinguishers , which, among other things, carries out the mandatory biennial checks.

There is currently a half-train (ELW, HLF, DLK) and a special fire-extinguishing vehicle in fire station 10 . an ambulance and an ambulance vehicle (Florian Riem 76/1) are stationed. During the trade fair, the guard will be reinforced by a command vehicle and another rescue vehicle.


The fire stations and fire stations, some of which were built in the 1970s, are to be overhauled as part of an extensive renovation program. Fire station 4, which went into operation in May 2016, was also managed under this program. (see also fire station 4; below). Due to the rapidly growing areas in the west of Munich and the unfavorable location of several guards, a total of five fire stations will be relocated or newly built. Since two existing enforcement guards are to be split up, there will probably be a total of 12 professional fire brigade locations in the city from 2020.

In 2018, the city council announced an increase in the number of professional fire brigade stations. Guard 7 in Milbertshofen is to be divided into one in Feldmoching and one in Freimann. Guard 6 in Pasing is also to be divided into a guard in Aubing and one in Allach. In addition, Wache 3 is to move from Westend to Laim.

Volunteer firefighter

Munich volunteer fire brigade
File: 20140929 Harthof Volunteer Fire Brigade 087.jpg
legal form registered association
founding September 10, 1866
Seat Munich
purpose Volunteer firefighter
Chair City Fire Chief Rupert Saller

The voluntary fire brigade in Munich assumes a support function towards the professional fire brigade. It is part of fire protection, technical assistance and especially in extended disaster control . In principle, she is called in on all operations involving personal injury. It is divided into 22 operational departments, which are stationed in the Central, North, East, South and West areas. As special units, it operates the IuK group, the flight assistant squadron, the ABC train and the catering train for the Munich fire brigade.

The volunteer fire brigade is affiliated with the fire department. The head of the professional fire brigade or fire department (chief fire director) is supported by the city ​​fire chief (commander), who in turn is supported by the city ​​fire inspector and the five area leaders . Your command ( city ​​fire inspection ) is based in fire station 4 (Schwabing). The Munich volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1866 as a result of a serious fire with fatalities. She was able to fall back on a fire station, which was built in 1794 and was used by contracted craftsmen and city workers for fire protection tasks. In December 1870, more volunteer fire brigades were incorporated into what is now the detachment area of ​​the city center department. In the 1890s, other localities were added to the Munich city area, and their fire departments were incorporated into the Munich volunteer fire department.

Middle area

City center department

Former fire station department city center (former police driving school)

The city center ( ) department was re-established as the fire fighting group center in 1970, although fire brigade units already existed in the city center (see history; above). In the middle of 1971 she was included in the alerting plan of the professional fire brigade and could be called by telephone in order to then move out with her two vehicles. The troops, which had grown to more than 50 men in the following year, were increasingly equipped with radio receivers and received another emergency vehicle. She also takes part in the permanent watch at the Olympic Games.

With the incorporation of the air raid relief service in 1973 into the expanded disaster control, the city center department received new accommodation, the center for disaster control. However, the department has been temporarily housed in the former buildings of the police driving school on Dachauer Straße for several years . In May 2016, she will move back to the former site of the disaster control center in Heßstrasse, this time to the new station, together with the fire station 4, the integrated control center, the command of the FF Munich and the flight assistants (see below).

Since 1984 the department, which has grown to over 80 members, has taken over the (first) ABC train of the city of Munich.
The department is directly subordinate to the city fire inspection of the volunteer fire brigade, its area of ​​operation mainly covers the area within the middle ring . Since all fire stations are in this area, except for FW 6.8 to 10, it will i. A. only alerted when a second fire engine is deployed (2nd departure) (see also deployment regulations ).

The city center department currently has four emergency fire fighting group vehicles 20/16 , a respiratory and radiation protection equipment vehicle , an ABC reconnaissance vehicle , a decontamination truck for people , a swap-loader vehicle (WLF) with two containers (decontamination of civilians, water pumping system). An e-suction trailer (industrial water vacuum cleaner), a light mast trailer and a decon V trailer are available as trailers. A multi-purpose vehicle (MZF) supplements the vehicle fleet.

On Saturday, May 21, 2016, the city center department moved into its new fire station at Heßstrasse 120. This is located in the rear building of fire station 4 (Schwabing) and is a special feature, as the professional fire service and volunteer fire service are stationed together in one building for the first time.

Flight Assistant Department

The flight assistant unit helps fight forest fires from the air, animal rescue missions and flood missions in which sandbags are brought into inaccessible areas by helicopter. In addition, she is responsible for setting up and operating helipads within the city in the event of major disasters. The area of ​​application includes the city of Munich. In the event of major disasters or special events, the department can also be deployed throughout Bavaria.

The flight assistant department currently has two command vehicles ( ELW ) and two fire-fighting container trailers, a Semat F 5000 trailer and a Semat F 900 trailer.

North area

Feldmoching Department

The Feldmoching department has a rescue vehicle 20/16, an LF 16/12 and an LF 20 KatS . Your fire station is integrated in the Feldmoching town hall ( ) on the corner of Feldmochinger Strasse and Josef-Frankl-Strasse in the center of Feldmoching .

Harthof department

Firefighting group vehicle 16/12 (Munich model year 2003)

The exact time of the founding of the former Harthof volunteer fire brigade can no longer be reconstructed, but is dated to 1922. It was only after the Second World War, which destroyed the structure of the Munich fire brigade, that the Munich fire brigade was re-established in January 1948 as the Harthof fire brigade. This was planned to support the fire-fighting train in Feldmoching, which then received its fire station in 1950. A year later, the fire department in Munich granted an application for the fire fighting group to be independent. In the following years, the Harthof fire fighting group was further trained and expanded until it was recognized as a department in 1979 and was given its current fire station ( ). Today the Harthof department moves out on an emergency fire fighting group vehicle 20/16 , a fire fighting group vehicle 16/12 and an MZF and can attach an e-vacuum trailer if necessary.

Freimann department

The Freimann ( ) department, which has more than 35 men and women , was founded in May 1870 as an independent fire brigade and later integrated into the Munich volunteer fire brigade. Today the comrades do around 200 missions a year, making the department one of the most frequently alerted members of the Munich volunteer fire department. Its areas of application include a large industrial area, the Allianz Arena , a large section of the motorway and the subway. Since 1995, the professional fire brigade has been alerted at the same time as indicated. On July 19, 2017, a fire broke out in the fire station in Freimann. This caused millions of euros in damage to equipment and vehicles. The vehicle fleet currently consists of a rescue group vehicle 20/16, a fire fighting group vehicle 16/12 , a multi-purpose vehicle (fire brigade) and a traffic safety trailer .

Oberföhring department

The Oberföhring volunteer fire brigade was founded in January 1870 and merged with the neighboring brigades from Daglfing , Unterföhring and Ismaning in 1907 . When Oberföhring was incorporated into the city of Munich in 1913, the Oberföhring fire brigade was included as Department 10 in the Munich fire brigade. However, the Oberföhring department did not reach its first motorized fire engine and thus on par with the other fire brigade units in Munich until 1932. At the time of National Socialism , the members of the volunteer fire brigade were incorporated into the fire protection auxiliary police or drafted by the Wehrmacht, which meant the temporary end of this department. The reconstruction of this fire service unit took place immediately after the end of the Second World War, while the occupation was still in progress.

After taking over the disaster control, the fire brigade in Munich was restructured, so that the Oberföhring department, together with the Riem and Trudering departments , formed the fire department in the East1 area. In 1979 the Oberföhring department received a new fire station, in the vehicle hall of which three fire engines can be accommodated.

Following an organizational change within the Munich volunteer fire brigade, the Oberföhring department has been assigned to the North area since 2004.

The Oberföhring department has two fire stations. One of them in Oberföhring ( ), in which an emergency fire-fighting vehicle 20/16 ( OF 40-1 ), a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 (OF 40-8) and a multi-purpose vehicle (OF 11-1) are housed. The other fire station is in Englschalking ( ) in which another rescue vehicle 20/16 (OF 40-2) and an LF 20 KatS (OF 41-1) are stationed.

East area

Department of Riem

In 1874 the Royal District Office of Munich-Land commissioned all municipalities to set up volunteer fire brigades. The then mayor of the Dornach-Riem community then called a founding meeting on November 22nd at the Alter Wirt inn in Riem. All citizens and farmers of the 398-inhabitant community were called upon to found a volunteer fire brigade. 46 men spontaneously agreed to do so. 1937 The Riem district of the Dornach-Riem community was incorporated into the city of Munich. As a result, Munich received a population increase of approx. 1000 inhabitants and an increase in area of ​​657.29 hectares. After around 62 years of community and good neighborliness, the Dornach-Riem volunteer fire brigade parted ways. The train of the volunteer fire brigade in the Riem district was assigned to the Munich volunteer fire brigade as semi-fire train No. 19 and equipped with a Saurer fire engine.

The Riem department ( ) currently has an HLF 20/16, a fire fighting group vehicle LF 16/12 and a personnel transport vehicle (MTF).

Trudering department

Munich Volunteer Fire Brigade, Trudering Department

The volunteer fire brigade was founded in Trudering in 1874 and rebuilt in 1919 after the First World War. At this time, fire fighting groups were founded in the districts of Waldtrudering and Michaeliburg, which were able to support the Trudering fire brigade. As early as 1925, the fire brigade received an alarm siren with which the fire fighters could be alerted during operations. A large number of the comrades fell victim to the Second World War, the emergency vehicles were destroyed when the Americans marched in. Nevertheless, the fire brigade was rebuilt in 1945 so that it could again ensure safety in its deployment area. Important tasks were also assigned to the Trudering department at the 1972 Summer Olympics. In 1982 a new fire station ( ) was moved into, so that the vehicles that had previously been housed separately were now available in one place.

Today the Trudering department has an HLF 20/16, a fire fighting group vehicle 16/12, a hose trolley 2000 with troop crew and, since 2015, a multi-purpose vehicle for transporting equipment and personnel. There are currently 30 fire service workers, including 4 women, in the Trudering department.

Michaeliburg department

Munich volunteer fire brigade, Michaeliburg department

At the end of the 1980s, the Michaeliburg ( ) department was founded from the semi-fire train of fire fighting group 17 . With 45 active members, the department, together with Perlach, Riem, Trudering, Waldperlach and Waldtrudering, belongs to the east area of ​​the Munich fire brigades. With an emergency fire engine, a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 and a multi-purpose vehicle, the department is called to an average of 90 missions a year.

Perlach department

The Perlach Voluntary Fire Brigade ( ) was founded in 1869, and was incorporated in 1930. In the course of this, the name was changed from Freiwillige Feuerwehr Perlach to Freiwillige Feuerwehr München, Perlach Department . Today it has an emergency fire fighting group vehicle 20/16 , a fire fighting group vehicle 16/12 , a tank fire engine 16/25 , a multi-purpose vehicle and a traffic safety trailer .

Waldperlach department

The Waldperlach ( ) department was founded on April 3, 1927 under the direction of Dr. Ing.Karl Freiherr von Stockhausen founded. After the Second World War, the fire brigade was reorganized by six of the founding members in 1949.

The department currently has a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 , a tank fire engine 16/25 , a multi-purpose vehicle and the standard rescue vehicle 20/16 of the Munich fire brigade. In June 2016, an LF 20 KatS procured by the Federal Ministry of the Interior was put into service, which is also active in.

In addition, the troops were given so-called external load containers for fire fighting from the air (with helicopters e.g. from the Bavarian Police Helicopter Squadron) of the type SEMAT 900 (2 containers with a capacity of 900 l each) and SEMAT 5000 (2 containers with a capacity of 5000 each l) assigned. The department supports the flight assistants of the Munich fire brigade. The equipment also includes an Evolution 5000 thermal imaging camera from MSA-Auer .

The new fire station, built after 20 years of planning, is located in Im Gefilde 4 on the corner of Putzbrunner Straße, near fire station 9 (Neuperlach). The move took place in October 2006, and it was officially inaugurated during the celebrations for the 80th anniversary in July 2007.

41 active firefighters are currently involved in this department.

Waldtrudering department

Munich volunteer fire brigade, Waldtrudering department

The exact founding date of the fire fighting group in Waldtrudering can unfortunately no longer be determined, as all documents were destroyed in the Second World War. However, in the history of the Truderinger fire brigade, the Waldtruderinger extinguishing group was mentioned as early as 1921, which was an important addition to fire protection in the then Trudering community. In 1923 it was officially founded as an independent fire brigade. At that time, the Waldtruderingen fire brigade had a hand pump that had to be pulled by the crew. This was housed in a shed next to the then water tower. In 1930 an old syringe truck with a motor-driven pump that was pulled by a truck was purchased. Since the shed became too small, it had to be enlarged. On December 1, 1931, when the Waldtrudering volunteer fire brigade was accepted into the Bavarian State Fire Brigade Association, the following was noted in the registration form:

Number of members:

  • I. technical train (Steiger): 10 men
  • II. Technical train (syringe men): 18 men
  • Signalists: 2 men
  • Security team: 10 men

Number of devices:

After the town was incorporated into Munich in April 1932, the fire brigade unit was renamed the Munich-Waldtrudering Volunteer Fire Brigade, Halblöschzug 18 . After the war there was no interest in re-establishing the fire brigade until the proposal was made in 1957 to re-establish the fire brigade. At that time, the alarm was issued via a siren, which was replaced by the silent alarm in the early 1970s . Since 1992 this has been alerted together with the professional fire brigade.

The Waldtrudering department ( ) is currently deploying an emergency fire fighting vehicle 20/16 ( WT 40.1 ), a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 (WT 40.8), and an MZF (WT 11.1). The department, which currently has 43 active members (6 of them women), is located in the area of ​​fire stations 9 and 10.

South area

Forstenried department

The Forstenrieder fire brigade consists of 29 active fire fighters (as of 12/2010). The operational area extends from Boschetsrieder Strasse in the north to the motorway ring in the south and from Drygalski Allee in the east to the city limits in the west. The main tasks in the disengagement area are technical assistance, preventive and defensive fire protection. In the event of major incidents, such as storm damage or major fires, the Forstenried volunteer fire brigade is deployed throughout the city.

The fire station ( ) is located at Forstenrieder Allee 177, the vehicle fleet consists of a rescue group vehicle 20/16 , a fire group vehicle 16/12 and a tank fire engine 16/25 with a traffic safety trailer .

Großhadern department

Fire station of the Dept. Großhadern in the old town hall

The existence of an organized fire brigade is documented for the first time through the delivery contract for an extinguishing syringe from November 29, 1859. The company “Kgl. Hoffeuerhaus Dominick Kirchmair ”then handed over a fire extinguishing syringe with a double pumping station. She was served by six to eight men and cast a steady stream of water up to 70 feet. The price of the syringe was agreed at 500 florins. The old sprayer was apparently so solidly built or used so little that another extinguishing machine had to be commissioned after 30 years. The new device was operated by at least 10 men and cost 1200 marks.

The newly founded fire brigade in Großhadern was registered with the Bavarian State Fire Brigade Association on September 8, 1892 under the "Very Highest Protectorate of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent Luitpold of Bavaria".

Großhadern was incorporated into Munich in 1938 and so the Großhadern fire department became the Großhadern department of the Munich voluntary fire department. This makes the Großhadern department, one of the youngest departments of the Munich volunteer fire department.

Today the Großhadern department ( ) is deployed on a rescue vehicle 20/16 , a tank fire engine 16/25 and a multi-purpose vehicle (MZF) . The disengagement area of ​​the Großhadern volunteer fire brigade includes the districts: Hadern , Blumenau and parts of Laim and Pasing. The Großhadern Clinic, the Augustinum, various LMU laboratories, 5 subway stations and several schools are located in the disengagement area.

The Großhadern department is located in the operational area of ​​fire stations 2, 3 and 6 and is deployed in the entire urban area of ​​Munich in the event of major incidents. With around 50 firefighters, the Großhadern operations department is deployed together with the Munich fire department.

In addition, the construction of a new fire station is planned.

Sendling department

Area of ​​application of the Sendling department

A volunteer fire brigade was founded in Sendling in 1869 as a result of a serious fire. With the incorporation of Sendlings in 1877, this was incorporated into the Munich fire brigade, making it the first fire brigade in Munich to be established outside of Munich. In 1889 it was decided to found another company near the slaughterhouse , which, like the company from Thalkirchen, was merged with the fire brigade in Sendling during the reorganization of the volunteer fire brigade in Munich. The vehicles were housed in the fire station of the Sendlinger fire brigade, while the comrades in the Schlachthofviertel and Thalkirchen gathered at assembly points, where they were picked up by the professional fire brigade. During the Second World War, this fire station and with it all of the fire brigade's equipment were destroyed in a bomb attack.

In 1972, a fire fighting group in the Waldfriedhofviertel was set up with comrades from the Großhadern fire fighting group, which was to move out together with Großhadern. This fire fighting group received a fire fighting group vehicle in 1974 and was able to move out independently from then on. In the period that followed, this group was assigned more vehicles. It was not until November 1980 that this department was given the name Sendling again after it had received a new fire station in Zillertalstrasse ( ).

In Sendling are currently two assistance delete vehicles 20/16 two trolley ICT , a crew transport vehicle and three motorcycles as a dispatch rider stationed.

Department Solln

Fire station Solln

The Solln volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1873, was later integrated into the Munich fire brigade. Today the Solln ( ) department moves out with a rescue group vehicle 20/16 and two fire fighting group vehicles 16/12 .

West area

Allach department

The Allach ( ) department has existed since 1874 and was founded under the name of the Allach volunteer fire department. In 1938 Allach was incorporated into the city of Munich and the Allach volunteer fire brigade, which had been independent for more than sixty years, became the fire engine 27 of the Munich volunteer fire brigade.

On June 1, 1946, the Allach farmer Trinkl was elected as the first extinguishing group leader after the war. At that time there were still 15 active firefighters on the Allach fire engine. In 1974 the Allach department celebrated its 100th anniversary.

The Allach department currently has an emergency fire-fighting vehicle HLF 20/16, two fire fighting group vehicles LF 16/12 and a multi-purpose vehicle MZF. The active team consists of over 50 comrades. This makes the Allach department one of the strongest departments in the Munich volunteer fire department. The youth fire department in the department offers around 10 young people between the ages of 12 and 17 a wide range of leisure activities with a strong focus on fire-fighting topics. On average, the Allach department handles 150 missions a year, with technical assistance for the removal of storm damage and fire fighting make up the majority of alarms.

Aubing department

The first reports about an "extinguishing machine" in Aubing come from the year 1856. The official establishment of the Aubing Volunteer Fire Brigade is January 1, 1882. In the course of the incorporation of Aubing into Munich, the fire brigade was also subordinated to the Munich volunteer fire department as extinguishing group 29.

The Aubing department ( ) is located in the fire station at Ubostraße 11. The release area includes Aubing, Aubing Ost, Westkreuz, Neuaubing and Freiham. Then there are the Moosschwaige, the Aubinger Lohe and A99 with the Aubinger Tunnel.

The fleet currently includes a multi-purpose vehicle (fire brigade) , an emergency fire fighting group vehicle 20/16 , a fire fighting group vehicle 20 for disaster control and a fire fighting group vehicle 16/12 . In addition, the Association of Friends of the Aubing Voluntary Fire Brigade maintains a historic horse sprayer. This is traditionally used to take part in the Oktoberfest entry in historical uniforms . The association also procured an AED and thermal imaging camera . The HLF can therefore be used as a first responder vehicle, as is the case with almost all departments of the FF Munich (requirement: personnel with training as paramedics are on the vehicle).

The department's youth group is integrated into the West area.

Department of Moosach

The Moosach department has a rescue vehicle 20/16, a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 and a multi-purpose vehicle. She has her fire station at Feldmochinger Strasse 1 at the confluence with Dachauer Strasse ( ).

The Moosach department can now look back on more than 125 years of history. Since the middle of the 19th century there was a municipal fire brigade in what was then the village of Moosach near Munich. This was replaced by the establishment of the voluntary fire brigade in Moosach on April 8, 1879, Paul Berthold sen. was first in command. As part of the incorporation of the village of Moosach in 1913, the Moosach volunteer fire brigade was incorporated into the municipal fire department of the city of Munich as Department 8. Of 14 active members drafted for World War I, only four returned after the war ended. On December 25, 1925, the department was the first Munich volunteer fire brigade to receive a motorized syringe with a three-stage Magirus high-pressure centrifugal pump with an output of 800 to 1000 liters / minute.

On April 21, 1931, the Moosach department put the first automobile vehicle into active service with the Munich volunteer fire department. In 1933 the Moosach department was dissolved and integrated into the general fire protection police. In the spring of 1945, Department 8 of the Munich volunteer fire brigade was re-established under commandant Josef Heinrich. In 1954 the 75th anniversary was celebrated with the consecration of the flag. The first section was at the volunteer fire department Munich, at the 1972 Summer Olympics , the silent alarm by Pager introduced. On March 19, 1979, the current fire station was handed over to the Moosach department. The old fire station was demolished in 1980. From May 4th to 6th 1979 the 100th anniversary of the founding was celebrated. In 1982 the first youth group of the Munich fire brigade was founded in the Moosach department, which celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2007. In 1993, Munich's first female firefighter began working in the Moosach department and successfully completed her basic training. On May 2, 2004, the Moosach department celebrated its 125th anniversary.

Obermenzing department

The Obermenzing ( ) department currently has a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 and an emergency fire fighting vehicle 20/16 as well as a team transport vehicle .

Langwied-Lochhausen department

The Langwied-Lochhausen volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1878, during the term of office of Lochhausen mayor Simon Heitmeier. The first commandant of the Langwied-Lochhauser fire brigade was Martin Naßl, who was elected at the constituent meeting on March 5, 1878. After the incorporation of Langwied-Lochhausen as the 40th district of the state capital of Munich on April 1, 1942, the local fire brigade, which had been independent until then, was incorporated into the Munich volunteer fire brigade as fire fighting group 30.

Today the Langwied-Lochhausen ( ) department consists of around 30 active fire service providers (including the youth fire service ) who can fall back on a high-quality fleet of vehicles and equipment.

  • HLF type "Munich": In mid-2011 the department was one of the last to receive the standard vehicle of the Munich fire brigade as an initial release. The equipment includes an additional AED and advanced medical equipment.
  • LF 16/12: Standard vehicle of the Munich Fire Department, among other things additionally equipped with thermal imaging camera, AED, pulse oximeter .
  • TLF 16/25: Additionally loaded with an electric vacuum cleaner and optionally with a rapid response boat and associated equipment for water and ice rescue. In addition, it is used as a towing vehicle for the VSA ( traffic safety trailer ) of the department, which is responsible for the A8 / A99 area.
  • MZF: The MB Sprinter that was taken over from the US Army was completely converted into a fire engine by the comrades. In addition to providing operational support, it also serves the youth fire brigade and association work.

In addition to the vehicles mentioned, there is also a multi-purpose trailer that can be used for a wide variety of transports.

Ludwigsfeld Pheasantry Department

The Ludwigsfeld-Fasanerie ( ) department is located in the west area. The department currently has a fire fighting vehicle 16/12 and an emergency fire fighting vehicle 20/16, as well as a supply truck , which is also used as a driving school vehicle for training new drivers within the FF Munich.

Youth fire brigade

The Munich youth fire brigade was founded in 1982 in the Moosach department of the Munich volunteer fire brigade and celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2007. The youth group is now an integral part of the Munich volunteer fire department. It is divided into five groups, in which around 250 boys and girls between the ages of 12 and 18 actively deal with the subject of fire services. The members of the youth fire brigade are trained in fire fighting technology and first aid , and there is also an extensive leisure program.


Professional fire brigade

The professional fire brigade candidates are acc. the applicable national regulations or international agreements, etc. a. those of the North Rhine-Westphalia Fire Brigade Institute , depending on the qualification level (two to four). At the fire brigade and rescue service school on FW2, training mainly takes place in the courses BI (basic course) and BIII (group leader course or equivalent courses after the administrative reform ). The train driver courses (BIV) take place at the State Fire Brigade School Geretsried (SFSG) .

Volunteer firefighter

The training of the volunteer fire brigade is carried out by the training and education center (TAZ) in cooperation with the professional fire brigade. With the exception of special topics, all courses up to and including the group leader qualification level (FIII) are trained in Munich. The basic training of the FF München extends over a period of 3 years and takes a total of 350 hours spread over various courses (cf. FwDV 2 233 hours). It is completed with the qualification to become a troop leader (FII) and the promotion to a senior firefighter .

Emergency medical service

The emergency medical service in the city and in the district of Munich was founded in 1966 by the professional fire brigade and is still operated today ( Rescue Service Association Munich). Since then, nine hospitals have provided a doctor specializing in internal medicine , surgery or anesthesia for service on the three ambulances and eight ambulance vehicles . The Munich emergency doctors go out about 80 times a day.

Emergency doctor locations

The vehicles for emergency medical service are in the Surgical Clinic of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich city ​​center (Florian Munich Mitte 70/1), in the Großhadern Clinic (Florian Munich Großhadern 76/1), in the Surgical Clinic Munich South (Florian Munich Thalkirchen 76 / 1) in Thalkirchen, in the Schwabing Clinic (Florian Munich Schwabing 70/1), on the fire station 10 (Florian Munich Riem 76/1), in the Munich Pasing Clinic (Florian Munich Pasing 76/1), in the Third Order Clinic (Florian Munich Nymphenburg 70/1), in the Helmholtz Center Munich (Florian Oberschleißheim 76/1), in the municipal hospital Bogenhausen (Florian Munich Bogenhausen 76/1), at the fire station 9 (Florian München Neuperlach 76/1) and at the fire station of the volunteer fire brigade Ottobrunn (Florian Ottobrunn 76/1) stationed. In addition, an emergency doctor is stationed on the Christoph 1 rescue helicopter ( Harlaching Clinic ). The ITH Christoph Munich at the Großhadern Clinic , which is mainly used for relocations and is staffed by two pilots, an emergency doctor and an air rescue assistant with intensive nursing additional training, is also available 24 hours a day for emergencies.

retired newborn emergency doctor with incubator
Pediatric ambulance vehicle, 2019
Depending on a defibrillator ( AED ) is available on all HLF verlastet the fire department Munich.


Most German cities have switched to a rendezvous system ; that is, the emergency doctor is brought to the scene of the incident in a car, the emergency doctor's vehicle (NEF).

Despite the results of a study commissioned by the Bavarian Ministry of the Interior ( TRUST = trend and structural analysis of the rescue service in Bavaria) and the corresponding recommendation by the Institute for Emergency Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich to convert all Bavarian NAWs to NEF, Munich continues to In addition to the emergency doctor vehicle (NEF), the emergency doctor vehicle (NAW) is used.

Since it is assumed that the rendezvous system is superior to the rendezvous system in the densely populated districts of the city, one NAW each is stationed at the Surgical Clinic Downtown, the Third Order Clinic and the Schwabing Hospital . However, if the emergency doctor has significantly longer travel times, an ambulance or a first responder vehicle from a fire station (Munich HLF ) or an aid organization such as B. Bavarian Red Cross or Maltese relief service sent in advance.

As of 2019, 10 hospitals are participating in the emergency medical service with doctors specializing in internal medicine , surgery or anesthesia . In addition, there is a pediatric emergency doctor, a newborn emergency doctor and a toxicological emergency doctor service available.

Special emergency doctors

In addition to these normal emergency doctors, Munich also has a pediatric emergency doctor who is also alerted by the integrated control center in emergencies involving children under the age of 12 . The doctor is provided by one of the four children's clinics in Munich on a weekly basis. The vehicle Florian Munich 76/10 is stationed at the main fire station. There is also a newborn emergency doctor from the ranks of the child specialists in the cardiological intensive care unit of the German Heart Center . This is particularly alerted in the case of problem births - that is, sudden births at home or problematic births in clinics that do not have a newborn intensive care unit. The neonatal emergency and intensive care power then the ambulance Florian Munich 70/30 picked up one mobile incubator has on board. In this way, a newborn child can receive intensive medical care until it is brought to a suitable children's intensive care unit.

In addition, there is a toxicological emergency doctor service in Munich who can provide help in the event of poisoning emergencies on site with the two large-capacity ambulances.

Involvement of the fire brigade in the rescue service

In Munich, the professional fire brigade takes over the emergency doctor service, while the ambulances are manned by the aid organizations and private rescue services . In addition, the ELRD is provided alternately by the BF and the aid organizations. In addition to the Bavarian Red Cross , these include the Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe , the Malteser Hilfsdienst and the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund . The private rescue services, which have been involved in emergency rescue since 1998, are mainly represented by the two companies MKT and Aicher Ambulanz-Union - they provide 6 and 8 ambulance vehicles respectively. These meanwhile also provide ELRD units. The IMS company also manned an ambulance. Some of the ambulances of the aid organizations and private rescue services are also stationed at the fire stations of the professional fire brigade.

Ambulances from the professional fire brigade are also stationed at the fire stations, and they move out with the fire engine every time they are deployed. They are actually not involved in the normal rescue service, as they serve for self-protection or supplement the personnel in the fire engine. In contrast to the other ambulance crews, the crew has medical and fire-fighting training. However, if there is no longer an ambulance from the regular rescue service, they will be alerted to cover the peak. The same applies to the ambulances of the works fire brigades (BMW, Krauss-Maffei, MTU / MAN and TU Munich in Garching).


Height rescue

Demonstration of the height rescue group 2017

Since May 1996, the Munich professional fire brigade has maintained a height rescue group at the Föhring fire station , five of which are constantly on duty. These belong to the normal fire service and move out for conventional fire service operations. However, they also have to be alerted about 110 times a year, since conventional rescue equipment such as turntable ladders, fall protection or the like are no longer sufficient. It also works closely with several air rescue services , which can also provide support with rescue helicopters if necessary .

A collaboration that is unique in Germany exists between the Bogenhausen Clinic and the Höhenrettern, as around 50 emergency doctors at this clinic have been instructed in height rescue. This also makes it possible to provide emergency medical care directly to patients in exposed locations and only then to rescue them through technical measures.

Water rescue / ice rescue

Due to civil service regulations, all professional firefighters in Germany have completed training as lifeguards (at least the German lifeguard badge in bronze). In addition, there is a group of divers on fire stations 5 and 6 who also move out with their water rescue equipment carts , in addition to the responsible guards. Fire service divers and fire service instructors are also trained at fire station 6.
In order to save time, two divers from fire station 5 are picked up by a rescue helicopter and flown directly to the scene. In order to be able to provide effective help before the diving group arrives, all other fire stations and fire stations are also equipped with water rescue devices. The respective units also move out regularly to rescue ice.

Pressure chamber

In order to be able to treat accidental divers, there is also a stationary pressure chamber on fire station 5 (center for hyperbaric medicine ), which is also suitable for the treatment of smoke gas poisoning and other intoxications. The hyperbaric chamber is one of the few in Germany that is on standby 24 hours a day. B. Diver doctor is immediately available. This and the corresponding technical equipment enables intensive medical care of the patient in the pressure chamber .

Analytical Task Force (ATF)

Since 2010 there has also been an analytical task force run jointly by volunteer and professional fire services in Munich .

Flight assistant squadron

The flight assistant squadron, which has existed since 2008, can, if necessary, work with the helicopters of other government organizations ( especially the police ) to fight forest fires from the air or to transport equipment and material with load nets (e.g. sandbags). For this purpose, it can set up and operate external landing areas (weather research, flight information / management). There are two 900 l and two 5000 l containers available for fighting forest fires (see section Waldperlach ), as well as various additional materials (e.g. 7000 l collapsible containers ).

Integrated control center


Munich operates Bavaria's oldest integrated control center, which coordinates the approximately 1400 daily operations of the fire brigade, rescue service, THW and disaster control in Munich (rescue service also those of the district) and dispatches 540 vehicles. For this purpose, the dispatchers can fall back on fire-fighting and rescue service training as well as several years of operational experience.

The integrated control center includes control rooms in order to enable the emergency response team to coordinate large-scale operations. It also serves nationwide as an advice center on handling hazardous substances and, if necessary, provides further help, such as B. TUIS , ATF. She is also responsible throughout Bavaria for the coordination of intensive care transport helicopters , as well as the distribution and availability of beds for severely burned people.

The control center accepts an emergency call every 30 seconds on average. In order to be able to cope with this volume, the integrated control center has 24 ISDN channels for the European emergency number 112 and 16 ISDN channels for the number 19222. These can be queried from 21 workstations at the same time, whereby eight additional telephone workstations can be switched on in the event of large-scale operations and severe weather . As a fall-back level, there has been an “Emergency IlST” since October 2005, which is housed in FW 1. To enable deaf people to request help, it is also possible to send an emergency fax . The processing of the deployment data is computer-assisted.

Nine radio channels of the 4-meter band and 16 2-meter channels , as well as digital radio, can not only alert units, but also communicate with them, there is also a radio network in the subway and suburban train, as well as in special buildings ( e.g. high-rise buildings, so-called building radio), communication with the emergency services is also possible here.

In 2017, the integrated control center moved from its previous location, FW3, to the newly built FW4 in Schwabing.

Civil protection

Disaster control vehicle of the Munich fire brigade (ELW 3)

The disaster control in Munich is made up of the professional fire brigade, the volunteer fire brigade, the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund , the Bavarian Red Cross , the Johanniter-Unfall-Hilfe , the Malteser Hilfsdienst eV, the German Life Saving Society , the Federal Agency for Technical Aid and the air rescue services. Volunteer members of these organizations who were involved in disaster control were exempted from military service.

Effective action by these units is particularly dependent on a well-organized management structure. For this reason, areas of damage are divided into operational sections, which are managed and coordinated by the local operations manager . In the event of a large number of injured persons , the latter is additionally supported by a senior emergency doctor and the organizational director (so-called medical emergency management SanEL). The integrated control center is responsible for passing on information and instructions to the individual sections of the mission.

The central vehicle hall for the Munich disaster control is the Zeppelin hall ( ) in the Sendling district. There are also large-scale camps of the aid organizations.

Civil defense

Civil defense is particularly aimed at civil protection in the event of a defense . The organization takes place parallel to the disaster control. In addition, the Munich fire brigade is also particularly active in the field of prevention. For this purpose, it maintains thirty protective systems, which also include large protection rooms , basic protection rooms and bunkers . The fire brigade school in Munich also offers regular instruction for companies and citizens.

A special area of ​​activity of civil protection precaution is the drinking water supply . This is guaranteed by a system of shallow and deep wells throughout the city, the fittings of which are camouflaged for safety reasons.

City Fire Brigade Association Munich

Fire brigades in the SFV

The Stadtfeuerwehrverband München eV, founded on September 20, 1993, unites all Munich fire brigades into one interest group. The board consists of the head of the professional fire brigade (1st chairman), the acting commander of the volunteer fire brigade (1st deputy chairman) and another person to be elected (2nd deputy chairman).

If necessary, the individual members of the City Fire Brigade Association support each other during operations and carry out joint exercises. The city fire brigade association holds an annual symposium at which experts give presentations on current topics in fire protection and technical assistance.

See also

Web links

Commons : Munich Fire Brigade  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

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