Rescue workers

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DRK specialist badge "Rescue worker"

Rescue workers (RH) or Rescue Service Helpers (RDH) are not a nationwide uniform qualification for personnel in the ambulance and rescue service ( rescue service specialists ). Unless there are national regulations, the regulations for deployment and training are specified by the respective local clubs or their umbrella organizations.

The main focus of this training is in the field of qualified ambulance, where you manned the ambulance together with a paramedic or a higher qualified specialist . However, they are also used in emergency rescue in some federal states . There they occupy an ambulance with an emergency paramedic or paramedic . The rescue worker used to be the typical training for community service providers in many federal states due to the short training or currently for FSJ people or federal volunteer service providers in the rescue service and ambulance transport.


Regular form

In most federal states and local associations, the training to become a rescue worker lasts 320 hours and includes theoretical training (160 hours) as well as an 80-hour internship in a hospital and an 80-hour internship in a rescue station . However, the number of hours in the two internships varies from state to state. In some cases, for example, the hospital internship is dispensed with and a 160-hour rescue station internship is completed. Unless there are special regulations, the training is granted without taking a final exam.

The theoretical training is mostly identical to the training content of the paramedic training. It includes, among other things, the basics of the anatomy and physiology of the human body, common clinical pictures and emergencies in ambulance transport and rescue services, as well as the handling and preparation of medical equipment.

Special forms

There are exceptions to this rule form in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, as well as Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate:

Rescue worker NRW

In North Rhine-Westphalia there is the possibility of completing the training to become a so-called "Rescue worker NRW" (RH-NRW). This is regulated by the "Training and Examination Ordinance for Paramedics and Rescue Workers" (RettAPO NRW) of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Basically, this training is comparable to the paramedic training at various aid organizations, but ends with a written exam and a practical exam at the health department and requires experience in the rescue service . The training to become a "Rescue worker NRW" comprises 80 hours of theoretical training and 80 hours of internship for a rescue station. The " emergency medical technician" course of the Malteser emergency service represents an equivalent qualification as a rescue worker (NRW) in terms of theoretical instruction. The rescue worker NRW may only be used as a "driver" in ambulance transport within the framework of the rescue service.

Rescue worker Hessen

In Hesse , too, there is a special statutory regulation for rescue worker training. The rescue worker training here comprises 240 hours, which are divided into 160 hours of theory (module 1) and 80 hours of clinical internship (module 2). The rescue worker is used as a driver in the ambulance transport ; The use in emergency rescue requires at least the qualification as a paramedic. Up to now, only half of module 2 has been completed compared to paramedic training. In order to complete the paramedic training, 80 hours of clinical internship and 160 hours of teaching paramedic internship must be completed.

Rescue worker Baden-Württemberg

In Baden-Württemberg, the training to become a rescue worker consists of a 160-hour theoretical course and an 80-hour internship at a rescue station. The specialist course is concluded with a 15-minute practical test, 10 minutes of which is to work on a case study (e.g. hypoglycemia) and 5 minutes as a feedback discussion. A special regulation applies to certified paramedics: they have the option of reducing the number of hours to 120 hours.

Rescue worker Rhineland-Palatinate

In Rhineland-Palatinate , in accordance with the guidelines for paramedic training, the rescue worker qualification ( RH Rh.-Pf. ) includes an 80-hour theoretical training course in conjunction with 80 hours of clinical internship and 100 hours of rescue station internship.

Advanced training

In some federal states, a rescue worker has to prove a certain number of hours of compulsory annual training or deployment hours, depending on the legal regulations, so that he can continue to be deployed in the rescue service or ambulance transport.

Training literature

Excerpt from the standard training literature:

  • Luxem / Kühn / Runggaldier (eds.): Rescue service RS / RH , Urban & Fischer Elsevier, Munich, 2006, ISBN 3-437-48040-5 .
  • Markus Böbel, Hans-Peter Hündorf, Roland Lipp, Johannes Veith (Eds.): LPN-San. Textbook for paramedics, company paramedics and rescue workers , Stumpf + Kossendey; 3rd edition (March 2012), ISBN 978-3-938179-97-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. Training and examination regulations for paramedics and rescue workers (RettAPO) of June 30, 2012 (Law and Ordinance Gazette (GV. NRW.) 2012 edition No. 17 of July 24, 2012 pages 277 to 294)
  2. ^ State rescue service plan Hessen (2005) point 3.5
  3. RettSan APruefV from 1992, changed in 2005
  4. Rescue workers. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on April 6, 2017 ; accessed on April 5, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. ^ J. Luxem, D. Kühn, K. Runggaldier (eds.): Rescue Service RD / RH. Munich 2013: Urban & Fischer, p. 464.

See also