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Ambulance transport , often also referred to as patient transport , describes a service provided by the statutory health insurance (GKV).

Ambulance transport is the medically necessary, motorized change of location of a person who is not acutely injured or ill in a motor vehicle, who needs special equipment in the vehicle or support from specialist staff during the transport. A distinction is to be made between the patient transport service or the ambulance service according to ambulance transport guidelines, which places lower demands on staff and equipment, as well as the handicapped transport service .

The term ambulance is defined in the standard sheet DIN 13050: 2002-09 Rescue Services - Terms 3.17.

Ambulance transport is a type of emergency service . It is by trained rescue personnel with an ambulance , possibly also with an emergency ambulance or even ambulances carried out.


Indications for ambulance transport include:

  • The patient is unable to walk or has limited walking ability and must be carried.
  • The patient has a poor general condition or suffers from general weakness
  • Patient is confused or disoriented and needs care
  • The patient needs acute psychological care
  • Patient has an infectious notifiable disease
  • The patient is at risk of pregnancy
  • The patient is about to give birth

By far the most common reason is the limitation or loss of the ability to walk and thus mobility . This is a problem especially in the elderly due to the progressive wear and tear on the joints ( osteoarthritis ). Other causes can be injuries to the extremities as a result of accidents or chronic illnesses.

The transfer to custodial accommodation is usually also carried out by an ambulance.


Ambulance transport is part of the rescue service and is covered by the service providers in this area or by contracted companies in accordance with the respective state rescue service law.


The costs for an ambulance vary from place to place. As a rule, uniform fees are set for this by the competent authority.

In the Ennepe-Ruhr district, the following fees are set in accordance with the corresponding statutes:

  • Ambulance (KTW) € 145
  • Ambulance (RTW) 520 €
  • Emergency doctor vehicle (NEF) € 560.

If the transport is medically indicated , these transport costs are covered by the social security , whereby the transporting organization usually settles directly with the social security. Depending on the region and insurance, a deductible may have to be paid.


Medical journeys are journeys that are carried out using public transport, private vehicles, rental cars or taxis. The insured person does not receive any specialist medical care and does not require any special equipment for the vehicle or support from specialist staff. That is why the ambulance is also referred to as an unqualified transport, in contrast to the ambulance.

The ambulance describes a service of the statutory health insurance (GKV) and is in §7 of the ambulance guidelines as of: February 18, 2016 of the Federal Joint Committee on the regulation of ambulances, ambulance services and rescue trips according to § 92 paragraph 1 sentence 2 number 12 SGB V ( Ambulance transport guideline) in the version of January 22, 2004 published in the Federal Gazette 2004 No. 18 (p. 1 342) last changed on February 18, 2016 published in the Federal Gazette BAnz AT May 04 , 2016 B2 came into force on May 5, 2016 .

See also

Portal: Rescue Service  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the subject of rescue service


  • Staufer: Qualified ambulance and ambulance transport. In: ARGE RettungsdienstRecht eV (Ed.): Interfaces in the emergency services , Stumpf + Kossendey, 2012, ISBN 978-3-943174-09-0 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Ambulance transport  - explanations of meanings, origins of words, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Fee statute for the ambulance and rescue service of the Ennepe-Ruhr district of June 27, 2016, PDF , accessed on September 6, 2016.