Equipment trolley

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GW replenishment

Trolley ( GW ) in Germany are special vehicles of aid agencies to bring that are designed extensive equipment for a task field operation sites. Today they differ from the rescue vehicle in that they are mainly used to transport the device, while the rescue vehicle also has permanently installed devices (power generator, cable winch) and these are equipped with all-wheel drive . Added as a further difference is the fact that rescue vehicle normally with a squad car (0/1/1/ 2 or 0/1/2/ 3 are provided), while equipment cart via cabins in Staffelsee or group size (0/1/5 / 6 or 0/1/8/9 ). The devices transported differ depending on the task of the vehicle. Often these are devices for special tasks, such as combating oil damage, which are not carried on other vehicles, or to a much lesser extent.

For economic reasons, especially in recent times, some fire brigades have been buying a swap-loader vehicle and corresponding roll-off containers instead of equipment vehicles . Despite the linguistic similarity, equipment wagons should not be confused with equipment vehicles (GKW), which are subject to different standards and objectives.


Equipment trolleys were created a few years ago when the tasks of the aid organizations became more and more extensive and the necessary equipment on this scale was no longer available on other vehicles.

Exemplary list of equipment trolleys used

The following section lists all common types of equipment trolleys that are used by fire brigades, control units or other aid organizations:


In the case of equipment trolleys, the equipment trolley for hazardous goods and the equipment trolley for logistics (the latter in two sizes) are currently DIN-standardized; the GW-Z is manufactured in Lower Saxony according to technical instructions and can therefore be regarded as standardized for the state. Comparable state law standards exist, for example, for the portable pump equipment trolley and respiratory protection equipment trolley in Rhineland-Palatinate , and the respiratory protection / radiation protection equipment trolley in Bavaria .

History of standards

Only a small part of the equipment trolleys was and is standardized. The norms for most types have been withdrawn. Due to its special loading, the Logistics 1 equipment trolley replaces the Hazardous Goods 1 equipment trolley, the Logistics 2 equipment trolley replaces the Hazardous Goods 2 equipment trolley and the 2000 hose trolley with troop crew (SW 2000-Tr). Many countries have their own regulations for equipment trolleys. However, the standard gives examples of other types of equipment trolleys.

Standard vehicles (DIN standardized)
vehicle Standard (DIN) Output of withdrawn
Equipment trolley 14555 sheet 10 1974 May 30, 1990
Equipment and rescue vehicles 14555 sheet 1 October 2003 .
Rescue vehicle 14555 sheet 3 May 2007 .
Rescue vehicle (draft standard) 14555 sheet 3 March 2016 .
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 14555 sheet 12 April 2005 April 2015
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 14555 sheet 12 April 2015 .
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 1 14555 sheet 13 April 1992 October 1997
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 1 14555 sheet 14 October 1997 April 2005
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 2 14555 sheet 12 October 1990 October 1997
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 2 14555 sheet 13 October 1997 April 2005
Equipment trolley for dangerous goods 3 14555 sheet 12 October 1997 April 2005
Equipment trolley logistics 1 14555 sheet 21 May 2013 .
Equipment trolley logistics 2 14555 sheet 22 May 2013 .
Equipment trolley oil 14555 sheet 11 August 1978 May 30, 1990

Vehicles according to country regulations
country vehicle Output of withdrawn
Baden-Württemberg Emergency vehicle acid 1970s withdrawn
Baden-Württemberg Equipment trolley transport 2006 .
Bavaria Equipment cart respiratory protection / radiation protection ? .
Bavaria Equipment trolley for dangerous goods (Bavaria) 1988 2005
Bavaria Supply truck ? .
Lower Saxony Equipment trolley with special equipment for use in cases of damage involving dangerous substances ? .
Lower Saxony Equipment trolley with additional load 2002 .
North Rhine-Westphalia Equipment trolley for dangerous goods (3.5 t, NRW) 1989 .
Rhineland-Palatinate Equipment cart respiratory protection ? .
Rhineland-Palatinate Equipment trolley for dangerous goods (RP) ? .
Rhineland-Palatinate Equipment trolley portable pump ? .
Saxony Equipment trolley for dangerous goods (3.5 t, Saxony) 1993 withdrawn

Equipment trolley for dangerous goods

The equipment trolley for dangerous goods ( GW-G ) is used, among other things, to provide equipment for measuring / verifying, collecting, transferring and sealing dangerous goods and substances as well as carrying special personal equipment for a group for the NBC service . The equipment trolley for dangerous goods is mostly implemented in the form of box-type trucks. It is standardized according to DIN 14555-12. According to this current version of the standard from 2015, its maximum permissible total weight is 16 tons.


The equipment trolley for hazardous goods was standardized instead of the equipment trolley for oil , since the proportion of hazardous goods accidents involving substances other than mineral oil was constantly increasing. Most recently, three sizes were standardized: In the period from 1997 to 2005, the types of equipment trolley were dangerous goods 1 (GW-G1 according to DIN 14555-14), equipment trolley dangerous goods 2 (GW-G2 according to DIN 14555-13) and equipment trolley dangerous goods 3 (GW- G3 according to DIN 14555-12) standardized. Since 2005, only one (large) type of vehicle called “Hazardous Goods Equipment Car” has been standardized; The tasks of a GW-G1 can be taken over, for example, by a logistics equipment trolley using the dangerous goods equipment set (according to the draft standard DIN 14800-19). Vehicles that do not comply with the DIN standard are also referred to as equipment trolley environment or equipment trolley environmental protection (GW-U). The GW-G usually moves out in the hazardous goods train .

In Switzerland, such vehicles are sometimes referred to as chemical defense vehicles.

Equipment trolley dangerous goods according to national regulations

Several countries had already issued their own guidelines for construction before standardization.


The rescue vehicle acid had been around in Baden-Württemberg since the 1970s, although it was not widely used. He carried protective clothing and fall arrest equipment. The rule was withdrawn.


In 1988 a building guideline was issued in Bavaria, which provides for a permissible total weight of 12 t. With the introduction of the new GW-G according to DIN 14555-12 in 2005, the building guidelines were withdrawn.

Lower Saxony

The Technical Directive no. 12 of Lower Saxony describes a trolley with special fittings for use in cases of failure of hazardous substances with a gross vehicle weight of 7.5 t and a crew of 0/1/2/ 3 . This is used in the specialist train for dangerous goods . However, GW-G according to DIN are also widespread in Lower Saxony.

GW-G Lower Saxony

North Rhine-Westphalia

In North Rhine-Westphalia there is since 1989 a GW-G with a gross vehicle weight of 3.5 t and a crew of 0/1/1/ 2 .


Among the hazardous features of Rheinland-Pfalz a GW-G belongs to Technical Directive 1 ( GW-G1 (RP) ) with a gross vehicle weight of 7.5 t and a crew of 0/1/2/ 3 .


In Saxony there was an administrative regulation for a 3.5 tonne GW-G (GW-G3.5) in effect from 1993 until a few years ago.

Equipment trolley logistics

Equipment trolley logistics 1

The logistics equipment trolley (GW-L1 or GW-L2) is a vehicle for transporting material that is required to cope with different situations. It has been standardized in two sizes since April 2005. In the meantime, the lengths have been adjusted in order to adapt to the exhaust gas regulations and because of a better axle load distribution in the standard. The tasks of the GW-L are the supply of equipment and materials, the disposal of dangerous goods with the module "Hazardous goods" and the supply of fire water with the module "Water supply" (only for GW-L2, replacement of the hose trolley 2000 with crew ).

The equipment trolley Logistik 1 has a commercially available chassis of the vehicle weight class "light" with road drive and, if possible, a differential lock and a loading area with a tarpaulin or a box body. According to the standard, its maximum permitted total mass should be 7.5 tons. The payload of the vehicle must be at least 2,000 kg. There must be a tail lift at the rear of the vehicle with a minimum payload of 750 kilograms. In addition, at least four roll containers or lattice boxes must be able to be transported on the loading area. The crew consists of either a squad or a squadron.

The state of Baden-Württemberg has defined a flexible device vehicle transport ( GW-T ) by administrative regulation.

The supply truck ( V-LKW ) is an equipment trolley standardized in Bavaria by building guidelines, which is similar in its tasks to the equipment trolley logistics, but has a relay crew and is slightly different from the GW-L1 in terms of loading. Its maximum permissible total weight is 14 tons. With the portable pump vehicle logistics , a bridge was also built between Norm- TSF and GW-L1 or V-LKW.

Equipment trolley logistics 2
Equipment trolley logistics of the Bretten fire brigade

The equipment trolley Logistik 2 has a standard truck chassis, vehicle weight class “medium” with all-wheel drive and single tires; the standard recommends a fully automatic transmission. The structure consists of a loading area with a tarpaulin and a tail lift with a minimum payload of 1,500 kilograms. An equipment case must be present between the cabin and the platform to accommodate the load described in the standard. At least six roll containers or box pallets must be able to be transported on the loading area. The GW-L2 is standardized according to DIN 14555-22. There are various trolleys or lattice boxes, for example, portable pump trolleys , oil damage, light mast, hose and various others. The surface load of the loading area is at least 800 kg / m². The crew consists of a squadron. Similar vehicles exist at the THW under the name multi-purpose vehicles (MzKW) . In Bavaria, the procurement of a GW-L2 is funded exclusively in connection with the additional loading module water supply (including: 2000 m B-hose and portable pump PFPN 10-1000); the permissible total mass in Bavaria was brought into line with the other federal states (16 tons) in August 2015.

The DIN-standardized vehicles must not be longer than 8.3 m, not wider than 2.55 m and not higher than 3.3 m.

Furthermore, apart from the norms, there are numerous self-made buildings by fire brigades and aid organizations, which are called equipment trolleys for transport (e.g. GW-Trsp ) or equipment trolleys for replenishment ( GW-N ).

Equipment trolley additional loading

The additional loading equipment vehicle is a vehicle standardized by the state in Lower Saxony , which is essentially equipped like the former rescue vehicle 1 (RW 1) and is used for technical assistance. In contrast to the RW 1, however, it does not have to have all-wheel drive and a cable winch.

Other, not and no longer standardized equipment trolleys

Equipment trolley for respiratory protection, radiation protection and breathing and radiation protection

GW-A of the
Suhl fire brigade

These equipment trolleys are used to secure supplies and to provide special equipment to protect the respiratory tract and body of the emergency services . They are available both as separate vehicles ( respiratory protection equipment trolley , GW-A or radiation protection equipment trolley , GW-S ) and as a more widely used combination (GW-A / S). Less widespread is the "Respiratory protection chemical protection radiation protection (GW-ACS)" type of equipment cart, which is only used in Lower Saxony. In Hesse there are a total of 30 equipment vehicles for radiation detection troops .

The vehicle is used in particular when the need for breathing apparatus is very high or special clothing and equipment are required. It is not uncommon for the vehicle to be part of the extended fire engine . The support of other fire brigade units in the case of radiation protection operations is also one of the reasons for alerting. Therefore, although it is no longer standardized, it is an integral part of the release order of many hazardous goods trains .

The equipment trolley is usually a box-top truck or a small truck. However, it is also increasingly found in the form of a swap-loader vehicle with a corresponding roll-off container. Occasionally, a breathing air compressor and device for testing masks and bottles is installed in order to be able to maintain the devices on site.

Since there is no national standard, the loading differs considerably. As a rule, a larger number of spare bottles for compressed air breathing apparatus , circulators , respiratory masks and filters , as well as protective suits ( e.g. chemical protective suit and contamination protection suit ) are carried. The vehicle is often provided with an awning as weather protection; Training suits are often carried along for changing clothes after a mission. Measuring devices such as explosion warning devices , dose rate measuring devices and sensing devices such as Geiger-Müller counters etc. Often belong to the equipment.

Height rescue equipment trolley

The trolley height rescue ( GW-H or GW SRHT ) is an emergency vehicle, the most in professional fire or fire brigades was procured for transporting devices for rescue from ups and downs. You can hardly find it in smaller fire brigades, because on the one hand only a small number of operations fall into this area and on the other hand the training of the staff is too complex. The vehicle is usually equipped with a squadron or group cabin and often moves out together with a fire fighting group vehicle and a turntable ladder . In addition to rescue and recovery from heights and depths, devices for securing roofs etc. are carried along.

Equipment trolley light

GW light of the Maltese relief service

The device trolley light ( GW-Licht ), also known as floodlight mast vehicle ( FLMF ) or light mast vehicle ( LiMaKW ) by the police , is a vehicle that can be found at various authorities and organizations. It is equipped with a mobile or stationary light mast for night use. Alternatively, light balloons can also be used. The necessary generator can usually also serve other purposes. While smaller light masts (mostly with 2 to 4 halogen spotlights ) belong to the standard equipment of the standardized rescue vehicles and larger command vehicles , pure light equipment vehicles are rather rare. However, these usually have a powerful generator set (over 20 kVA), 6 headlights (mostly over 1,000 W) and extensive equipment to protect the scene, such as warning lights . In many cases, however, a light pole trailer is used instead of the equipment trolley . Functional predecessors of the light equipment trolleys were the "lighting trolleys " used primarily for military purposes .

An example of a pure light equipment trolley is the district's own vehicle at the Grub am Forst volunteer fire brigade in the Coburg district. It is equipped with a 9 meter high light giraffe equipped with six 1,500 watt spotlights. In addition, a power generator with 25 kVA and portable floodlights with three 1,500 watts each are carried on powerful tripods.

Equipment trolley oil

GW oil

The oil equipment trolley was a common fire service vehicle in the 1970s to the early 1990s for combating petroleum accidents. The standard was withdrawn in favor of the dangerous goods equipment trolley, as the other dangerous goods made up an ever increasing proportion and the equipment trolley was not adequately equipped for this. But he can still be found at many fire departments. Due to the lack of a standard, the equipment varies considerably. In some cases, flatbed trucks with oil weir equipment are also referred to as GW oil. Even before standardization, professional fire brigades developed special vehicles under the designation oil alarm vehicles, oil suction vehicles, rescue vehicle oil. The rescue vehicle oil, however, was also a standardized vehicle which, unlike the GW oil, was equipped with a built-in pump and a tank for mineral oil.

The oil equipment vehicle usually operates independently of larger fire brigade units and is usually supported by a fire fighting vehicle to ensure fire protection. However, it can also be integrated into a hazardous goods train if necessary .

The crew consisted of a troop (0/1/2/ 3 ). The permissible total mass was set at 6,000 kg. Mainly small vans, delivery vans, small trucks and minibuses were used. As a bodybuilder, the company recorded mainly here Albert Ziegler , Giengen who made already in 1963 under the term damage caused by oil pendant (PSBs) Special equipment for oil spill response. For example, a complete hydraulic rescue kit was also loaded on the vehicle shown from the city of Kraichtal . Since these vehicles were mainly used in road traffic, they often have a traffic warning system at the rear of the vehicle , especially recently .

Apart from a fire extinguisher, the oil equipment trolley does not have any fire-fighting equipment for fire fighting. However, he has a variety of items for traffic safety (for example, traffic cone) for containing mineral oils (eg oil binder , over barrels, tubs, trays, buckets, cleaning equipment, Kanalabsperrblasen ) and for transferring (hazardous pumps). Hand tools carried are usually made of a special bronze alloy that does not crack any sparks. The vehicle also has various light protective suits.

Equipment trolley diving

The diving equipment vehicle ( GW-diving or GW-T ), also called diving emergency vehicle ( TEF ), is an emergency vehicle operated by fire brigades and aid organizations such as the German Life Rescue Society (DLRG) or the water rescue service . The task of the vehicle is to bring rescue divers with their equipment quickly to the scene and to support the divers in action. The vehicle is mainly loaded with diving equipment. Basic medical care equipment can also often be found.

The diving equipment cart is often designed to be able to carry out a diving mission as independently as possible. That is why it is often equipped with power generators and compressors to refill compressed air cylinders. Furthermore, some vehicles offer divers the option of showering after the dive, which is an advantage after a dive in contaminated waters. The diving equipment vehicle is often the primary vehicle in a rescue team and is mostly used in disaster control.

Water rescue equipment trolley

Water rescue equipment trolley for a fire brigade

The water rescue device trolley ( GW-W ) is a vehicle that is mainly used by larger fire brigades on bodies of water and also by aid organizations such as the German Life Rescue Society (DLRG) or the water rescue service . There will also be special vehicle Water rescue or water rescue vehicle (short: WRW ) called and is among the aid organizations in fast-groups used the motor lifeboats to draw. The trolley has either the crew of a troop (0/1/2/ 3 ) or a boat troops or use immersed patrols (0/1/4/ 5 ). Sometimes there are also other forms of instrumentation. As the vehicle is not standardized, the equipment can vary. Most of the time, radios, life jackets , water life-saving equipment such as swimming ropes, first aid equipment, rubber dinghies , ice sledges and other equipment such as spine boards , belt rescuers , portable winches , diving equipment or survival suits are transported with the vehicle . At fire brigades, you will also find appropriate roll-off containers instead of the vehicle. In the case of professional fire brigades, in particular, there are also vehicles that are not only used to transport equipment, but in which the divers can change clothes and equip themselves while driving. Occasionally the vehicle is also suitable for transporting a pressure chamber .

In addition to rescue and recovery from the water, the vehicle is also used for rescue and recovery from or from icy waters (ice rescue). In the case of fire brigades, it usually moves out with a fire fighting vehicle or an rescue vehicle.

See also


  • Lothar Schott, Manfred Ritter: Fire Brigade Basic Course FwDV 2 . 20th edition. Wenzel-Verlag, Marburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-88293-220-1 .
  • Josef Schütz: Die Rote Hefte, Booklet 8b - Fire fighting vehicles Part II . 11th edition. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 978-3-17-014285-5 .
  • Thomas Zawadke: New standards for GW-L: Fire brigade logistics vehicles for daily use and for disaster situations , in: Brandschutz / Deutsche Feuerwehr-Zeitung, 2/2004, pp. 132-136.

Web links

Commons : Equipment cart  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Technical Guideline No. 8 of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate for a respiratory protection equipment cart (GW-A)
  2. Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior (2003): Technical description for a respiratory / radiation protection equipment vehicle (GW A / S)
  3. Hessian Ministry of the Interior and for Sport (2003): State grant for the promotion of fire protection; Construction guideline for an equipment cart respiratory protection / radiation protection GW-A / S
  4. a b BBK (2013): Supplement to the disaster control of the federal states for civil protection purposes; Designations (AZ .: III.6-569-00).
  5. ↑ Brief message from the BBK on the delivery of 55 equipment trolleys for decontamination personnel (last accessed: July 16, 2015)
  6. a b c Federal Office for Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance: Civil Defense Vehicles and Equipment
  7. Frankfurt am Main fire brigade: GW rescue dog squadron , accessed on December 3, 2016.
  8. a b Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg (2011): Funding of equipment vehicle transport (GW-T) for logistics tasks of the fire brigades ( Memento of February 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Decree of the Ministry of the Interior of February 9, 2006
  9. Standard overview page for a GW-G on
  10. Status of the draft standard for a set of dangerous goods equipment on
  11. ^ Canton of Basel-Stadt: chemical defense vehicle .
  12. ^ Zawadke, Brandschutz / Deutsche Feuerwehr-Zeitung, 2/2004, pp. 132f.
  13. a b Technical building guidelines of the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior for a V-truck .
  14. Standard overview page for a GW-L2 on
  15. ^ State Fire Brigade School Regensburg (2015): Minimum equipment vehicle logistics 2 GW-L2 - Issue 05/2013 - and: State Fire Brigade School Regensburg (2015): Minimum equipment additional load module water supply - Issue 05/2013
  16. Funding guidelines for the Bavarian fire brigade, point 4.5.1
  17. Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior: Deviation from standard specifications for fire fighting vehicles (supplement August 2015)