Lucius Postumius Albinus (Consul 234 BC)
Lucius Postumius Albinus († autumn 216 BC ) came from the Roman patrician noble family of the Postumier and was 234 and 229 BC. Chr. Consul . As consul-designate for 215 BC He was killed in an ambush by the Boier .
According to the filiation of the Fasti Capitolini , both the father and the grandfather of Lucius Postumius Albinus carried the prenomen aulus . Thus, Lucius Postumius Albinus was probably the son of the consul from 242 BC. Chr.
The first time Postumius was born in 234 BC. Together with Spurius Carvilius Maximus Ruga elected consul and at the same time his probable father Aulus Postumius Albinus and election supervisor Gaius Atilius Bulbus as censors . Postumius fought successfully against the Ligurians , but could not completely subjugate this people and, in contrast to his consular colleague, did not receive a triumph .
At a point in time that cannot be precisely dated due to the inadequate tradition - possibly 233 or 228 BC. - Postumius was praetor for the first time .
The second time Postumius reached 229 BC. The consulate, where he had Gnaeus Fulvius Centumalus as an official colleague. Because Teuta , the tribal queen of the Illyrian Ardiaians , had made pirate campaigns against the Greek coastline and plundered Italian merchants, she became 229 BC. Fought by both consuls in the first Illyrian war . From Brundisium Postumius sailed with the land army consisting of 20,000 infantrymen and 2,000 cavalrymen to Apollonia , where his colleague Fulvius came with 200 warships after the occupation of the island of Korkyra . With combined forces, the consuls liberated Epidamnos and continued to successfully wage war against Teuta. The Roman fleet sailed along the Illyrian coast and conquered several cities, but suffered great losses off Nutria, with several tribunes and a quaestor being killed. While Fulvius sailed back to Italy with most of the armed forces, Postumius stayed with 40 ships for the winter of 229/228 BC. Over in Illyria. Teuta, who had fled into the strongly fortified rhizon with a few faithful, had to be forced into the spring of 228 BC. Accept the harsh Roman peace conditions. Through envoys, Postumius informed the Aetolian and Achaean League about the reasons and course of the war and about the peace treaty with the Illyrian queen. In spite of his military achievements, Postumius again received no triumph.
Nothing is known about Postumius for the next 12 years. After the heavy defeat of the consul Gaius Flaminius against Hannibal in the battle on Lake Trasimeno , Postumius was in absentia, that is probably already in the field, for 216 BC. Elected praetor for the second time. His job was to fight the Gauls . After Hannibal the Romans in 216 BC. Chr. In the battle of Cannae had defeated again, Postumius was again in absentia consul for 215 BC. So that it would have been designated for the third time for the highest office of the state. In modern research, however, this information is sometimes held to be an annalistic falsification. In any case, Postumius was supposed to be in the year 215 BC. Chr. No longer experience. He marched with about 25,000 men from Ariminum in the direction of the Po against the Boier tribe, but was defeated by them in the autumn of 216 BC. BC in the forest wilderness Litana lured into a trap and fell with many of his soldiers. The cranium of his severed head, set in gold, served the Boiers as a drinking bowl at festivals in their main temple.
- Friedrich Münzer : Postumius 40). In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume XXII, 1, Stuttgart 1953, Col. 912-914.
- Fasti Capitolini for the years 234, 229 and 215 BC Chr .: Lucius Postumius A. f. A. n. Albinus .
- Fasti Capitolini ; Zonaras 8, 18; among others
- Livy 22, 35, 6f.
- Fasti Capitolini ; Polybios 2, 11, 1 (with false prenom Aulus ); Cassius Dio , fragment 49, 7; Orosius 4, 13, 2; among others
- Main source Polybios 2, 11f .; see. also Cassius Dio, fragment 49, 5ff .; Appian , Illyrica 7; Florus 1, 21, 4; Orosius 4, 13, 2; among others
- Fasti Capitolini ; Polybios 3, 106, 6 and 3, 118, 6; Livy 22, 35, 6f .; Orosius 4, 16, 11.
- Fasti Capitolini ; Livius 23, 24, 3 and ö .; Zonaras 9, 3.
- Tassilo Schmitt : Postumius [I 5]. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 9, Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-476-01479-7 , Sp. 223.
- Fasti Capitolini ; Polybios 3, 118, 6; Livy 23:24, 6-13; Cicero , Tusculanae disputationes 1,89 ; Frontinus , Strategemata 1, 6, 4; among others
- Gnaeus Gellius , Fragment 26 ed. H. Peter; Livy 23:24, 11f .; Zonaras 9, 3.
|SURNAME||Postumius Albinus, Lucius|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Roman consul 234 and 229 BC BC, consul-designate 215 BC Chr.|
|DATE OF BIRTH||3rd century BC Chr.|
|DATE OF DEATH||216 BC Chr.|