|Area :||90.94 km²|
|Residents :||30,854 (2011)|
|Population density :||339 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||(+385) 048|
|Postal code :||48,000|
|License plate :||KC|
|Structure and administration
(status: 2013, cf. )
|Community type :||city|
|Mayor :||Vesna Želježnjak ( SDP )|
|Coalition partner :||HNS, HSU, HSLS|
City center - view from the south
Koprivnica [ ˈkɔpriʋnitsa ] (German Kopreinitz , Hungarian Kapronca ) is a Croatian town with 30,854 inhabitants (2011), near the Croatian- Hungarian border on the river of the same name . Koprivnica is the capital of the historic Drau region Podravina and at the same time the headquarters of the Koprivnica-Križevci County (Koprivničko-križevačka županija) .
In the 13th century the name of the Koprivnica river was mentioned in writings (from the years 1207, 1209, 1217) of the Croatian-Hungarian king Andrija II Arpadović. The city was first mentioned in 1272 in the deed of donation from Prince Ladislaus IV . In 1356 Koprivnica was proclaimed an independent town, after which the town developed in the field of trade and also as a military base. The Stern, a type of castle, was known as one of the most modern anti- Ottoman fortresses of the Renaissance until the 1660s . After the peace in Žitva in 1606, conditions were created for a quieter economic development of Koprivnica. At the same time, the roads became safer and the cities became more attractive to merchants. The first merchants in the 17th century came from Germany and Venice . The city had well organized and regulated fairs where municipal and other craftsmen offered their wares. The fairs contributed to the strengthening of trade in Koprivnica. Later, Orthodox merchants of Greek origin and Jews were particularly important as merchants. In 1821 the Koprivnica merchants were members of a guild.
In the 18th century the general base was transferred from Koprivnica to Bjelovar on the instructions of the Habsburg Archduchess Maria Theresa , so Koprivnica was spun off from the Slavonian province. The city's great economic progress began in 1870 when the Budapest – Zakany – Koprivnica – Zagreb railway started operating. At the beginning of the 20th century the meat factory "Danica" and in the second half of the food company Podravka contributed a lot to economic progress. During the Second World War she was in the immediate vicinity of the Danica concentration camp operated by the right-wing extremist Ustaša .
Culture and sights
- Koprivnica City Museum
- Library and reading room "Fran Galović"
- Public adult education center
- KUD Koprivnica (Art and Culture Association)
- KUD Podravka (Art and Culture Association)
- Historical society Koprivnica
Monuments and landmarks
- Church and Parish of St. Nicholas (17th century)
- The church and the Franciscan monastery of St. Anthony from Padua (17th century)
- Church of St. Mary (Močile) (17th century)
- Kamengrad Fortress (Old Town) (14th - 15th centuries)
- Arsenal, remains of the fortress - two revelines and a bastion (Renaissance, 16th century)
- Renaissance Square (16th century - Dr. Leander Brozović Square)
- Baroque Square (17th century; Zrinski Square and Banus Josip Jelačić Square)
- Synagogue (19th century)
- Jewish residential district (19th century)
- Orthodox Church (18th century)
- Pavilion in the park and park on the site of the fortress (19th century)
- Podravka recreation center with a lookout tower (Starigrad district)
- Old Town Hall (17th / 18th century - today the building of the Koprivnica City Museum)
- Villa Malančec (now part of the Koprivnica City Museum)
- Villa Lendvaj (now the seat of the Glas Podravine newspaper)
- Old slaughterhouse (19th century) - (now Podravka Food Museum)
- Commercial and industrial building (17th / 18th century; today Podravka beer pub on Zrinski Square)
- Administration building and complex of the Podravka company (20th century)
- Holocaust memorial "Danica" (site of the former Danica concentration camp and the "Danica" chemical plant)
- Alte Bank-Sparkasse (early 20th century) - (today Galerie Koprivnica)
- Library and reading room "Fran Galović" (19th century)
- Old hospital and chapel of St. Florian (19th century)
- Old grammar school (early 20th century) (today “Antun Nemčić Gostovinski” elementary school)
- Chapel of St. Vitus on the outskirts of Koprivnica
The first soccer club in Koprivnica was founded by students in 1907 and was called the Koprivnica Student Soccer Club. The club was renamed Slaven on August 20, 1912 by the Friedrich family. In 1926 the association stopped its activity due to financial difficulties. Only in 1945 is Slaven mentioned again as a sports club. From 1953 to 1958 Slaven was called the sports club "Podravka", after which it was renamed back to the soccer club "Slaven". In 1992, the Bilokalnik company became the club's sponsor. Therefore the name is changed to the Slaven Bilokalnik football club. Two years later, Slaven got its new sponsor, which is still active today, and therefore bears the name Slaven Belupo . Since 1997 the team belongs to the 1st Croatian Football League .
Other important sports clubs
- Galovićeva Jesen : is a traditional event that keeps exploring new types of literary expression (blogs, advertising, film, etc.). The program includes many workshops, book promotions, concerts and much more.
- Podravski Motivi : One of the most important cultural and tourist events in Koprivnica. There is a trade fair with naive art, you can still see the traditional folklore, souvenirs, handmade products, etc.
- Renaissance Festival : is a relatively young tourist, historical and educational event. Its peculiarity is that it is performed on the walls of the Renaissance castle. So far it is the largest event with real and vivid representations from the past in this part of Europe.
Economy and Infrastructure
The city is especially as the headquarters of the internationally primarily for edible spice Vegeta famous Croatian food company Podravka announced. In addition, the pharmaceutical company Belupo , a 100 percent Podravka subsidiary, and several other medium-sized companies are located in this business location.
- Podravka : The Wolf brothers founded a fruit processing workshop in 1934 and this workshop was the forerunner of today's food company “Podravka”. Today the group is one of the largest corporations in south-eastern, central and eastern Europe. The most famous product of Podravka is the Vegeta spice .
- Belupo : In 1970 Podravka started preparing a new business in the field of pharmaceutical products. A year later, a pharmaceutical manufacturing factory was built and it grew very quickly. Today Belupo is the second largest pharmaceutical manufacturer in Croatia with 1250 employees.
- Danica : In 1973 the meat processing complex was built in the Koprivnica industrial zone. Danica is one of the most important parts of Podravka.
Other important companies
- Carlsberg Croatia
Koprivnica is the Croatian border station for traffic to Hungary and is on the Zagreb – Gyékényes – Nagykanizsa – Székesfehérvár – Budapest railway line .
Koprivnica has several kindergartens and elementary schools, a middle school, a high school and an adult education center. The Koprivnica Study Center of the Faculty of Economics at the University of Zagreb is also located here .
- Ivan Generalić (1914–1992), Yugoslav painter, died in Koprivnica
- Žarko Dolinar (1920–2003), Yugoslav table tennis player
- Zlata Bartl (1920–2008), Yugoslav chemist
- Josip Juratović (* 1959), German politician (SPD), member of the German Bundestag
- Kristijan Bistrović (* 1998), Croatian football player