Origin of name
Other spelling are Voivode / Vojvode , Voivoda / Vojvoda , province governor , Воевода / Wojewoda and Войвода / Voivoda , derived from the Slavic Войвода / Voivoda .
The term voivodeship is derived from voivode. The Banat region , which is now part of Serbia , Hungary and Romania , was formerly called the Serbian Voivodeship in German . The name Vojvodina , a region of Serbia, is also derived.
The term "voivode" generally referred to a military leader and was used in particular for a Slavic nobility rank below a prince ( Knjaz ) or for a military governor, comparable to the title of a Germanic duke . On the military border with the Ottoman Empire , the voivode was in command of a 50-man division of conscripts who were recruited from the border population. Such a unit was called a "voivodeship".
The title Voivode was used in Pomerania , Rügen , Poland , Bosnia , Serbia , Croatia , Bulgaria , Macedonia , Russia , Belarus , Ukraine , as well as the principalities of Moldova and Wallachia, and in Hungary (spelling Vajda ) and Austria . In the Danube principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia , the official designation of the princes there was Voievod, Gospodar and later Domnitor . In Bulgaria and Macedonia the leaders of the Chetniks were also known as Vojwoda. In Austria-Hungary the Emperor of Austria carried the title of Grand Voivode of the Voivodeship of Serbia .
In the Russian Empire was Wojewoda (воевода) until the reforms of Peter the Great , a military title. Each city had one or more voivodas who directed its military garrison. There were also voivodas in the field (полевые воеводы), who led various parts of the army.
Today's usage in the Republic of Poland
The voivode is the representative of the Council of Ministers in the voivodship, the superior of the integrated government administration and exercises the function of the supervisory body over the units of the territorial self-government. He is appointed by the Polish Prime Minister.
- Voivode . In: Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon . 5th edition. Volume 2, F. A. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1911, p. 995 .
- Jerzy Jan Lerski: Historical dictionary of Poland, 966-1945 . Greenwood Press, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-03456-5 , p. 664.