Johann II (Habsburg-Laufenburg)

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Johann II. (Habsburg-Laufenburg) , also Hans II. († December 17, 1380 ) was a count of Habsburg-Laufenburg and Neu-Rapperswil .


Johann (Hans) II. Was a son of Johann I and his wife Agnes von Werd . He was married to Verena (Varenne) von Neufchatel-Blamont .

He couldn't get over the death of his father, so he tried to destroy the mayor Rudolf Brun and his supporters. But it failed thoroughly, presumably because of spying , and he was captured. He was held prisoner in the Wellenberg tower near Zurich for two years . His brothers Rudolf IV and Gottfried II could not help him, they lacked all means. The people of Zurich destroyed the castles Alt-Rapperswil and Neu-Rapperswil and devastated the March . Since Rapperswil was an Austrian fiefdom, war broke out between Zurich and King Albrecht . Zurich, which had joined the Confederation , was besieged, but in 1352 a peace agreement was signed, under which Count Hans II was released. According to tradition (first attested by Etterlin), he is said to have devised the song of the blue flower during his imprisonment, which is why he is also considered a minstrel .

I know a Blümli blawe
of sky-clear shine;
It takes place in green Awe,
It means: forget not min .
I couldn't find it anywhere,
Was gone to me at all,
Before riffs and cold winds,
it's never there.

Aegidius Tschudi's story about the count and his song inspired the young Goethe to write his song about the captured count .


After all these feuds the three brothers were financially at an end, so that on December 31, 1353 they decided to divide the estate, Rudolf IV received the town and fortifications of Laufenburg, the castle of Herznach and a share in the county of Sisgau . Gottfried II became lord of Alt-Rapperswil in the March and Wägital and kept the bailiwick of the Rheinau monastery . He shared the county in Klettgau with Rudolf IV. Hans II. Kept Rapperswil Castle . However, since he had no means to restore the destroyed property, he sold it to Austria in 1354. His attempt to gain the lucrative grand mayor through the Säckingen monastery was in vain , the von Schönau family did not give up their claims. Rudolf IV also tried to connect to the ancestral home in Austria, and in 1356 he and the city of Laufenburg protected him.

As condottiere in foreign service

Together with his brother Rudolf IV , he was mentioned as a condottiere in Italy around 1353/54 and then again from 1364 , where he was called Il Conte Menno (Count without a beard), his return to his homeland is reported in April 1372. Although he had been in good wages in the city of Florence and as a mercenary leader in the battle of the Florentines against Pisa and had helped them to victory, he returned to Laufenburg with nothing richer. In 1375 the restless moved again to Italy with a troop of Reisiger for two years . He died in 1380.


Johann II married Verena (Varenne) von Neuenburg (Neufchâtel-Blamont) († 1372), daughter of Thiébaud IV. , Seigneur de Neuchâtel-Urtière and Blamont , Viscount de Baume-les-Dames , widow of Rudolph III. from Neuchâtel- Nidau . They had the following children:

  • Johann (Jean) III. Herr zu Rotenberg († January 11, 1392)
  • Verena
∞ (I.) February 9, 1354 Filippo (Phillip) Gonzaga († April 5, 1356), son of Luigi I , lord of the city of Mantua
∞ (II.) Burchard IX. von Hohenberg (Nagold line) , son of Otto II. Count zu Nagold

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. .
  2. ^ Fridolin Jehle, History of the City of Laufenburg Volume 1, The Common City, 1979
predecessor Office successor
Johann I. Landgrave in Klettgau
1337 - 1353
(with Rudolf IV. )
Rudolf IV.