Weitenhagen (near Greifswald)
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania|
|Height :||12 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||38.3 km 2|
|Residents:||2018 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||53 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||17498|
|Area code :||03834|
|License plate :||VG, ANK, GW, PW, SBG, UEM, WLG|
|Community key :||13 0 75 142|
|Community structure:||6 districts|
|Office administration address:||Theodor Körner Strasse 36
|Location of the municipality of Weitenhagen in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district|
Weitenhagen is a municipality in the north of the Vorpommern-Greifswald district . It is administered by the Landhagen office based in Neuenkirchen . The community is located south of the city of Greifswald. Due to the proximity to the city of Greifswald and the scenic location, the number of inhabitants has more than doubled since 1990.
Geography and traffic
Weitenhagen is about six kilometers south of Greifswald . The federal highway 109 runs through the municipality as a bypass of Greifswald. Landesstraße 35 leads in the direction of Jarmen / Neubrandenburg. The Angermünde – Stralsund railway line can be reached via the Greifswald Süd and Groß Kiesow stops, and the federal motorway 20 can be reached in around twelve kilometers via the Gützkow junction.
Diedrichshagen was an independent municipality until May 26, 2019.
Until May 26, 2019, Guest was part of the independent municipality of Diedrichshagen.
A large Slavic rampart as well as a not exactly dated Slavic settlement are not far from Grubenhagen, which document an early settlement of the area.
Grubenhagen was first mentioned in a document with its current name in 1278. The early German interpretation is unclear, it can be interpreted as a personal name “clearing of the pit” or as “pit = hole”.
Grubenhagen was settled by the Eldena monastery . In the document from 1278 the citizen Johann Raven received the fief of 12 hooves in the place from the monastery. In 1287, Duke Bogislaw IV confirmed ownership of the monastery. In 1326, Duke Wartislaw IV. Allowed the monastery to expand the Grubenhagen farm into a village as compensation. In 1626 the village came to the University of Greifswald as property.
Grubenhagen is a small estate village with the estate and the farm worker data line. On the road from Greifswald there was a jug that has been in use to the present day, as well as a forester's house to the northwest at the current edge of the forest, which however disappeared around 1900 or was moved further towards Dersekow, where it is still available today as a homestead. The simple manor house has been preserved as a residential house, two of the manor buildings are still well preserved.
Helmshagen I and II
Helmshagen was first referred to as Helmerichshagen in a document in 1274 .
Klein Schönwalde was first mentioned by that name in 1782. It was a Vorwerk (field work), which was formed from two free school yards, another school yard and another yard from Weitenhagen.
In 1727 over 150 urns from the pre-Roman Iron Age (600 BC to 0) were excavated north of Potthagen, only whole ones were counted. The additions include a. 2 swords, 2 lance tips, 1 shield hump, 3 fibulae, 1 bronze vessel, as well as other residues of ash, earth and bones. In 1869 another five urns with fibulas, cross needles and belt hooks were recovered when a horse tram was being built.
Potthagen was only named as such or as "Pottkrug" in 1736, the latter because of the existing jug (restaurant). Like all the villages in the area, it is a Hagen = clearing village as a German foundation. The name is said to be related to the finding of the urns (Pötte - Low German) from 1727.
Barrows from the Bronze Age (1800 to 600 BC) have been archaeologically proven in the forest area south of Weitenhagen, and in the subsequent pre-Roman Iron Age (600 BC to 0) a large urn burial field with spectacular finds was uncovered north of Weitenhagen (see Potthagen). This proves an early settlement, even if we are dealing with an early German Hagendorf (on a cleared area).
Weitenhagen was first mentioned in 1280 in a deed of ownership of the Eldena monastery under the names Woytenhagen and Woythenhagen . The names Weithenhaghen (1298), Weythenhaghen (1334) and Weittenhagen (1626) then appear; The name Weitenhagen is first attested from 1696 . The name probably goes back to the family name Weithe or Woite .
The affiliation of Weitenhagen to the property of the monastery was confirmed in 1281 by Pomeranian Duke Bogislaw IV ; In 1288 the village of Weitenhagen was again awarded to the monastery by the Counts of Gützkow . In 1626, after the monastery was secularized , Weitenhagen was transferred to the University of Greifswald .
For area and village development, see the maps at Hess.
In the meantime, Weitenhagen has merged with Potthagen through modern developments, especially after 1990.
- Merthenshaghen (historical)
A district called Merthenshaghen belonged to the locality of Weitenhagen , which was first mentioned in a document in 1280. The district was owned by the city of Greifswald. Around 1600 the place fell desolate, it was added to the field mark of the city. The name has its origin after the missing St. Martinskapelle and the surrounding cleared forest (Hagen).
Coat of arms, flag, official seal
The municipality has no officially approved national emblem, neither a coat of arms nor a flag . The official seal is the small state seal with the coat of arms of the region of Western Pomerania . It shows an upright griffin with a raised tail and the inscription "GEMEINDE WEITENHAGEN * LANDKREIS VORPOMMERN-GREIFSWALD".
- Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher House in Weitenhagen
- Weitenhagen church with Romanesque style elements from the 13th century
- Sölkensee and Potthagen Moor
- Slavic ramparts Grubenhagen
- Grubenhagen estate
- Albert Klöpper (1828–1905), Protestant theologian, professor of theology
- Rudolf von Bandemer (1829–1906), landowner and politician, member of the Prussian House of Representatives
- Gerhard Hess: The cultural-geographic development of the academic villages Koitenhagen, Groß-Schönwalde, Klein-Schönwalde and Weitenhagen-Potthagen on a historical-geographical basis , at the same time dissertation, University of Greifswald, 1957.
- Manfred Niemeyer: East Western Pomerania. Collection of sources and literature on place names. Vol. 2: Mainland. (= Greifswald contributions to toponymy. Vol. 2), Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Institute for Slavic Studies, Greifswald 2001, ISBN 3-86006-149-6 . Pages 89, 104
- Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
- landhagen.de. Retrieved December 9, 2014 .
- Manfred Niemeyer: Ostvorpommern . Collection of sources and literature on place names. Vol. 2: Mainland. (= Greifswald contributions to toponymy. Vol. 2), Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald, Institute for Slavic Studies, Greifswald 2001, ISBN 3-86006-149-6 . P. 89 ff
- Pommersches Urkundenbuch , Vol. II, No. 1100.
- Pomeranian Document Book , Vol. III, No. 1445.
- Hermann Hoogeweg : Monasteries in Pomerania. Part 1, Stettin 1924, pp. 541/542.
- Teodolius Witkowski: The place names of the Greifswald district , Weimar 1978, p. 155.
- Gerhard Hess: Die Kulturgeographische Entwicklung ... (full title see under literature ), p. 33.
- Gerhard Hess: Die Kulturgeographische Entwicklung ... (full title see under literature ), Map 4b (1330), Map 5b (1580), Maps 10 and 25 (1825/26), Map 24 (1697) and Map 26 (1948) .
- Main Statute, Section 1, Paragraph 1 (PDF).